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Pilgrimages of Himachal Himalayas
- Location: Himachal Himalayas is spread across the state of Himachal Pradesh.
- Geographic Regions and Pilgrimages summary:
- Zanskar Range
- Lahaul & Spiti Valleys
- Greater Himalayan ranges
- Pir Panjal Range
- Chamba Valley
- Kullu Valley
- Parvati Valley: Manikaran
- Dhauladhar Range: Baijnath
- Kangra Valley: Jwalamukhi Shakti Peetha, Vajreshwari Devi
- Shivalik Hills: Chintpurni Devi, Naina Devi
Geographic Regions and Pilgrimages of Himachal Himalayas:
- Himachal Himalayas have the following mountain ranges starting from the Trans Himalayan region to the Shivalik Hills:
- Zanskar Range (Trans Himalayan Range):
- Location: Runs through Kinnaur and Lahaul & Spiti districts. Separates Kinnaur and Spiti Valleys from Tibet.
- What Nature has endowed it: Desolate, cold, treeless region. Many peaks above 6500 m. River Satluj (Satadru) cuts the Zanskar range at Shipki La Pass (4300 m). Many glaciers.
- Lahaul & Spiti Valleys:
- Location: Greater Himalayan region. Lahaul & Spiti districts.
- What Nature has endowed it: Desolate, cold, arid region. River Spiti. River Chandra. River Bhaga. River Chenab (Asikni).
- Rivers Chandra and Bhaga originates from the Bara-Lacha Pass (4843 m) and joins at Tandi to form river Chenab (Asikni).
- Greater Himalayan ranges (Greater Himalayan Range):
- Location: Runs through Kinnaur and Lahaul & Spiti districts.
- What Nature has endowed it: Average elevation 5500 m. Peaks rising above 6500 m. Many glaciers giving rise to Himalayan rivers. Pir Panjal Range joining the Greater Himalayas at Deo Tibba. River Chenab.
- River Chenab (Asikni) flows between the Greater Himalayas and Pir Panjal Range till Kishtwar and then making a hair pin bend flows through the Pir Panjal Range.
- Pir Panjal Range (Lesser Himalayan Range):
- Location: Runs through Chamba and Kullu districts. Also known as Pangi range.
- What Nature has endowed it: River basins of Chenab, Ravi, Beas.
- Separates Chenab and Ravi river basins in Chamba district.
- Separates Chenab and Beas river basins in Kullu district.
- Kunzam range (which separates Lahaul and Spiti) joins Greater Himalayas with Pir Panjal Range.
- Merges with Srikhand range in eastern Kullu district.
- Rohtang Pass (> 4000 m) lies in the Pir Panjal range.
- River Beas (Vipasa) originates at Beas Kund near Rohtang Pass.
- River Ravi (Iravati) also originates near the Rohtang Pass close to the source of river Beas.
- Chamba Valley:
- Location: Lies between Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar range. Eastern side of Lahaul Valley. Also known as Ravi Valley.
- What Nature has endowed it: Basin of river Ravi (Iravati).
- Kullu Valley:
- Kullu was earlier known as Kulanthapitha which means "The end of the habitable world" because the high Himalayan ranges start after that.
- Location: Bound by the Greater Himalayas in the north, and Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar Ranges on the other sides.
- What Nature has endowed it: Basin of river Beas (Vipasa). Very fertile valley.
- Parvati Valley:
- Location: Lies in the Kullu district around 45 km from the Kullu town.
- What Nature has endowed it: -
- Manikaran: A famous pilgrimage of Shiva-Parvati in Parvati Valley of Himachal Himalayas. The name Manikaran is derived from a legend associated with Mani or jewel of Devi Parvati.
- Legend of Shiva and Parvati: According to legend, once Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati were wandering in the forests of the Himalayas. They came to a beautiful place where the high mountains locked lush green forests within them. They were charmed by that place and lived there for eleven hundred years. Once when Shiva-Parvati were resting beside the beautiful waters of a stream, a jewel (mani) from the ear-ring of Devi Parvati dropped somewhere and got lost. She was highly distressed. The jewel could not be found even after a thorough search by the attendants of the Lord. Lord Shiva was enraged and his third eye opened. Due to this ominous event, there was commotion in the universe. The serpent god Shesh Nag was deputed to subside the anger of the Lord. Shesh Nag went there and hissed repeatedly. The streams became hot and water started boiling. From inside the boiling water came out a number of precious stones of the type of the mani of Devi Parvati. Shiva was pacified.
- Hot springs: Manikaran is famous for its many hot springs which are considered very auspicious.
- Other temples: The place has a very old Shiva temple which got tilted during the earthquake of 1905. There is also a famous temple of Lord Raghunath in Manikaran village, the idol of which is said to be brought from Ayodhya.
Manikaran is located in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh.
- Om Namah Shivaya
- Sarva Mangala Mangalye
- Dhauladhar Range (Lesser Himalayan Range):
- Dhauladhar means "White Mountains".
- Location: Rises abruptly from Kangra valley. Runs parallel to the Pir Panjal Range in the Kangra district.
- What Nature has endowed it: Rivers Satluj, Beas and Ravi cuts the Dhauladhar range.
- River Satluj cuts the Dhauladhar range near Rampur.
- River Beas (Vipasa) cuts the Dhauladhar range near Koti and Larji.
- River Ravi (Iravati) cuts the Dhauladhar range near Chamba.
- Baijnath: A famous temple of Shiva in ancient Kiragrama of Himachal Himalayas identified with Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga. Baijnath is situated in the Dhauladhar range of western Himalayas, 16 km from Palampur. There is a swayambhu Shivalinga inside the temple which is believed to be an Ardhanarishwara form of Shiva. Baijnath is located in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh.
- Kangra Valley:
- Location: A Dun (or Doon) valley lying between Dhuladhar Mountains and Shivalik Hills in Kangra district.
- What Nature has endowed it: River Beas (Vipasa).
Jwalamukhi Shakti Peetha:
- Jwalamukhi Shakti Peetha: A Shakti Peetha in Himachal Himalayas with Devi as Siddhidaa and Bhairava as Unmatta. Jwalamukhi Shakti Peetha is mentioned in Peetha Nirnaya texts. It is identified with Jwalamukhi Devi temple in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh. An eternally burning shining blue flame which emanates from the rock sanctum of the temple is considered as the manifestation of the Goddess.
- Sarva Mangala Mangalye
- Jwalamukhi Shakti Peetha
- Shakti Peethas
- Vajreshwari Devi: A famous temple of Devi in Nagarkot town of Himachal Himalayas. The Devi is also known as Kangra Devi by the locals. According to legend, Devi Parvati appeared from the Vajra (Thunderbolt) of Indra to vanquish demon Kalikala, hence the name Vajreshwari. Vajreshwari Devi temple is located in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh.
- Shivalik Hills (Shivalik Range):
- Location: Rises abruptly from Punjab-Haryana plains.
- What Nature has endowed it: Elevation 600-1200 m. Width around 50 km. Dun or Doon valleys.
- The northern slopes of Shivaliks gently slope to form flat-bottomed Dun valleys. Examples are Paonta valley in Sirmaur district, Kangra valley in Kangra district and Nalagarh and Jaswan dun in Una district.
- Chintpurni Devi: A famous temple of Devi in the Chhaproh village of Himachal Himalayas. Chintpurni Devi temple is associated with the legend of Bhakta Mai Das. Devi gave darshan to Bhakta Mai Das and instructed him to worship Her. The worship is being continued uninterruptedly for twenty-six generations. Chintpurni Devi temple is located in the Una district of Himachal Pradesh.
- Naina Devi: A famous temple of Devi in the Naina Dhar Hill of Himachal Himalayas. Naina Devi temple is associated with the legend of a gujjar boy by name Naina. The Goddess appeared in his dream and told him about Her Pindi (Stone Idol). Naina Devi temple is located in the Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh.
Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:
1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha -
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu -
Tridevis: Saraswati -
(Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) -
Others: Murugan -
Final: Vedas -
2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu -
Tridevis: Saraswati -
(Parvati - Shakambari)
3. Sadhana: Sadhana - Hermitages - Penances
4. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints
5. Sacred Geography:
7. Religious Life:
8. Other Aspects:
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