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Pilgrimages of Jharkhand
- Vaidyanath (Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga and Vaidyanatha Shakti Peetha)
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An Ancient Pilgrimage of Shiva and Shakti:
- Jyotirlinga: Vaidyanath has one of the 12 Jyotirlingas known as Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga.
(The Jyotirlingas are: Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar, Vaidyanath, Bhimashankar, Rameshwaram, Nageshwar, Vishwanath, Tryambakeshwar, Kedarnath and Grishneshwar -
Refer to the Jyotirlinga sloka)
- Shakti Peetha: Vaidyanath has one of the 51 Shakti Peethas known as Vaidyanatha Shakti Peetha.
(Refer to the list of Shakti Peethas - Refer to Shakti Peetha Stotram)
- Vaidyanath is located in the Deogarh district of Jharkhand.
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Ravana worshipped Lord Shiva in the Kailasha mountain and performed severe penance. When the penance reached the peak, he used to cut off one of his heads daily and offer it to Lord Shiva. After offering nine heads, when he was about to offer his tenth head, Lord Shiva appeared before him and granted him the boon of immense power. Shiva also gave him a Lingam to carry to Lanka. While carrying the Lingam to Lanka, Ravana felt an urge to ease himself and gave the Lingam to a cowherd boy to hold. Unable to hold the Lingam for long, the cowherd boy kept it on the ground where it got fixated permanently. The Lingam came to be known as Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga.
(from Shiva Purana, Koti-Rudra Samhita - Ch 28)
Pilgrimage - 1:
The Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is identified with Baidyanath Dham or Babadham in the Deogarh district of Jharkhand. The temple is around 4 miles from the Jasidih railway station on the Howrah-Delhi route. During the month of shravan, thousands of devotees fill their kanwars (pots) with Ganga water at Sultanganj and carry the water to Baba Baidyanath temple at Babadham walking a distance of 109 km.
Pilgrimage - 2:
The Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is also identified with the Parli Vaidyanath temple in Parli, in the Beed district of Maharashtra.
Pilgrimage - 3:
The Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga is also identified with the Baijnath temple near Palampur, in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh.
For more details refer to Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga from Shiva Purana.
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Devi Jaya Durga at Vaidyanatha Shakti Peetha:
Devi's Hridaya (Heart) fell at Vaidyanatha where She is known as Jaya Durga and the Bhairava is called Vaidyanatha.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)
The Vaidyanatha Shakti Peetha is identified with Baidyanath Dham (popularly called Baba Dham) in the Deogarh district of Jharkhand. This is also a Jyotirlinga. The shrine of Devi is located within the Baidyanath Dham Jyotirlinga temple complex.
Pilgrimages by States:
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