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Pilgrimages of Madhya Pradesh

  1. Ujjayini (Ujjain): An ancient pilgrimage with Jyotirlinga and Shakti Peethas which is a Mukti Puri and also a place of Kumbha Mela on the bank of river Shipra in Malwa Plateau

  2. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga: A Jyotirlinga in Ujjayini on the bank of river Shipra

  3. Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga: A Jyotirlinga on the bank of river Narmada

  4. Bhairava Parvata Shakti Peetha: A Shakti Peetha in Ujjayini

  5. Ujjayini Shakti Peetha: A Shakti Peetha in Ujjayini

  6. Amarkantak: The source of rivers Narmada and Son as well as a Shakti Peetha in Maikal mountains in Vindhya-Satpura range

  7. Narmada Shakti Peetha: A Shakti Peetha near the source of rivers Narmada and Son in Amarkantak




Ujjayini (Ujjain) on the bank of river Shipra in Malwa Plateau:

Sri Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Ujjain Devi Harsiddhi temple, Ujjain - An ancient pilgrimage with Jyotirlinga and Shakti Peethas which is a Mukti Puri and also a place of Kumbha Mela on the bank of river Shipra in Malwa Plateau: Ujjayini (Ujjain) is an ancient pilgrimage which is a Mukti Puri and a place of Kumbha Mela located on the bank of river Shipra in Malwa Plateau. The famous Mahakaleshwara Jyotirlinga is located in Ujjayini. Also there are two Shakti Peethas in Ujjayini - The Bhairava Parvata Shakti Peetha and Ujjayini Shakti Peetha.

- Mukti Puri: Ujjain is one of the 7 Mukti Puris known by the ancient name of Avantika.
(Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga: Ujjain has one of the 12 Jyotirlingas known as Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga.
(The Jyotirlingas are: Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar, Vaidyanath, Bhimashankar, Rameshwaram, Nageshwar, Vishwanath, Tryambakeshwar, Kedarnath and Grishneshwar - Refer to the Jyotirlinga sloka)

- Bhairava Parvata Shakti Peetha: Ujjain has one of the 51 Shakti Peethas known as Bhairava Parvata Shakti Peetha.
(Refer to the list of Shakti Peethas - Refer to Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Ujjayini Shakti Peetha: Ujjain has one of the 51 Shakti Peethas known as Ujjayini Shakti Peetha.
(Refer to the list of Shakti Peethas - Refer to Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Place of Kumbha Mela: Ujjain is one of 4 places of Kumbha Mela.
(Places of Kumbha Mela are: Prayaga, Haridwar, Ujjain, Nashik)

- Ujjayini (Ujjain) is located in the Ujjain district of Madhya Pradesh.


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Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga:

Sri Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh Sri Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh Puranic Event:
The Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is situated in Avanti. Lord Shiva saved Vedapriya and his sons from the assault of demon Dushana. Vedapriya was a noble brahmin, devoted to Vedas and a great devotee of Shiva. Demon Dushana was evil-minded and intent upon overthrowing dharma. When Dushana tried to beat the brahmins, Lord Shiva appeared out of the Shiva Linga taking the terrible form of Mahakaleshwara, and with a humkara reduced the demon and part of his army to ashes.
(from Shiva Purana, Koti-Rudra Samhita - Ch 16)


Pilgrimage:
The Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is identified with the Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain district of Madhya Pradesh. A special feature of the puja is Bhasma Arati which is held in the early morning at 4 AM.

For more details refer to Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga from Shiva Purana.


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Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga:

Sri Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga, Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh Sri Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga, Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh Puranic Event:
The Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is situated in a place called Omkareshwara. Vindhya mountain worshipped Lord Shiva here to get the power to become the best of mountains. Lord Shiva appeared before Vindhya mountain and granted the boon.
(from Shiva Purana, Koti-Rudra Samhita - Ch 18)


Pilgrimage:
The Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is identified with Omkareshwar temple in Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh, on the banks of river Narmada. In this place river Narmada splits into two parts and forms an island (named Mandhata or Shivapuri) which resembles the symbol of Omkara. According to legend, the Shivalinga split into two, one half is Omkareshwar and the other Amreshwar (Mamleshwar).

For more details refer to Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga from Shiva Purana.


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Devi Avanti at Bhairava Parvata Shakti Peetha:

Devi Avanti, Bhairava Parvata, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh Puranic Event:
Devi's Urdhva Ossttha (Upper Lip) fell at Bhairava Parvata where She is known as Avanti and the Bhairava is called Lambakarna.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)


Pilgrimage:
The Bhairava Parvata Shakti Peetha is identified with the Devi Avanti temple at Bhairava Parvata on the bank of river Shipra in Ujjain district of Madhya Pradesh. Apart from this Shakti Peetha, the Ujjain district also has the famous Mahakaleshwara Jyotirlinga.

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Devi Mangala Chandika at Ujjayini Shakti Peetha:

Devi Harsiddhi, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh Devi Harsiddhi temple, Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh Puranic Event:
Devi's Kurpara (Elbow) fell at Ujjayini where She is known as Mangala Chandika and the Bhairava is called Kapilambara.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)


Pilgrimage:
The Ujjayini Shakti Peetha is identified with Devi Harsiddhi mandir at Ujjain (near Rudrasagar), in the Ujjain district of Madhya Pradesh.

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Amarkantak at the source of rivers Narmada and Son in Maikal mountains in Vindhya-Satpura range:

Devi Narmada Narmada Mandir and Kund, Amarkantak Sonemuda, Amarkantak Mai ki Bagiya, Amarkantak Kapildhara, Amarkantak Jwaleshwar Mahadev Temple, Amarkantak Kabir Chabutra, Amarkantak Bhrigukamandal, Amarkantak Dudhdhara, Amarkantak Markandeya Ashram, Amarkantak - The source of rivers Narmada and Son as well as a Shakti Peetha in Maikal mountains in Vindhya-Satpura range: Amarkantak is the source of rivers Narmada and Son situated in the Maikal mountains which links the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges. The Narmada Shakti Peetha is located in Amarkantak.

- Narmada Shakti Peetha: Amarkantak has one of the 51 Shakti Peethas known as Narmada Shakti Peetha.
(Refer to the list of Shakti Peethas - Refer to Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Narmada Mandir and Kund: At the source of river Narmada lies the holy Narmada kund. Around this kund are several temples like Narmada Mandir, Shiva temple, Annapoorna temple, Durga temple, Rama temple, Radha Krishna temple, Suryanarayan temple etc.

- Sonemuda: Sonemuda is the place of origin of the Son river. It is around 1.5 km from the Narmada kund.

- Mai ki Bagiya: The Mai ki Bagiya or the garden of the mother lies around 1 km from Narmada kund, within a densely forested area. It is believed that Devi Narmada used to pluck flowers in this garden.

- Kapildhara: At a distance of around 8 km from the origin of river Narmada, the river falls at a height of 100 feet creating a waterfall known as Kapildhara. It is believed that Rishi Kapila used to meditate here.

- Jwaleshwar Mahadev Temple: Around 8 km from Amarkantak is the origin of river Johila (or Johilla). There is a Shiva temple deep within the forest known as Jwaleshwar Mahadev Temple.

- Kabir Chabutra: At the meeting point of three districts - Anuppur of Madhya Pradesh, Dindori of Madhya Pradesh and Bilaspur of Chhattisgarh is a place known as Kabir Chabutra (Platform). It is believed that Sant Kabir used to meditate here. There is a waterfall nearb known as Kabir waterfall.

- Bhrigukamandal: Around 3 km from Amarkantak is a place within a forest known as Bhrigukamandal. It is believed that Rishi Bhrigu used to meditate here.

- Dudhdhara: Around 1 km from Amarkantak is a waterfall on river Narmada known as Dudhdhara.

- Shambudhara and Durgadhara: Deep within the forest near Amarkantak are two waterfalls known as Shambhudhara and Durgadhara.

- Markandeya Ashram:

- Amarkantak is located in the Anuppur district of Madhya Pradesh.


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Devi Sona at Narmada Shakti Peetha:

Devi Narmada Sonemuda, Amarkantaka, Madhya Pradesh Puranic Event:
Devi's Nitamba (Buttocks) fell at Narmada where She is known as Sona and the Bhairava is called Bhadrasena.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)


Pilgrimage:
The Narmada Shakti Peetha is identified with the Sonemuda (the origin of river Sone) at Amarkantaka in Anuppur district of Madhya Pradesh. The origin of river Narmada is also at Amarkantaka which is also considered as the Shakti Peetha. This place provides an excellent view of sunrise and also the Satpura mountain ranges.

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Pilgrimages by States:

North India: Jammu and Kashmir - Himachal Pradesh - Uttarakhand - Punjab - Haryana - Rajasthan - Uttar Pradesh

West India: Gujarat - Maharashtra

Central India: Madhya Pradesh

East India: Assam - Meghalaya - Tripura - Jharkhand - Odisha - West Bengal

South India: Karnataka - Andhra Pradesh - Kerala - Tamil Nadu



Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha - Hanuman - Gurudeva - Gayatri
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - (Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) - Parvati
Others: Murugan - Surya - Ganga - Yamuna - Narmada - Others
Final: Vedas - Brahman

2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - Lakshmi - (Parvati - Shakambari)
Others: Murugan - Ganga

3. Sadhana: Sadhana - Hermitages - Penances

4. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints

5. Sacred Geography: Forests - Mountains - Rivers - Lakes

6. Puranas: Scriptures

7. Religious Life: Stotras - Puja - Pilgrimages - Festivals - Varnashramas - Samskaras - Traditions

8. Other Aspects: Sanskrit - Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy

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May there be Peace in the Earth,
May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

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Last updated on Sep-2017

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