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Pilgrimages of Madhya Pradesh

  1. Ujjain: An ancient pilgrimage which is a Mukti Puri, a Jyotirlinga, has two Shakti Peethas and is also a place of Kumbha Mela
  2. Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga: A Jyotirlinga
  3. Amarkantak: The source of rivers Narmada and Son which has a Shakti Peetha


Ujjain (Ujjayini) (Avantika):

Sri Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Ujjain district Sri Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Ujjain district Devi Avanti, Bhairava Parvata, Ujjain district Devi Harsiddhi, Ujjain district Devi Harsiddhi Mandir, Ujjain district - An ancient pilgrimage: Ujjain (Ujjayini) is an ancient pilgrimage which is a Mukti Puri, has a Jyotirlinga, has two Shakti Peethas and is a place of Kumbha Mela. The ancient name of Ujjain is Avantika. Ujjain is located on the bank of river Shipra in Malwa Plateau.

- Mukti Puri: Ujjain is one of the 7 Mukti Puris known by the ancient name of Avantika.
(The Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Jyotirlinga: Ujjain has the famous Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga. The Jyotirlinga is mentioned in the Shiva Purana (Koti-Rudra Samhita Ch 16). The Jyotirlinga is identified with the Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain district. A special feature of the temple puja is that Bhasma Arati is held every day in the early morning at 4 AM. According to Shiva Purana the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is situated in Avanti. Lord Shiva saved Vedapriya and his sons from the assault of demon Dushana. Vedapriya was a noble brahmin, devoted to Vedas and a great devotee of Shiva. Demon Dushana was evil-minded and intent upon overthrowing dharma. When Dushana tried to beat the brahmins, Lord Shiva appeared out of the Shiva Linga taking the terrible form of Mahakaleshwara, and with a humkara reduced the demon and part of his army to ashes.
(The 12 Jyotirlingas are: Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar, Vaidyanath, Bhimashankar, Rameshwaram, Nageshwar, Vishwanath, Tryambakeshwar, Kedarnath and Grishneshwar. Refer to the Jyotirlinga sloka)

- Shakti Peetha: Ujjain is identified with the Bhairava Parvata Shakti Peetha. The Shakti Peetha is mentioned in the Peetha Nirnaya texts. According to legend the Urdhva Ossttha (Upper Lip) of Devi had fallen at Bhairava Parvata. The Devi is known as Avanti and Bhairava is known as Lambakarna. The Bhairava Parvata Shakti Peetha is identified with the Devi Avanti temple at Bhairava Parvata on the bank of river Shipra in Ujjain district.
(Refer to the Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Shakti Peetha: Ujjain is also identified with the Ujjayini Shakti Peetha. The Shakti Peetha is mentioned in the Peetha Nirnaya texts. According to legend the Kurpara (Elbow) of Devi had fallen at Ujjayini. The Devi is known as Mangala Chandika and Bhairava is known as Kapilambara. The Ujjayini Shakti Peetha is identified with Devi Harsiddhi Mandir at Ujjain (near Rudrasagar), in the Ujjain district.
(Refer to the Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Place of Kumbha Mela: Ujjain is one of 4 places of Kumbha Mela.
(The places of Kumbha Mela are: Prayaga, Haridwar, Ujjain, Nashik)

- Ujjayini (Ujjain) is located in the Ujjain district of Madhya Pradesh.


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Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga:

Sri Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga, Khandwa district Sri Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga, Khandwa district - Jyotirlinga: Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is mentioned in the Shiva Purana (Koti-Rudra Samhita Ch 18). The Jyotirlinga is identified with the Omkareshwar temple in the Khandwa district on the banks of river Narmada. In this place river Narmada splits into two parts and forms an island (named Mandhata or Shivapuri) which resembles the symbol of Omkara. According to legend, the Shivalinga split into two, one half is Omkareshwar and the other Amreshwar (Mamleshwar).
(The 12 Jyotirlingas are: Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar, Vaidyanath, Bhimashankar, Rameshwaram, Nageshwar, Vishwanath, Tryambakeshwar, Kedarnath and Grishneshwar - Refer to the Jyotirlinga sloka)

- Legend: According to Shiva Purana, Vindhya mountain worshipped Lord Shiva here to get the power to become the best of mountains. Lord Shiva appeared before Vindhya mountain and granted the boon.

Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is located in the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh.


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Amarkantak:

Devi Narmada Narmada Mandir and Kund, Amarkantak Sonemuda, Amarkantak Mai ki Bagiya, Amarkantak Kapildhara, Amarkantak Jwaleshwar Mahadev Temple, Amarkantak Kabir Chabutra, Amarkantak Bhrigukamandal, Amarkantak Dudhdhara, Amarkantak Markandeya Ashram, Amarkantak - The source of rivers Narmada and Son: Amarkantak is the source of rivers Narmada and Son. It is situated in the Maikal mountains which links the Vindhya and Satpura mountain ranges. Amarkantak has a Shakti Peetha.

- Shakti Peetha: Amarkantak is identified with the Narmada Shakti Peetha. The Shakti Peetha is mentioned in the Peetha Nirnaya texts. According to legend the Nitamba (Buttocks) of Devi had fallen at Narmada. The Devi is known as Sona and Bhairava is known as Bhadrasena. The Narmada Shakti Peetha is identified with the Sonemuda, the origin of river Sone at Amarkantak in Anuppur district. The origin of river Narmada is also at Amarkantak which is also considered as the Shakti Peetha. This place provides an excellent view of sunrise and also the Satpura mountain ranges.
(Refer to the Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Places to see:
- Narmada Mandir and Kund: At the source of river Narmada lies the holy Narmada kund. Around this kund are several temples like Narmada Mandir, Shiva temple, Annapoorna temple, Durga temple, Rama temple, Radha Krishna temple, Suryanarayan temple etc.

- Sonemuda: Sonemuda is the place of origin of the river Son. It is around 1.5 km from the Narmada kund.

- Mai ki Bagiya: The Mai ki Bagiya or the garden of the mother lies around 1 km from Narmada kund, within a densely forested area. It is believed that Devi Narmada used to pluck flowers in this garden.

- Kapildhara: At a distance of around 8 km from the origin of river Narmada, the river falls at a height of 100 feet creating a waterfall known as Kapildhara. It is believed that Rishi Kapila used to meditate here.

- Jwaleshwar Mahadev Temple: Around 8 km from Amarkantak is the origin of river Johila (or Johilla). There is a Shiva temple deep within the forest known as Jwaleshwar Mahadev Temple.

- Kabir Chabutra: At the meeting point of three districts - Anuppur of Madhya Pradesh, Dindori of Madhya Pradesh and Bilaspur of Chhattisgarh is a place known as Kabir Chabutra (Platform). It is believed that Sant Kabir used to meditate here. There is a waterfall nearby known as Kabir waterfall.

- Bhrigukamandal: Around 3 km from Amarkantak is a place within a forest known as Bhrigukamandal. It is believed that Rishi Bhrigu used to meditate here.

- Dudhdhara: Around 1 km from Amarkantak is a waterfall on river Narmada known as Dudhdhara.

- Shambudhara and Durgadhara: Deep within the forest near Amarkantak are two waterfalls known as Shambhudhara and Durgadhara.

- Markandeya Ashram:

- Amarkantak is located in the Anuppur district of Madhya Pradesh.


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Pilgrimages by States:

North India: Jammu and Kashmir - Himachal Pradesh - Uttarakhand - Punjab - Haryana - Rajasthan - Uttar Pradesh

West India: Gujarat - Maharashtra

Central India: Madhya Pradesh

East India: Assam - Meghalaya - Tripura - Jharkhand - Odisha - West Bengal

South India: Karnataka - Andhra Pradesh - Telangana - Kerala - Tamil Nadu



Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha - Hanuman - Gurudeva - Gayatri
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - (Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) - Parvati
Others: Murugan - Surya - Ganga - Yamuna - Narmada - Others
Final: Vedas - Brahman

2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - Lakshmi - (Parvati - Shakambari)
Others: Murugan - Ganga

3. Sadhana: Sadhana - Hermitages - Penances

4. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints

5. Sacred Geography: Forests - Mountains - Rivers - Lakes

6. Puranas: Scriptures

7. Religious Life: Stotras - Puja - Pilgrimages - Festivals - Varnashramas - Samskaras - Traditions

8. Other Aspects: Sanskrit - Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy

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May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

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Last updated on Oct-2017

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