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Pilgrimages of Devi Lakshmi
Devi Mahishamardini at Karavira Shakti Peetha:
Devi's Trinetra (Three Eyes) fell at Karavira where She is known as Mahishamardini and the Bhairava is called Krodhisa.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)
The Karavira Shakti Peetha is identified with Devi Mahalakshmi temple of Kohlapur in Kohlapur district of Maharashtra. Kohlapur city is situated on the bank of river Panchaganga and is known as Dakshin Kashi.
Legend of Kohlasura:
The famous Mahalakshmi Temple of Kohlapur is associated with the legend of Kohlasura from which the city derives its name. The legend also explains the name Karavira.
Lord Brahma had three mind-born sons - Gaya, Lavana and Kohla. They became very powerful by the blessings of their father as well as Lord Shiva. However because of their atrocities, Gaya and Lavana was killed by Lord Vishnu with the assistance of the gods.
The youngest son Kohla became the king of Kohlapur. To take revenge of the death of his brothers, he undertook severe penance at the Kohlagiri mountain. Lord Brahma bestowed on him rich blessings.
In the meantime, when Kohlasura left his capital to perform penance, a demon by name Sukeshi took over the capital. The demon was adharmic by nature and he was bent on uprooting dharma by demolishing temples and ashrams. The gods were waiting for Kohlasura to come back after penance and kill Sukeshi. As expected, when Kohlasura returned to his capital he slewed Sukeshi and installed his eldest son Karavira as the king of Kohlapur.
Karavira was adharmic by nature similar to Sukeshi. Above this he sought to take revenge of the death of his uncles. He started creating havoc by harassing the sages and the brahmins. The sages sought the refuge of the Tridevas Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. In a fierce battle Shiva slew Karavira. Before his death Karavira sought the boon of naming the city after him as Karavira Nagar.
Kohlasura became furious when he heard about the death of his son. He wanted to take revenge of it. He thought that as long as Goddess Mahalakshmi resided in the capital he cannot defeat the gods because they derived their power from Her. Therefore Kohlasura undertook severe penance and pleased the Goddess. As a boon he requested Her to leave Kohlapur for a hundred years. The Devi acceded and proceeded towards the Himalayas.
After the departure of the Devi, Kohlasura wrecked havoc with his acts of destruction of dharma. The gods sought the refuge of Tridevas - Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. They in turn sought the help of the Goddess. The Devi could do nothing due to Her promise till hundred years of Her exile elapsed. When hundred years elapsed, She marched towards Kohlapur wth an army of gods taking Her terrible eighteen-armed form. In the battle that ensued She killed Kohlasura. Before his death, Kohlasura sought three boons from Her. Firstly, the place of his death will become a pilgrimage. Secondly the Goddess should reside there and the place should be known as Kohlapur after his name. Thirdly, every year the fruit Kohala should be cut ceremonially in his honour. The Devi granted his boons and have him Mukti.
Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:
1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha -
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu -
Tridevis: Saraswati -
(Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) -
Others: Murugan -
Final: Vedas -
2. Spiritual Realization: Spiritual Realization
3. Incarnations & Saints: Incarnations - Rishis - Saints
4. Sacred Geography:
River Sangams -
6. Religious Life:
7. Other Aspects:
Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy