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Pilgrimages of Rama

  1. Ayodhya (Where Sri Rama was born) - Uttar Pradesh
  2. Journeys of Rama (From Valmiki Ramayana)
  3. Sringaverapura (Where Sri Rama met Guha during forest exile) (From Valmiki Ramayana) - Uttar Pradesh
  4. Prayaga (Where Sri Rama visited the ashrama of Bharadwaja Rishi during forest exile) (From Valmiki Ramayana) - Uttar Pradesh
  5. Chitrakoota (Where Sri Rama stayed during forest exile) (From Valmiki Ramayana) - Uttar Pradesh & Madhya Pradesh border
  6. Dandakaranya (Where Sri Rama wandered & visited various ashramas of sages during forest exile) (From Valmiki Ramayana) - Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh etc.
  7. Panchavati (Where Sri Rama stayed during forest exile) (From Valmiki Ramayana) - Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh
  8. Triprayar Rama (Famous pilgrimage of Rama) - Kerala
  9. Rameshwaram (Where Sri Rama worshipped Lord Shiva) - Tamil Nadu


Ayodhya:

Sri Rama - Mukti Puri: Ayodhya is one of the 7 Mukti Puris.
(Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Divya Desam: Ayodhya is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thiru Ayodhi Divya Desam.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- Birthplace of Sri Rama: Ayodhya is the birthplace of Sri Rama.

- Kingdom of Sri Rama: Ayodhya is the kingdom of Sri Rama.

- Ayodhya is located in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh.


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Journeys of Sri Rama from Valmiki Ramayana:

Sri Rama Sri Rama travelled extensively during two phases of His life - The first is with sage Vishwamitra during boyhood when Vishwamitra took Rama and Lakshmana with him to protect his yagya. The second is during forest exile when Sri Rama had to spend twelve years in forest living the simple life like an ascetic. During both these journeys, Sri Rama passed through beautiful country-side, forests, crossed rivers and visited hermitages. These journeys are a treat for nature lovers and Valmiki Ramayana describes them with poetic expressions. Many of the places where Sri Rama travelled has become sacred pilgrimages and has defined the beautiful landscape of Bharatavarsha.

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Sringaverapura from Valmiki Ramayana:

Sri Rama & Kewat Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 50): Sri Rama camping at Sringaverapura: During forest exile, after crossing the Kosala kingdom, Sri Rama reached Sringaverapura on the bank of river Ganga. Sri Rama stayed under a huge Ingudi tree.

Beautiful description of river Ganga at Sringaverapura: Valmiki Ramayana gives a beautiful and elaborate description of river Ganga here. Read it here.

Sri Rama meeting Guha at Sringaveraura: There, Sri Rama met Guha, the king of Nishadas, who was also His dear friend. Guha dearly welcomed Sri Rama and extended his hospitality.

Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 50 - 51): Sri Rama spending a night at Sringaverapura: Sri Rama spent a night there lying on the ground on the bank of river Ganga guarded by Lakshmana and Guha.

Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 52): Sri Rama crossing river Ganga at Sringaverapura to proceed towards Prayaga: Sri Rama sent back Sumantra who was accompanying him and crossed the river Ganga in a boat here given by Guha (and then proceeding towards Prayaga).

Devi Sita offering prayers to Ganga: While crossing the river, Devi Sita offered prayers to river Ganga.

Location: Sringverapur is located in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh.


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Bharadwaja Ashrama from Valmiki Ramayana:

Rishi Bharadwaja Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 54): Sri Rama proceeding towards Prayaga from Sringaverapura: During forest exile, Sri Rama crossed river Ganga at Sringaverapura and reached the land of Vatsa. Spending the night under a big tree, Sri Rama walked towards Prayaga at the confluence of rivers Ganga and Yamuna.

Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 54): Sri Rama visiting the hermitage of sage Bharadwaja at Prayaga and hearing about Chitrakoota: Sri Rama visited the hermitage of sage Bharadwaja at Prayaga and asked for a suitable place to stay in the forest. Sage Bharadwaja suggested the Chitrakoota forest mountain, ten krosas from there and told the route to reach there.

Sri Rama spending a night in the hermitage of sage Bharadwaja: Sri Rama spent a night in that hermitage.

Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 55): Sri Rama hearing about the route to Chitrakoota from sage Bharadwaja: Sage Bharadwaja told Sri Rama the route to Chitrakoota from Prayaga - following river Yamuna towards west, then crossing river Yamuna and reaching a Nyagrodha tree called Shyama. After going a krosha from there, Chitraoota forest starts.

Bharadwaja Ashrama:

Bharadwaja Ashrama, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh Bharadwaja Ashrama is located in Allahabad in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh. It is in the Colonelganj area near Anand Bhavan on Jawahar Lal Nehru Road, around 3.5 km from the Allahabad railway station. The ashrama has many images including Sri Rama, Lakshmana and Bharadwajeshwar Mahadev Shiva Linga.


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Chitrakoota from Valmiki Ramayana:

Rishi Bharadwaja 1. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 54 - 55): Sri Rama visiting Bharadwaja ashrama and hearing about Chitrakoota: Sri Rama visited the hermitage of sage Bharadwaja at Prayaga. When Sri Rama asked about a suitable place to stay in the forest, the sage told about Chitrakoota mountain ten yojanas from there on the other bank of river Yamuna.

2. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 55): Sri Rama crossing river Yamuna at Prayaga: Sri Rama crossed the river Yamuna on a raft at Prayaga to go to Chitrakoota by the route suggested by sage Bharadwaja. While crossing the river at Prayaga, Devi Sita offered prayers to river Yamuna.

3. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 55): Sri Rama coming to a Nyagrodha tree called Shyama: After crossing the river Yamuna, Sri Rama came to a Nyagrodha tree called Shyama (which was indicated by Bharadwaja). Devi Sita circumambulated the tree and offered prayers.

4. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 55): Sri Rama spending a night on the bank of river Yamuna: Sri Rama spent a night on the bank of river Yamuna.

Rishi Valmiki 5. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 56): Sri Rama visiting Valmiki ashrama: Next morning Sri Rama visited the hermitage of sage Valmiki at Chitrakoota.

Sri Rama & Forest 6. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 56): Sri Rama settling at Chitrakoota: Sri Rama built a parna shala (leaf-hut) on the mountain-forest of Chitrakoota and settled there. The river Malyavati was flowing there frequented by birds and beasts.

7. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 94): Sri Rama describing Chitrakoota to Devi Sita: While staying in Chitrakoota, Sri Rama one day described the beauty of Chitrakoota mountain to Devi Sita.

8. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 95): Sri Rama describing river Mandakini to Devi Sita: While staying in Chitrakoota, Sri Rama one day described the beauty of river Mandakini to Devi Sita.

9. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 113): Sri Rama giving paduka to Bharata at Chitrakoota: When Bharata came to Chitrakoota to take Sri Rama to Ayodhya, Rama have His paduka to Bharata.

Rishi Atri & Devi Anusuiya 10. Valmiki Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda 116): Sri Rama visiting Atri ashrama while leaving Chitrakoota: After Bharata left, Sri Rama decided to leave Chitrakoota. While leaving Chitrakoota, Sri Rama visited the hermitage of sage Atri and sati Anusuiya.

Bharadwaja Ashrama:

Bharadwaja Ashrama, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh Bharadwaja Ashrama is located in Allahabad in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh. It is in the Colonelganj area near Anand Bhavan on Jawahar Lal Nehru Road, around 3.5 km from the Allahabad railway station. The ashrama has many images including Sri Rama, Lakshmana and Bharadwajeshwar Mahadev Shiva Linga.

Valmiki Ashrama:

Valmiki Ashrama, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Valmiki Ashrama is located in Chitrakoot spread across Uttar Pradesh (Chitrakoot district) and Madhya Pradesh (Satna district) border. It is on Allahabad Road on a hill in Lalapur village. The place is around 24 km from Ram Ghat and situated on the bank of river Valmiki. It is said that Devi Sita gave birth to Luv and Kush here.

Ram Ghat:

Ram Ghat, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Ram Ghat is the main bathing ghat of Chitrakoot on the bank of river Mandakini where Sri Rama is believed to have bathed.

Kamadgiri Hill:

Lord Kamtanath, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Kamadgiri Hill in Chitrakoot is the place where Sri Rama, Lakshmana and Devi Sita is believed to have stayed during forest exile. It has the famous temple of Lord Kamtanath.

Lakshman Pahari:

Lakshman Pahari, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Lakshman Pahari is the place where Lakshmana is said to have stood guard to protect Rama and Sita.

Sita Rasoi:

Sita Rasoi, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Sita Rasoi is the place where Devi Sita is believed to have cooked food.

Janki Kund:

Janki Kund, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Janki Kund on the bank of river Payaswini is believed to be the bathing place of Devi Sita.

Sphatik Shila:

Sphatik Shila, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Sphatik Shila are two huge reddish rocks in Chitrakoot hills which is believed to be the place from where Sri Rama and Devi Sita used to enjoy the beauty of Chitrakoot.

Bharat Milap Temple:

Bharat Milap Temple, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Bharat Milap temple is said to be the place where Bharata met Sri Rama and persuaded him to return to Ayodhya. Bharat Koop is a well where Bharata is believed to have poured waters of all the Tirthas which he has brought for Rama's coronation. It is around 20 km from Chitrakoot near Bharatpur village.

Raghava Prayag Ghat:

Raghav Prayag Ghat near Ram Ghat on the bank of river Payaswini is believed to be the place where Sri Rama performed Pitri Tarpana during forest exile. It is also said to be the invisible confluence of rivers Mandakini, Payaswini and Gayatri or Savitri.

Atri-Anusuiya Ashrama:

Atri-Anusuiya Ashrama, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Atri and Anusuiya Ashrama is located in Chitrakoot spread across Uttar Pradesh (Chitrakoot district) and Madhya Pradesh (Satna district) border. It is around 12 km from Ram Ghat and situated in a forested area. It is believed that in this place Sati Anusuiya turned Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva into children. It is also said that river Mandakini originated from Chitrakoot due to the penance of Sati Anusuiya.

Other Places in Chitrakoot:

Hanuman Dhara:

Hanuman Dhara, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Hanuman Dhara is a cascade of waters falling from a natural spring over a natural rock image of Hanuman inside a cave.

Gupta Godavari:

Gupta Godavari, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Gupta Godavari is a cave from where river Godavari emerges as a stream and then flowing down inside another cave disappears in the mountain.


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Dandakaranya from Valmiki Ramayana:

Sri Rama & Forest Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 1): Sri Rama seeing many hermitages of sages in Dandakaranya forest: Sri Rama entered the Dandakaranya forest and saw hermitages of sages who were engaged in penance. The atmosphere was rendered holy by their penance. Sri Rama spent a night there.

Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 2 - 5): Sri Rama encountering demon Viradha in Dandakaranya forest: Sri Rama encountered demon Viradha in Dandakaranya forest, kills him, and releases him from a curse of Kubera.

Rishi Sharabhanga Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 5): Sri Rama visiting the hermitage of Sharabhanga ashrama: Sri Rama visited the hermitage of sage Sharabhanga. Indra deva came there to take the sage to the abode of Brahma as a fruit of his penance. Sage Sharabhanga directed Sri Rama to the hermitage of sage Suteekshna following the trail of river Mandakini. Thereafter sage Sharabhanga gave up his body in sacred fire and ascended to higher loka.

Sri Rama visiting hermitages Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 7 - 8): Sri Rama visiting the hermitage of sage Suteekshna: Sri Rama visited the hermitage of sage Suteekshna. Sri Rama spent a night in that hermitage.

Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 11): Sri Rama visiting Pancha Apsara lake: Sri Rama visited the Pancha Apsara lake. From that lake was emanating melodies of songs and music. Sri Rama heard from sage Dharmavrita the story of sage Mandakarni marrying five Apsaras and living within that lake.

Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 11): Sri Rama visiting various hermitages in Dandakaranya for ten years: Sri Rama stayed in various hermitages of sages in Dandakaranya and ten years gradually elapsed.

Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 11): Sri Rama revisiting the hermitage of sage Suteekshna: Sri Rama revisited the hermitage of sage Suteekshna. After staying there for sometime, Sri Rama asked about the hermitage of sage Agastya. Sage Suteekshna told about the hermitage of the brother of sage Agastya four yojanas from there on a plateau with many lakes. From there the hermitage of sage Agastya was one yojana away.

Sharabhanga Ashrama:

Sharabhanga Ashrama, Satna, Madhya Pradesh Sharabhanga Ashrama is situated around 20 km away from Sati Anusuiya Ashrama on the Madhya Pradesh side of Chitrakoot (Satna district). There is a Ganga Kund and Shiva temple in the ashrama.

Suteekshna Ashrama:

Suteekshna Ashrama, Satna, Madhya Pradesh Suteekshna Ashrama is situated around 4 km away from Sharabhanga ashrama, which is around 20 km from Birsinghpur in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh. This is on the Madhya Pradesh side of Chitrakoot (Satna district).


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Panchavati from Valmiki Ramayana:

Rishi Agastya Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 12 - 13): Sri Rama visiting the hermitage of sage Agastya and hearing about Panchavati: Sri Rama visited the hermitage of sage Agastya. Sage Agastya conferred various divine weapons to Sri Rama. When Sri Rama asked about a suitable place to stay, Agastya told about Panchavati forest two yojanas from there on the bank of river Godavari.

Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 14): Sri Rama meeting Jatayu while going towards Panchavati: While Sri Rama was going to Panchavati from Agastya ashrama, He met Jatayu. Jatayu offered to go to Panchavati with them to protect Devi Sita if needed. Sri Rama, Lakshmana, Sita and Jatayu proceeded towards Panchavati.

Sri Rama & Forest Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 15): Sri Rama settling at Panchavati: Sri Rama selected a place in Panchavati forest where Lakshmana built a parna shala, a beautiful cottage made of bamboos, straws and leaves. Sri Rama settled happily at Panchavati.

Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 16): Sri Rama hearing Lakshmana describing Hemanata Ritu at Panchavati: While Sri Rama was staying at Panchavati, the beautiful Hemanta Ritu (Pre-Winter season) arrived. One day Lakshmana described the beauty of Hemanta Ritu to Sri Rama.

Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 17 - 18): Sri Rama encountering Surpanakha at Panchavati: While Sri Rama was staying at Panchavati, demoness Surpanakha approached Rama and Lakshmana with the feeling of lust. When Surpanakha tried to harm Devi Sita, Rama asked Lakshmana to deface her.

Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 20 - 30): Sri Rama encountering demons Khara and Dushana: When Sri Rama punished Surpanakha, she reported this to her brother Khara, who initially sent various demons to kill Sri Rama. Sri Rama eliminated all of them. Then demons Khara and Dushana came with a huge army. Sri Rama single-handedly fought with all of them and finally killed demons Khara and Dushana.

Valmiki Ramayana (Aranya Kanda 45 - 60): Ravana kidnapping Devi Sita from Panchavati: While Sri Rama was staying at Panchavati, one day, Devi Sita saw a beautiful golden deer. Devi Sita became enamoured by its beauty and asked Sri Rama to bring it alive or dead. Sri Rama ran after the golden deer who was demon Mareecha in disguise. The deer eluded Sri Rama for a long time. Finally Sri Rama killed demon Mareecha in the form of the deer. In the meantime Ravana came to the cottage of Rama at Panchavati in the guise of a beggar and kidnapped Devi Sita by a trick.

Agastya Ashrama:

Agastya Ashrama is situated in Bhandardara, a beautiful hill-station on the Sahyadri Hills in the Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. It is around 185 km from Mumbai and 80 km from Nashik.

Panchavati - Five Banyan Trees:

Banyan Trees, Panchavati, Nashik, Maharashtra Panchavati is on the northern part of Nashik district of Maharashtra on the bank of river Godavari. The area of Panchavati has Five Banyan Trees and hence the name Panchavati.

Ramkund:

Ram Kund, Panchavati, Nashik, Maharashtra Ramkund is the holy bathing ghat of Panchavati on river Godavari. It is believed that Sri Rama bathed here during forest exile. It is also the place for performing rituals and devotional contemplation.

Sita Gumpha:

Sita Gumpha, Panchavati, Nashik, Maharashtra Sita Gumpha is the cave which is believed to be the place where Devi Sita lived and worshipped a Shiva Linga. It is also said that Devi Sita was abducted by Ravana from this place.

Kalaram Mandir:

Kalaram Mandir, Panchavati, Nashik, Maharashtra Kalaram Mandir is the famous Ram temple of Panchavati near the Sita Gumpha.

Tapovan:

Tapovan is the area in Panchavati at the confluence of rivers Godavari and Kapila. It is said that in ancient times the sages meditated in this place. It is also the place where Lakshmana is said to have cut off the nose of demoness Shurpanakha.


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Triprayar Rama:

Sri Rama Triprayar Rama Temple - Famous pilgrimage of Sri Rama: Triprayar Rama is associated with the legend of Vakkey Kaimal. According to this legend, Vakkey Kaimal, a local chieftain and an ardent devotee once had a dream in which a person indicated that four idols had been washed ashore in the nearby sea, and each of them are to be consecrated at alloted places. Kaimal went to the seashore early in the morning and found the four idols lying there - of Rama, Bharata, Lakshmana and Satrughna. He duly installed them in four temples whose locations were directed in the dream - Rama at Triprayar, Bharata at Kutalmanikyam (Irinjalakuda), Lakshmana at Moozhikulam and Satrughna at Payammal.

- During the preparation of installation of the Rama temple at Triprayar, an unknown voice told that the idol should be installed in the place above which a peacock would fly in the sky. On the auspicious day however, there was no sign of the peacock. When a devotee appeared holding a bunch of peacock feathers, it was taken as a sign of peacock itself and the pratistha was performed. Later on however, the peacock appeared in the sky and below it the balikkal or altar was installed. The altar kept moving round and round. One day Naronathu Bhranthan, a yogi came there and knowing the cause of the movement, fixed a nail on the balikkal. The movement stopped after that. The place where the nail was fixed can be seen even today.

- The image of Rama has four hands holding Sankha, Chakra, Kodanda (Bow) and Mala (Garland). There are idols of Sridevi and Bhumi Devi said to be installed by Vilwamangal Swamiyar after he had a vision of the Devis offering prayers to the Lord.

- Festivals: The two famous festivals are Ekadasi in Vrischikam (Nov - Dec) and Pooram in Meenam (Mar - Apr). On the Ekadasi festival Sri Rama is taken out in procession. Many elephants are taken out in this procession. The Pooram festival is celebrated for seven days starting on Makiram asterism in meenam (Mar - Apr) and ending on the Pooram asterism.

- Triprayar Rama temple is located in the Thrissur district of Kerala.

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Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga:

Sri Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga, Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu Sri Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga, Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu Puranic Event:
The Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga is situated in the southern sea shore. Sri Rama worshipped Lord Shiva here to get his blessings before crossing the ocean and waging war against Ravana. Lord Shiva appeared before Rama and granted the boon of victory.
(from Shiva Purana, Koti-Rudra Samhita - Ch 31)


Pilgrimage:
The Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga is identified with the Rameshwaram temple by the sea-side (Bay of Bengal) on the Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu. There are 22 Tirthas within the temple complex where the pilgrims bathe.

For more details refer to Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga from Shiva Purana.


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Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha - Hanuman - Gurudeva - Gayatri
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - (Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) - Parvati
Others: Murugan - Surya - Ganga - Yamuna - Narmada - Others
Final: Vedas - Brahman

2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - Lakshmi - (Parvati - Shakambari)
Others: Murugan - Ganga

3. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints

4. Sadhana: Sadhana - Penances - Others

5. Sacred Geography: Forests - Mountains - Rivers - Lakes

6. Puranas: Puranic Events

7. Religious Life: Stotras - Puja - Pilgrimages - Festivals - Ashramas - Samskaras - Traditions

8. Other Aspects: Sanskrit - Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy

Green Corner: >>



Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,
May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And make the Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

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Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on Feb-2017

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