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Pilgrimages of Tamil Nadu - Kanchipuram district

  1. Kanchi overview & Ekambareswara Temple (Pancha Bhoota Sthalam representing Earth)
  2. Kanchi Shakti Peetha (Shakti Peetha)
  3. Thirukkachchi Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  4. Thiru Ashtabhuyakaram Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  5. Thiru Vekka Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  6. Thiru Velukkai Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  7. Thiruthanka Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  8. Thirukkalvanoor Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  9. Thiru Ooragam Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  10. Thiru Neeragam Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  11. Thiru Kaaragam Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  12. Thirukkaar Vaanam Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  13. Thiruparameshwara Vinnagaram Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  14. Thiru Pavala Vannan Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  15. Thiru Nilathingal Thundam Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  16. Thiru Padagam Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  17. Thiruputkuzhi Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  18. Thiruneermalai Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  19. Thiruvedanthai Divya Desam (Divya Desam)
  20. Thiru Kadalmalai Divya Desam (Divya Desam)


Kanchipuram:

Devi Kamakshi, Kanchipuram Kanchi Ekambareshwara Kanchi Ekambareshwara Temple Sri Varadaraja Swamy, Kanchipuram Sri Varadaraja Swamy Temple, Kanchipuram - Mukti Puri: Kanchipuram is one of the 7 Mukti Puris known by the ancient name of Kanchi.
(Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Pancha Bhoota Sthalam: Kanchipuram has one of the Pancha Bhoota Sthalams, the Ekambareswara temple representing the Prithivi Lingam (Earth).
(Pancha Bhoota Sthalams are: Kanchipuram Ekambareswara [Prithivi Lingam], Thiruvanaikaval Jambukeswara [Jala Lingam], Thiruvannamalai Arunachaleswara [Agni Lingam], Srikalahasti Srikalahasteeswara [Vayu Lingam], Chidambaram Nataraja [Akasha Lingam])

- Ekambareswara Temple: The legend of Ekambareswara temple is associated with the penance of Devi Parvati. According to legend, once when Lord Shiva was engaged in the task of creation etc., Devi Parvati in a jocular mood closed His eyes from behind. This led to a halt in the natural process. Shiva became angry and cursed Devi Parvati to go to earth and perform penance to expitiate her misdeed. Accordingly, Devi Parvati came to present Kanchipuram on the banks of river Kampa. She created a Shiva Lingam out of sand (Parthiva Linga), under a mango tree and started worshipping Lord Shiva. Shiva tested her devotion by creating various obstacles in Her penance. She overcame them. Finally Lord Shiva released river Ganga from His matted hair to wash off the Lingam. Devi Parvati clasped it tightly to Her bosom and protected it. Lord Shiva was pleased. He gave darshan to Devi Parvati and took Her back as His consort. The marriage of Shiva and Parvati is celebrated here in the month of Phalguni on the 10th day of Uttiram.

- Shakti Peetha: Kanchipuram has one of the 51 Shakti Peethas known as Kanchi Shakti Peetha.
(Refer to the list of Shakti Peethas - Refer to Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Divya Desams: Kanchipuram has several Divya Desams:
Thirukkachchi - Thiru Ashtabhuyakaram - Thiru Vekka - Thiru Velukkai - Thiruthanka - Thirukkalvanoor - Thiru Ooragam - Thiru Neeeragam - Thiru Kaaragam - Thirukkaar Vaanam - Thiruparameshwara Vinnagaram - Thiru Pavala Vannan - Thiru Nilathingal Thundam - Thiru Paadagam - Thiruputkuzhi

- Kanchipuram is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.


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Devi Devagarbha at Kanchi Shakti Peetha:

Devi Kamakshi, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu Devi Kamakshi temple, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu Puranic Event:
Devi's Kankaala (Skeleton) fell at Kanchi where She is known as Devagarbha and the Bhairava is called Ruru.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)


Pilgrimage:
The Kanchi Shakti Peetha is identified with the Devi Kamakshi temple at Kanchipuram in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu. The Shakti Peetha is normally identified with the Adi Kamakshi temple of Kanchipuram. There is also a temple in Bolpur, West Bengal which is identified with this Shakti Peetha.

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Thirukkachchi Divya Desam - Sri Varadaraja Swamy Temple:

Thirukkachchi Divya Desam Thirukkachchi Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu gave darshan to Lord Brahma who performed an ashwamedha yagya in the Hastigiri hillock of Kanchipuram. Earlier, Lord Brahma had performed penance to have darshan of Sri Vishnu in his Caturbhuja rupa. Initially Sri Vishnu gave darshan as sacred water and then as forest. However Brahma was not satisfied and continued the penance. Then a divine voice told him to perform hundred ashwamedha yagyas. Brahma further prayed to Sri Vishnu Who then directed him to perform only one ashwamedha yagya at the holy place of Kanchipuram (whose fruit would be equal to hundred ashwamedha yagyas). Lord Brahma performed this ashwamedha yagya in the Hastigiri hillock of Kanchipuram.

The God is Sri Varadharaja Perumal and the Goddess is Sri Perundevi Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thirukkachchi Divya Desam is located in the Hastigiri hillock in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Ashtabhuyakaram Divya Desam - Sri Ashtabhuja Perumal Temple:

Thiru Ashtabhuyakaram Divya Desam Thiru Ashtabhuyakaram Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to a legend, Sri Vishnu assumed the form of Ashtabhuja (with eight arms) in order to kill a demon named Sarabha and protect a yagya of Lord Brahma. Lord Brahma was earlier performing a yagya of Sri Vishnu, but Goddess Saraswati (due to a dispute with Lord Brahma) tried to create obstacles to the yagya by sending demons. She finally sent a peculiar ferocious beast called Sarabha. Lord Vishnu manifested with eight arms holding Chakra, Sword, Lotus, Flower, Arrow, Sankha, Bow, Shield and Mace, and killed the demon.

It is also believed that this is the place where Lord rushed to the rescue of elephant Gajendra, when its leg was caught by a crocodile.

The God is Sri Aadhikesava Perumal and the Goddess is Sri Pushpakavalli Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiru Ashtabhuyakaram Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Vekka Divya Desam - Sri Yathokthkari Swamy Temple:

Thiru Vekka Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to a legend, Sri Vishnu lied down on the path of river Vegavati in the posture of Bhujagasayana in order to protect a yagya of Brahma. Lord Brahma was performing a yagya to have a darshan of Sri Vishnu but Goddess Saraswati (due to a dispute with Lord Brahma) tried to inundate the yagya sthala taking the form of river Vegavati. Sri Vishnu assumed the form of Bhujagasayana (lying on Adisesha) and protected the yagya.

According to another legend, Sri Vishnu agreeing to the request of His ardent devotee Bakthisarar left Kanchipuram. Bakthisarar decided to leave Kanchipuram when his disciple and sincere devotee (of Sri Vishnu) Kakikannan was banished by the king of Kanchi from the city. Kanikannan had refused to sing hymns praising the king, since his poetry was meant only for singing the glories of Sri Vishnu. Since the Lord acceded to the wishes of His devotee Bakthisarar, He came to be known as Yathoktakari ("Yathokta" means as requested and "Kari" means doer).

The God is Sri Yathothakaari and the Goddess is Sri Komalavalli Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiru Vekka Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Velukkai Divya Desam - Sri Azhagiya Singar Perumal Temple:

Thiru Velukkai Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu assumed the form of Narasimha to fight with a kapalika and protect a yagya of Lord Brahma. Earlier, Lord Brahma was performing a yagya of Sri Vishnu but Goddess Saraswati (due to a dispute with Lord Brahma) tried to create obstacles to the yagya by sending a kapalika. Sri Vishnu assumed the form of Narasimha and killed the kapalika.

"Vel" means desire or wish and "Irukkai" means the place where He stays. So Velukkai means the place where the Lord stays out of His own desire.

The God is Sri Azhagiya Singar Perumal and the Goddess is Sri Amruthavalli Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiru Velukkai Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiruthanka Divya Desam - Sri Deepaprakasa Swamy Temple:

Thiruthanka Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to a legend, Sri Vishnu appeared here as a lamp (deepa), hence the name Deepaprakasa.

According to another legend, Sri Vishnu transformed a destructive fire into a lamp (deepa) in order to protect a yagya of Brahma. Lord Brahma was performing a yagya to have a darshan of Sri Vishnu but Goddess Saraswati (due to a dispute with Lord Brahma) was creating hurdles in that yagya by her supernatural powers. When she created a destructive fire to destroy the yagya, Sri Vishnu transformed that fire into a lamp, hence the name Deepaprakasa. The lamp is considered as the onset of divine illumination as a result of worship.

The God is Sri Deepa Prakasar Perumal and the Goddess is Sri Maragathavalli Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiruthanka Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thirukkalvanoor Divya Desam - Sri Aadhi Varaha Perumal Temple:

Thirukkalvanoor Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Goddess Lakshmi referred to Sri Vishnu as "Kalva" (lovable thief) when He approached Her stealthily at Gayatri Mandapam inside the Kamakshi temple of Kanchipuram. Sri Vishnu was repenting for a curse He gave to Goddess Lakshmi to lose Her beauty. Thereafter Goddess Kamakshi had directed Her (Lakshmi) to stay at Gayatri Mandapam of Kamakshi temple in order to get back Her beauty by the kumkuma offered by the devotees. Goddess Lakshmi in turn blesses the devotees with prosperity.

Pilgrimage:
The Thirukkalvanoor Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Ooragam Divya Desam - Sri Ulagalantha Perumal Temple:

Ulagalanda Perumal Thiru Ooragam Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu assumed the form of Trivikrama (Ulagalanda Perumal) from the dwarf form of Vamana Avatara during the yagya of king Bali. The Ulagalanda Perumal idol is nearly 35 feet in height. The Lord is known as Peragathan. To enable king Bali to see Him in smaller size, the Lord assumed a diminutive form resting on the Adisesha. This shrine is known as Ooragam (Snake). The two shrines Peragam and Ooragam (Lord Peragathan and Uragathan) are always taken together and represent a single Divya Desam.

Pilgrimage:
The Thiru Ooragam Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Neeragam Divya Desam - Sri Jagadeeshwarar Perumal Temple:

Thiru Neeragam Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu appeared before Markandeya Rishi in the form of a small child sitting on a banyan leaf during pralaya. Markandeya Rishi performed penance on the banks of Badra Nadhi and prayed to Sri Vishnu to show him the pralaya sight. This Divya Desam is within the Ulagalanda Perumal temple. The Divya Desam has only Utsavar but no Moolavar.

The God is Sri Neeragathan or Jagadeeswara Perumal and the Goddess is Sri Nilamangai Nachiar Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiru Neeragam Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Kaaragam Divya Desam - Sri Karunakara Perumal Temple:

Thiru Kaaragam Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu gave darshan to Niketana rishi. This Divya Desam is located within the Ulagalanda Perumal temple.

The God is Sri Karunakara Perumal and the Goddess is Sri Padmamani Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiru Kaaragam Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thirukkaar Vaanam Divya Desam - Sri Thirukkaar Vaanar Perumal Temple:

Thirukkaar Vaanam Divya Desam Thirukkaar Vaanam Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu gave darshan in this form to Parvati, Mahabali and Ashwatthama. This Divya Desam is located within the Ulagalanda Perumal temple.

The God is Sri Thirukkaar Vaanar Perumal (Navaneeta Chora) and the Goddess is Sri Komalavalli Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thirukkaar Vaanam Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiruparameshwara Vinnagaram Divya Desam - Sri Vaikunda Perumal Temple:

Thiruparameshwara Vinnagaram Divya Desam Thiruparameshwara Vinnagaram Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu gave darshan to his two dwarapalas Pallavan and Villavan who were performing a yagya. Pallavan and Villavan were born as sons of Virosana maharaja of Vidarbha desam, when he prayed to Lord Kailashanatha of Kanchi.

Pilgrimage:
The Thiruparameshwara Vinnagaram Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Pavala Vannan Divya Desam - Sri Pavalavannar Temple:

Thiru Pavala Vannan Divya Desam Thiru Pavala Vannan Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu gave darshan to Bhrigu Maharshi as Pavalavannar, the form of Sri Vishnu at Vaikuntha, resting on Adisesha. Bhrigu Maharshi had performed penance at Kanchipuram to atone his sins of kicking Sri Vishnu on the chest while testing the trinity. Sri Vishnu Himself suggested Bhrigu Maharshi to go to Kanchipuram to perform penance.

The God is Sri Pavala Vannar and the Goddess is Sri Pavalavalli Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiru Pavala Vannan Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Nilathingal Thundam Divya Desam - Nilathingal Thundathan Perumal Temple:

Thiru Nilathingal Thundam Divya Desam Thiru Nilathingal Thundam Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to a legend, the cool rays of moon gave comfort to Sri Vishnu during Samudra Manthana (churning of the milky ocean) when the oppressing heat of the halahala poison was spreading.

According to another legend, Sri Vishnu assumed the form of Vishwaroopa to protect the penance of Devi Parvati at Kanchipuram. Devi Parvati was performing penance in Kanchipuram worshipping a sand lingam. To test her devotion Lord Shiva sent flood waters. Sri Vishnu assumed the form of Vishwaroopa and prevented the flood waters. Then He asked Devi Parvati to embrace the sand lingam and prevent it from dissolving. It is said that when Sri Vishnu assumed the form of Vishwaroopa the rays of moon fell directly on His throat. So He is known as Sri Nilathingal Thunda Perumal.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiru Nilathingal Thundam Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Padagam Divya Desam - Sri Pandavadootha Swamy Temple:

Thiru Padagam Divya Desam Thiru Padagam Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Janamejaya (great grandson of Arjuna) and Rishi Hareeta performed penance here to have a darshan of Sri Vishnu as Pandavadootha, the form in which the Lord went as an envoy to Kauravas to prevent the war between the Pandavas and Kauravas.

Pilgrimage:
The Thiruppadagam Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiruputkuzhi Divya Desam - Sri Vijayaraghava Perumal Temple:

Thiruputkuzhi Divya Desam Thiruputkuzhi Divya Desam Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Rama performed the last rites of Jatayu in Thiruputkuzhi. In front of the temple, there is Jatayu Pushkarini. This is also the place where Yadava Prakasa, the teacher of Sri Ramanuja lived.

The God is Sri Vijayaraghava Perumal and the Goddess is Sri Maragathavalli Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiruputkuzhi Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiruneermalai Divya Desam - Sri Ranganatha Perumal Temple & Sri Neervanna Perumal Temple:

Sri Vishnu Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu gave darshan to rishi Valmiki here. Rishi Valmiki came to Thiruneermalai and had the darshan of Lord Ranganatha Swamy at the top of the hill. He then came down and before worshipping the deity at the foot of the hill, washed his feet near the tank and prayed to Lord Rama. It is said that Lord Ranganatha came down from the top of the hill and gave darshan to the rishi as Sri Rama along with Devi Sita (Lakshmi), Lakshmana (Adisesha), Bharata (Chakra), Satrunghna (Conch), Sugreeva (Vishvakshena) and Anjaneyar (Garuda). Rishi Valmiki requested Lord Rama to stay in that place to bless other devotees.

The God is Sri Ranganatha Perumal and Sri Neervanna Perumal.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiruneermalai Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiruvedanthai Divya Desam - Sri Nitya Kalyana Perumal Temple:

Sri Vishnu Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu in the disguise of a brahmachari married 360 daughters of Kalva rishi, one on each day extending to nearly a year. On the final day the Lord transformed all the maidens in one, and appeared in the form of Varahamurti with His consort on the left side. Since the Lord married one maiden everyday, He is known as Nitya Kalyana Perumal ("Nitya" means daily and "Kalyana" means marriage).

The God is Sri Nitya Kalyana Perumal and Goddess is Kamalavalli Thayar.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiruvedanthai Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Thiru Kadalmalai (Mahabalipuram) Divya Desam - Sri Sthala Sayana Perumal Temple:

Sri Vishnu Puranic Event:
According to legend, Sri Vishnu gave darshan to Pundarika rishi in the form of Sthala Sayana Perumal lying on bare earth, reclining on His right arm, and stretching His left hand pointing towards His feet (as if to indicate that He is the final refuge). Pundarika rishi had earlier intended to worship the Lord with beautiful lotus flowers which he had seen in a pool between Thiruvidanthai and Mamallapuram. A voice from the heaven confirmed the intention of the rishi saying that he should worship the Lord with these flowers where the Lord is lying in His reclining posture in the sea of milk. The rishi proceeded towards the east and came across the sea. In order to cross the sea, he decided to empty it by removing water with his hands. Raising an embankment near the sea, he did this for nearly one year. He was worried that the lotus flowers which he collected on the shore would dry up. The rishi mentally prayed to the Lord who came in the guise of an old brahmin. The old brahmin initially tested the resolve of the rishi to worship the Lord. Then he asked him to bring some food and water. The rishi went to Mamallapuram, begged some food and when he came back to the brahmin, the brahmin assumed the form of the Lord and gave darshan to Pundarika rishi in the form of Sthala Sayana Perumal.

The God is Sri Sthala Sayana Perumal.


Pilgrimage:
The Thiru Kadalmalai (Mahabalipuram) Divya Desam is located in the Kanchipuram district of Tamil Nadu.

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Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha - Hanuman - Gurudeva - Gayatri
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - (Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) - Parvati
Others: Murugan - Surya - Ganga - Yamuna - Narmada - Others
Final: Vedas - Brahman

2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - Lakshmi - (Parvati - Shakambari)
Others: Murugan - Ganga

3. Sadhana: Sadhana - Hermitages - Penances

4. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints

5. Sacred Geography: Forests - Mountains - Rivers - Lakes

6. Puranas: Scriptures

7. Religious Life: Stotras - Puja - Pilgrimages - Festivals - Varnashramas - Samskaras - Traditions

8. Other Aspects: Sanskrit - Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy

Green Corner: >>



Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,
May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And make the Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

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Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on May-2017

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