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Home > Bharatavarsha > Pilgrimages by States > Pilgrimages of Uttar Pradesh

Pilgrimages of Uttar Pradesh

  1. Kashi (City created by Lord Shiva - Mukti Puri, Vishwanath Jyotirlinga and Varanasi Shakti Peetha)
  2. Ayodhya (Birthplace and Kingdom of Sri Rama - Mukti Puri, Thiru Ayodhi Divya Desam)
  3. Mathura (Birthplace of Sri Krishna - Mukti Puri, Thiru Vadamathura Divya Desam)
  4. Naimisharanya (Swayam Vyakta Kshetra)
  5. Gokul (Where Sri Krishna grew up - Thiruvaaipadi Divya Desam)
  6. Vrindavana (Where Sri Krishna played His Raasa Leela - Thiruvaaipadi Divya Desam)
  7. Chitrakoota (Where Sri Rama stayed during forest exile and Ramagiri Shakti Peetha)


Mukti Puris:

1. Kashi:

Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Kashi Annapoorna Kashi Kalabhairava Ganga Aarti, Kashi - Mukti Puri: Kashi is one of the 7 Mukti Puris.
(Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Jyotirlinga: Kashi is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas known as Vishwanath Jyotirlinga.
(The Jyotirlingas are: Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar, Vaidyanath, Bhimashankar, Rameshwaram, Nageshwar, Vishwanath, Tryambakeshwar, Kedarnath and Grishneshwar - Refer to the Jyotirlinga sloka)

- Shakti Peetha: Kashi is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas known as Varanasi Shakti Peetha.
(Refer to the list of Shakti Peethas - Refer to Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Annapoorna Temple: The Annapoorna Devi Temple is located near the Kashi Vishwanath Temple in the Vishwanath lane. Devi Annapoorna is the Goddess of food. Food is served to all devotees daily as prasad in the temple. The festival of Annakut is an important festival associated with the Annapoorna Temple. The festival is performed for three days and only on these days the golden image of Mother Annapoorna is opened for darshan. The festival falls on Karthik Shukla Pratipada.

- Kalabhairava Temple: The Kalabhairava Temple is located in the Visheshwarganj in Kashi, around a km away from the Kashi Vishwanath temple. Kalabhairava is a fearsome aspect of Shiva associated with kala or death. He is considered as the kotwal (guardian angel) of Varanasi. The image of Kalabhairava is shown sitting on his dog vehicle and holding a trident. The silver face of the deity is only revealed and the rest of the body is covered with cloth. This temple was once a popular place of worship mainly by tantriks and ascetics. Now it is visited and patronized by general public as well.

- Ganga Arati: Kashi is the place where the holy river Ganga flows. The famous Ganga Arati is held in Kashi every evening in the Dashashwamedh Ghat.

- Kashi is located in the Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh.




2. Ayodhya:

Sri Rama - Mukti Puri: Ayodhya is one of the 7 Mukti Puris.
(Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Divya Desam: Ayodhya is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thiru Ayodhi Divya Desam.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- Birthplace of Sri Rama: Ayodhya is the birthplace of Sri Rama.

- Kingdom of Sri Rama: Ayodhya is the kingdom of Sri Rama.

- Ayodhya is located in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh.




3. Mathura:

Birth of Sri Krishna Krishna Janmasthan Temple at Mathura Yamuna Aarti, Mathura - Mukti Puri: Mathura is one of the 7 Mukti Puris.
(Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Divya Desam: Mathura is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thiru Vadamathura Divya Desam.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- Birthplace of Sri Krishna: Mathura is the birthplace of Sri Krishna.
(Refer to Sri Krishna and Mathura).

- Yamuna Arati: Mathura is the place where the holy river Yamuna flows. The Yamuna Arati is held in Mathura during the evening in the Vishram Ghat.

- Mathura is located in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.


Sri Krishna & Mathura:

Sri Krishna Krishna Janmasthan Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh Potara Kund, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
1. Sri Krishna appears from Devaki at night (in the prison of Kamsa) when it was very dark. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
2. Sri Krishna appears in the divine form of Vishnu. He had beautiful lotus-like eyes and four hands holding the Sankha, Chakra, Gada and Padma. On His chest was the mark of Srivatsa and He was wearing the brilliant Kaustubha gem around His neck. His body was dark like cloud and He was adorned with various ornaments. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
3. Sri Krishna after instructing Devaki and Vasudeva to constantly think of Him, assumes the form of a child. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)


Pilgrimage:
1. Krishna Janmasthan Temple: The location of the prison of Kamsha in which Sri Krishna was born from Devaki is identified with Krishna Janmasthan or Krishna Janambhoomi temple of Mathura, in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Inside this temple is an enclosed room which identifies the prison of Kamsha and a slab which identifies the exact place where Sri Krishna was born.
2. Potara Kund: Near the Krishna Janmasthan Temple is the Potara Kund in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh which is said to be the place where the clothes of baby Krishna was washed after His birth in prison.



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Swayam Vyakta Kshetra:

Naimisharanya:

- Swayam Vyakta Kshetra: Naimisharanya is one of the 8 Swayam Vyakta Kshetras It is an ancient forest where many puranas were told among large congregation of sages.
(Swayam Vyakta Kshetras are: Srirangam, Tirumala, Sri Mushnam, Thotadri, Shalagram, Pushkara, Naimisharanya, Badrinath)



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Jyotirlinga:

Vishwanath Jyotirlinga:

Sri Vishwanath Jyotirlinga, Kasi or Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh Sri Vishwanath Jyotirlinga, Kasi or Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
The Vishwanath Jyotirlinga is situated in Kashi. Even before creation, Lord Shiva built a beautiful city for Prakriti and Purusha to perform penance. Lord Vishnu meditated there and as a result streams of water kept flowing. A gem from the ear of Vishnu fell on the ground which became the great pilgrim center known as Manikarnika. Manikarnika kept flowing as water for five koshas. Lord Shiva held it on the tip of his trident and that became the city of Kashi. Subsequently Lord Brahma created the other worlds. After a day of Brahma, Kashi does not get destroyed but is held on the tip of the trident of Lord Shiva.
(from Shiva Purana, Koti-Rudra Samhita - Ch 22)


Pilgrimage:
The Vishwanath Jyotirlinga is identified with the Vishwanath temple in Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh. The temple is situated on the bank of river Ganga. The ancient city of Varanasi has many ghats on the Ganga river. The Dashahwamedh Ghat is close to the Kasi Vishwanatha temple.

For more details refer to Vishwanath Jyotirlinga from Shiva Purana.



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Shakti Peethas:

1. Devi Lalitha at Prayaga Shakti Peetha:

Devi Alopi, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh Devi Alopi temple, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh Devi Lalita, Mirapur, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
Devi's Anguli Vrinda (Group of Fingers) fell at Prayaga where She is known as Lalitha and the Bhairava is called Bhavah.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)


Pilgrimage:
The Prayaga Shakti Peetha is identified two temples. The first is the Devi Alopi temple at Allahabad in the Allahabad district of Uttar Pradesh. The temple does not have any idol. A wooden jhula above a marble platform is considered the goddess. The second is the Lalita Devi temple in the Mirapur locality. It has an ancient Pipal tree in its compound.. Prayaga lies in the confluence of rivers Ganga, Yamuna and hidden Saraswati.



2. Devi Shivani at Ramagiri Shakti Peetha:

Chitrakoot Dham, Uttar Pradesh Devi Sharada temple, Maihar, Satna, Madhya Pradesh Puranic Event:
Devi's Stana (Breast) fell at Ramagiri where She is known as Shivani and the Bhairava is called Canda.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)


Pilgrimage:
The Ramagiri Shakti Peetha is identified with Ramagiri at Chitrakoot in Chitrakoot district of Uttar Pradesh. Apart from this temple, the Sharada temple in Maihar, Satna district of Madhya Pradesh is also attributed to this Shakti Peetha. The temple is on top of the Trikuta hill. Satna district is the Madhya Pradesh side of the ancient Chitrakoot.



3. Devi Vishalakshi at Varanasi Shakti Peetha:

Devi Vishalakshi, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh Ghats at Kashi near the temple Puranic Event:
Devi's Kundala (Ear-Ring) fell at Varanasi where She is known as Vishalakshi and the Bhairava is called Kalabhairava.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)


Pilgrimage:
The Varanasi Shakti Peetha is identified with the Devi Vishalakshi temple at Varanasi (or Kashi) in Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh. The Shakti Peetha is located on the bank of river Ganga, near the Mir Ghat at Varanasi. Another ghat known as Manikarnika Ghat is identified with the place where the ear-rings of Devi fell.



4. Devi Uma at Vrindavana Shakti Peetha:

Bhuteshwar Mahadev temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
Devi's Keshajaala (the tresses of Hair) fell at Vrindavana where She is known as Uma and the Bhairava is called Bhutesha.
(from Peetha Nirnaya texts)


Pilgrimage:
The Vrindavana Shakti Peetha is identified with the Bhuteshwar Mahadev temple on the Mathura - Vrindavan road in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.


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Divya Desams:

1. Thiru Ayodhi Divya Desam (Ayodhya): Refer above



2. Thiru Vadamathura Divya Desam (Mathura): Refer above



3. Thiruvaaipadi (Aayarpadi) Divya Desam (Gokul & Vrindavana):

Gokul and Vrindavana:

Rasa Leela of Sri Krishna - Divya Desam: Gokul and Vrindavana is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thiruvaaipadi Divya Desam.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- Gokul and Vrindavana are located in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.


Sri Krishna & Mahavan:

Putana Temple, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta Sri Krishna shows the whole universe inside His mouth Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from curse Nanda Bhavan, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
1. Sri Krishna inspires Vasudeva to exchange Him with the daughter of Nanda Maharaj of Gokul. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
2. Sri Krishna kills demoness Putana. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.6)
3. Sri Krishna overturns a handcart. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
4. Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
5. Sri Krishna grows up; Garga Muni performs the naming ceremony secretly. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
6. Sri Krishna eats mud; shows mother Yashoda the entire universe within His mouth. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
8. Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from the curse of becoming Arjuna trees. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.10)
9. Sri Krishna makes a woman fruit-seller rich. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)


Pilgrimage:
The above incidents took place in Gokul in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Two places are identified with Gokul where Sri Krishna was brought up by Yashoda. The Mahavan (or old Gokul) and the Gokul (or new Gokul). Both places have Nanda Bhavan. The Nanda Bhavan at Mahavan is also known as Chaurasi Khamba temple due to its 84 pillars. The Nanda Bhavan at Gokul is called Nanda-Yashoda Bhavan.

Sri Krishna & Gokul:

Putana Temple, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta Sri Krishna shows the whole universe inside His mouth Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from curse Nanda Bhavan, Gokul, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
1. Sri Krishna inspires Vasudeva to exchange Him with the daughter of Nanda Maharaj of Gokul. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
2. Sri Krishna kills demoness Putana. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.6)
3. Sri Krishna overturns a handcart. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
4. Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
5. Sri Krishna grows up; Garga Muni performs the naming ceremony secretly. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
6. Sri Krishna eats mud; shows mother Yashoda the entire universe within His mouth. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
8. Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from the curse of becoming Arjuna trees. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.10)
9. Sri Krishna makes a woman fruit-seller rich. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)


Pilgrimage:
The above incidents took place in Gokul in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Two places are identified with Gokul where Sri Krishna was brought up by Yashoda. The Mahavan (or old Gokul) and the Gokul (or new Gokul). Both places have Nanda Bhavan. The Nanda Bhavan at Mahavan is also known as Chaurasi Khamba temple due to its 84 pillars. The Nanda Bhavan at Gokul is called Nanda-Yashoda Bhavan.

Sri Krishna & Vrindavan:

Sri Krishna and Vrindavana forest Sri Krishna kills demon Bakasura Sri Krishna subdues serpent Kaliya Kaliya Ghat, Vrindavana, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Chir Ghat, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Sri Krishna Rasa Leela Sevakunj, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Nidhivan, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
1. Sri Krishna kills a demon in Vrindavana who had assumed the form of a calf. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)
2. Sri Krishna kills demon Bakasura. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)
3. Sri Krishna kills demon Aghasura. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.12)
4. Sri Krishna plays with the cowherd boys in Vrindavan. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.15)
5. Sri Krishna and Balarama kills Dhenukasura and other ass-demons. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.15)
6. Sri Krishna frees the river Yamuna from the poisonous serpent Kaliya. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.16)
7. Sri Krishna and Balarama eliminates demon Pralamba. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.18)
8. Sri Krishna swallows forest fire. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.19)
9. Sri Krishna steals the garments of the gopis. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.22)
10. Sri Krishna performs the dance of Rasa with the gopis. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.33)


Pilgrimage:
1. Kaliya Ghat: The place where Sri Krishna subdued serpent Kaliya is identified with the Kaliya Ghat of Vrindavan in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. The river Yamuna has drifted over the centuries and does not flow near this ghat.
2. Chir Ghat: The place where Sri Krishna stole the clothes of the gopis is identified with Chir Ghat in Vrindavan in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. There is an ancient tree in Chir Ghat which people believe to be the same tree which Krishna climbed and hid the clothes of the gopis.
3. Sevakunj and Nidhivan: These groves are identified with the places where Sri Krishna enjoyed His pastimes with the gopis and performed Rasa Leela. Previously both are likely to have been part of a single forest. It is believed that every night Sri Krishna and Radharani still come here to enjoy their divine pastimes. Both places have a Rang Mahal which serves as a resting place after the divine leela. Sevakunj has a Lalitha Kund created by Sri Krishna to quench the thirst of Lalitha, a companion of Sri Radha. Nidhivan similarly has Vishakha Kund. Nidhivan has the samadhi of saint Haridas who composed and sung many songs on Sri Krishna.


Sri Krishna & Govardhan Hill:

Sri Krishna lifts Govardhan Hill Govardhan Hill, Govardhan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
Sri Krishna lifts the Govardhan Hill to save the people of Vrindavana from the fury of Indra's rains. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.25)

Pilgrimage:
Govardhan Hill: The Govardhan Hill is located in the Govardhan town in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.


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Other Famous Pilgrimages:

Chitrakoota:

Chitrakoot Dham - Where Sri Rama stayed during forest exile: Chitrakoota is the place where Sri Rama stayed during forest exile. This is described in Valmiki Ramayana.

- Shakti Peetha: Chitrakoota has one of the 51 Shakti Peethas known as Ramagiri Shakti Peetha.
(Refer to the list of Shakti Peethas - Refer to Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Chitrakoota is spread across the Chitrakoot district of Uttar Pradesh and Satna district of Madhya Pradesh.


Sri Rama & Chitrakoota Mountain:

Sri Kamtanath, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Sphatik Shila, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Ramghat, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Janki Kund, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Bharat Milap, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
1. Sri Rama hears about the Chitrakoota mountain from sage Bharadwaja. (Valmiki Ramayana 2.54 - 2.55)
2. Sri Rama visits the hermitage of sage Valmiki at Chitrakoota mountain (Valmiki Ramayana 2.56)
3. Sri Rama builds a Parna Shala (Leaf Hut) at Chitrakoota mountain during forest exile and lives there. The river Malyavati was flowing there. (Valmiki Ramayana 2.56)
4. Sri Rama describes the beauty of the Chitrakoota mountain to Devi Sita. (Valmiki Ramayana 2.94)
5. Sri Rama describes the beauty of river Mandakini to Devi Sita. (Valmiki Ramayana 2.95)
6. Sri Rama gives His paduka to Bharata at Chitrakoota. (Valmiki Ramayana 2.112)
7. Sri Rama visits the hermitage of sage Atri while leaving Chitrakoota (Valmiki Ramayana 2.117)


Pilgrimage:
Chitrakoota is spread across Uttar Pradesh (Chitrakoot district) and Madhya Pradesh (Satna district).
1. Kamadgiri Hill: Kamadgiri Hill in Chitrakoot is the place where Sri Rama, Lakshmana and Devi Sita is believed to have stayed during forest exile. It has the famous temple of Lord Kamtanath.
2. Sphatik Shila: Sphatik Shila are two huge reddish rocks in Chitrakoot hills which is believed to be the place from where Sri Rama and Devi Sita used to enjoy the beauty of Chitrakoot.
3. Lakshman Pahari: Lakshman Pahari is the place where Lakshmana is said to have stood guard to protect Rama and Sita.
4. Sita Rasoi: Sita Rasoi is the place where Devi Sita is believed to have cooked food.
5. Ram Ghat: Ram Ghat is the main bathing ghat of Chitrakoot on the bank of river Mandakini where Sri Rama is believed to have bathed.
6. Janki Kund: Janki Kund on the bank of river Payaswini is believed to be the bathing place of Devi Sita.
7. Raghav Prayag Ghat: Raghav Prayag Ghat near Ram Ghat on the bank of river Payaswini is believed to be the place where Sri Rama performed Pitri Tarpana during forest exile. It is also said to be the invisible confluence of rivers Mandakini, Payaswini and Gayatri or Savitri.
8. Bharat Milap temple: Bharat Milap temple is said to be the place where Bharata met Sri Rama and persuaded him to return to Ayodhya. Bharat Koop is a well where Bharata is believed to have poured waters of all the Tirthas which he has brought for Rama's coronation. It is around 20 km from Chitrakoot near Bharatpur village.
9. Hanuman Dhara: Hanuman Dhara is a cascade of waters falling from a natural spring over a natural rock image of Hanuman inside a cave.
10. Gupta Godavari: Gupta Godavari is a cave from where river Godavari emerges as a stream and then flowing down inside another cave disappears in the mountain.



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Pilgrimages by States:

North India: Jammu and Kashmir - Himachal Pradesh - Uttarakhand - Punjab - Haryana - Rajasthan - Uttar Pradesh

West India: Gujarat - Maharashtra

Central India: Madhya Pradesh

East India: Assam - Meghalaya - Tripura - Jharkhand - Odisha - West Bengal

South India: Karnataka - Andhra Pradesh - Kerala - Tamil Nadu



Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha - Hanuman - Gurudeva - Gayatri
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - (Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) - Parvati
Others: Murugan - Surya - Ganga - Yamuna - Narmada - Others
Final: Vedas - Brahman

2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - Lakshmi - (Parvati - Shakambari)
Others: Murugan - Ganga

3. Sadhana: Sadhana - Hermitages - Penances

4. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints

5. Sacred Geography: Forests - Mountains - Rivers - Lakes

6. Puranas: Scriptures

7. Religious Life: Stotras - Puja - Pilgrimages - Festivals - Varnashramas - Samskaras - Traditions

8. Other Aspects: Sanskrit - Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy

Green Corner: >>



Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,
May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And make the Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

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Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on Sep-2017

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