Green Message

Home > Bharatavarsha > Pilgrimages by States > Pilgrimages of Uttarakhand

Pilgrimages of Uttarakhand

  1. Haridwar: An ancient place known as Mayapuri which is a Mukti Puri as well as a place of Kumbha Mela in the foothills of the Uttarakhand Himalayas

  2. Dev Prayag (690 m): One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Bhagirathi which is also a Divya Desam

  3. Karna Prayag (788 m): One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Pindari

  4. Nanda Prayag (914 m): One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Nandakini

  5. Rudra Prayag (610 m): One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Mandakini

  6. Vishnu Prayag (1372 m): One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Dhauli Ganga

  7. Joshimath: A Divya Desam in Uttarakhand Himalayas

  8. Badrinath: An ancient pilgrimage of Vishnu known as Badrikashrama which is a Divya Desam as well as a Swayam Vyakta Kshetra located in the Uttarakhand Himalayas

  9. Kedarnath (3581 m): An ancient pilgrimage of Shiva which is a Jyotirlinga situated in ancient Badaryashrama located in the Uttarakhand Himalayas

  10. Gangotri (3140 m): The source of river Ganga in Uttarakhand Himalayas

  11. Yamunotri (3292 m): The source of river Yamuna in Uttarakhand Himalayas

  12. Jageshwar Mahadev (1870 m): A famous temple of Shiva identified with Nageshwar Jyotirlinga located in the Uttarakhand Himalayas



Haridwar (Mayapuri) in the foothills of the Uttarakhand Himalayas:

Haridwar Ganga Aarti, Haridwar - An ancient place known as Mayapuri which is a Mukti Puri as well as a place of Kumbha Mela in the foothills of the Uttarakhand Himalayas: Haridwar which was known as Mayapuri in ancient times is a Mukti Puri as well as a place of Kumbha Mela. It is located in the foothills of the Uttarakhand Himalayas where river Ganga first touches the plains.

- Mukti Puri: Haridwar is one of the 7 Mukti Puris known by the ancient name of Mayapuri.
(Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Place of Kumbha Mela: Haridwar is one of 4 places of Kumbha Mela. It is believed that drops of amrita (nectar) fell from the kumbha (urn) during samudra manthana. So here Kumbha Mela is held every twelve years. Also Ardha Kumbha Mela is held every six years.
(Places of Kumbha Mela are: Prayaga, Haridwar, Ujjain, Nashik)

- Ganga-Dwar & Ganga Arati: Haridwar is the place where river Ganga first touches the plains after flowing down from the Himalayas. So it is also known as Gangadwar or the gateway of Ganga. The famous Ganga Arati is held in Haridwar every evening in the Har-ki-Pauri when hundreds of lighted lamps are floated on the river Ganga.

- Hari-Dwar: Haridwar also means the gateway of Hari because the ascent to the Deva Bhoomi of Uttarakhand Himalayas starts from here. Starting from Haridwar, one undertakes the Char Dham Yatra of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri.

- Place of Daksha Yagya: According to Skanda Purana - Kedara Khanda, the Daksha Yagya was held in Kankhal in Haridwar. There is a Daksheswar Mahadev temple in Kankhal.

- Temples:
  • Maya Devi: In Haridwar, the temple of Maya Devi is believed to be a Shakti Peetha where the heart and navel of Devi Sati fell. So Haridwar is also called Mayapuri.
  • Chandi Devi: The temple of Chandi Devi located on top of Nila Parvat is believed to be the place where the Devi killed the demons Chanda and Munda.
  • Mansa Devi: There is also a famous temple of Devi Mansa.
  • Daksheswar Mahadev: There is a Daksheswar Mahadev temple in Kankhal.
- Haridwar is located in the Haridwar district of Uttarakhand.
.

go to top

Dev Prayag at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Bhagirathi in Uttarakhand Himalayas (690 m):

Dev Prayag - One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Bhagirathi which is also a Divya Desam: Dev Prayag (690 m) is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas. It is located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Bhagirathi. Dev Prayag is also a Divya Desams. It is said that Sri Rama and Lakshmana performed a yagya here to atone the killing of Ravana. There is a temple od Lord Raghunathji (1000 years old) and also Chandreshwar Mahadev. There are also shrines of Bhairava, Bhushandi, Durga and Vishveshvara. Dev Prayag has many kundas like Brahma Kunda (Bhagirathi), Vashistha Kunda (Alakananda), Baital Kunda, Surya Kunda, Indradyumna Tirtha, Pushyamal Tirtha, Varaha Tirtha etc. Dev Prayag is around 70 km from Rishikesh.

- Pancha Prayag: Dev Prayag is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas.
(Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand are: Dev Prayag, Karna Prayag, Nanda Prayag, Rudra Prayag and Vishnu Prayag)

- Divya Desam: Dev Prayag is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thirukkandam Divya Desam.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- River Alakananda: The river Alakananda arises from the Bhagirathi Kharak and Satopanth glaciers on the eastern slopes of Chaukhamba Massif. It flows past the famous Badrinath temple.

- River Bhagirathi: The river Bhagirathi arises from the Gangotri glacier at Gaumukh at the base of Shivling mountain. It flows past the famous Gangotri temple.

- Sacred to both Vaishnavites and Shaivites: The river Alakananda flows down from Badrinath (feet of Vishnu) and the river Bhagirathi from Gangotri (matted hair of Shiva). So this is a sacred pilgrimage for both Vaishnavites and Shaivites.

- Dev Prayag is located in the Tehri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand.


go to top

Karna Prayag at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Pindari in Uttarakhand Himalayas (788 m):

Karna Prayag - One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Pindari: Karna Prayag (788 m) is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas. It is located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Pindari. It is said that Karna (of Mahabharata) meditated in this on Suryadeva and obtained his Kavacha and Kundala. There is a temple dedicated to Karna. This is also said to be the meeting place of Shakuntala and king Dushyanta. Karna Prayag is around 32 km from Rudra Prayag and 171 km from Rishikesh.

- Pancha Prayag: Karna Prayag is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas.
(Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand are: Dev Prayag, Karna Prayag, Nanda Prayag, Rudra Prayag and Vishnu Prayag)

- River Alakananda: The river Alakananda arises from the Bhagirathi Kharak and Satopanth glaciers on the eastern slopes of Chaukhamba Massif. It flows past the famous Badrinath temple.

- River Pindari: The river Pindari arises from the Pindari glacier in Nanda Devi mountain.

- Karna Prayag is located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.


go to top

Nanda Prayag at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Nandakini in Uttarakhand Himalayas (914 m):

Nanda Prayag - One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Nandakini: Nanda Prayag (914 m) is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas. It is located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Nandakini. It is said that a king named Nanda performed a great yagya in this place. Nanda Prayag is around 22 km from Karna Prayag and 193 km from rishikesh

- Pancha Prayag: Nanda Prayag is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas.
(Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand are: Dev Prayag, Karna Prayag, Nanda Prayag, Rudra Prayag and Vishnu Prayag)

- River Alakananda: The river Alakananda arises from the Bhagirathi Kharak and Satopanth glaciers on the eastern slopes of Chaukhamba Massif. It flows past the famous Badrinath temple.

- River Nandakini: The river Nandakini arises from the slopes of Nanda Ghunti (6903 m) near the Nanda Devi sanctuary.

- Nanda Prayag is located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.


go to top

Rudra Prayag at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Mandakini in Uttarakhand Himalayas (610 m):

Rudra Prayag - One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Mandakini: Rudra Prayag (610 m) is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas. It is located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Mandakini. It is said that sage Narada worshipped Lord Shiva in this place to learn the finer points of music. There is a Narada Shila indicating the place where sage Narada meditated. There are ancient temples of Rudranath and Chamunda Devi in this place. The routes to Kedarnath and Badrinath bifurcates at Rudra Prayag. Rudra Prayag is around 70 km from Dev Prayag and 140 km from Rishikesh.

- Pancha Prayag: Rudra Prayag is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas.
(Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand are: Dev Prayag, Karna Prayag, Nanda Prayag, Rudra Prayag and Vishnu Prayag)

- River Alakananda: The river Alakananda arises from the Bhagirathi Kharak and Satopanth glaciers on the eastern slopes of Chaukhamba Massif. It flows past the famous Badrinath temple.

- River Mandakini: The river Mandakini arises from the Chorabari glacier near Kedarnath. It flows past the famous Kedarnath temple.

- Rudra Prayag is located in the Rudra Prayag district of Uttarakhand.


go to top

Vishnu Prayag at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Dhauli Ganga in Uttarakhand Himalayas (1372 m):

Vishnu Prayag - One of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Dhauli Ganga: Vishnu Prayag (1372 m) is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas. It is located at the confluence of rivers Alakananda and Dhauli Ganga. It is said that sage Narada meditated here and Lord Vishnu appeared before him. There is a small temple of Lord Vishnu near the sangam. Vishnu Prayag is around 14 km from Joshimath and 260 km from Rishikesh.

- Pancha Prayag: Vishnu Prayag is one of the Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand Himalayas.
(Pancha Prayag of Uttarakhand are: Dev Prayag, Karna Prayag, Nanda Prayag, Rudra Prayag and Vishnu Prayag)

- River Alakananda: The river Alakananda arises from the Bhagirathi Kharak and Satopanth glaciers on the eastern slopes of Chaukhamba Massif. It flows past the famous Badrinath temple.

- River Dhauli Ganga: The river Dhauli Ganga arises from a glacier of Nita Pass in Garhwal-Tibet border.

- Vishnu Prayag is located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.


go to top

Joshimath in Uttarakhand Himalayas:

- A Divya Desam in Uttarakhand Himalayas: Joshimath is one of the Divya Desam. It is located in the Uttarakhand Himalayas near Badrinath.

- Divya Desam: Joshimath is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thiruppirudhi Divya Desam.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- Math of Adi Shankaracharya: Joshimath is one of the four Maths established by Sri Adi Shankaracharya around the four directions of India. It is the Math in Northern India.
(Four Maths of Adi Shankara are: Joshimath in the North, Dwarka in the West, Puri in the East and Sringeri in the South)

- Joshimath is located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.


go to top

Badrinath (Badrikashrama) in Uttarakhand Himalayas:

Badrinath - An ancient pilgrimage of Vishnu known as Badrikashrama which is a Divya Desam as well as a Swayam Vyakta Kshetra located in the Uttarakhand Himalayas: Badrinath which was known as Badrikashrama in ancient times is a Divya Desam as well as a Swayam Vyakta Kshetra. It is located in the Uttarakhand Himalayas.

- Divya Desam: Badrinath is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thiruvadhari Ashramam.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- Swayam Vyakta Kshetra: Badrinath is one of the 8 Swayam Vyakta Kshetras.
(Swayam Vyakta Kshetras are: Sri Rangam, Tirumala, Sri Mushnam, Thotadri, Shalagram, Pushkara, Naimisharanya, Badrinath)

- All India Char Dham: Badrinath is one of the 4 All India Char Dhams.
(All India Char Dhams are: Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri, Rameshwaram)

- Uttarakhand Char Dham: Badrinath is one of the 4 Uttarakhand Char Dhams.
(Uttarakhand Char Dhams are: Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, Yamunotri)

- Badarikashrama Mahatmya: The Skanda Purana - Badarikashrama Mahatmya lists many holy places of Badrinath where Agni, Narada, Markandeya and Garuda had performed penances. Refer to excerpts from Badarikashrama Mahatmya.

- Penance of sages Nara and Narayana: According to Srimad Bhagavatam, Sri Vishnu in his incarnation as sages Nara and Narayana has been undergoing great penance since time immemorial for the welfare of the living beings.

- Badrinath is located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.


go to top

Kedarnath in Uttarakhand Himalayas (3581 m):

Sri Kedarnath Jyotirlinga, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand - An ancient pilgrimage of Shiva which is a Jyotirlinga situated in ancient Badaryashrama located in the Uttarakhand Himalayas: Kedarnath (3581 m) is an ancient pilgrimage of Shiva which is a Jyotirlinga. Shiva Purana mentions its location as Badaryashrama. Kedarnath is located in Uttarakhand Himalayas.

- Jyotirlinga: Kedarnath is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas.
(The Jyotirlingas are: Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar, Vaidyanath, Bhimashankar, Rameshwaram, Nageshwar, Vishwanath, Tryambakeshwar, Kedarnath and Grishneshwar)

- Reference in Shiva Purana: Kedarnath Jyotirlinga is mentioned in Shiva Purana. According to Shiva Purana Kedarnath is situated in Badaryashrama. Nara and Narayana, two incarnations of Lord Vishnu worshipped Lord Shiva there. Lord Shiva appeared before them and granted the boon of staying there as Jyotirlinga (from Shiva Purana, Koti-Rudra Samhita - Ch 19).

- Kedarnath is located in the Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand.


Kedarnath Jyotirlinga:

Sri Kedarnath Jyotirlinga, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand Sri Kedarnath Jyotirlinga, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand Puranic Event:
The Kedarnath Jyotirlinga is situated in Badaryashrama. Nara and Narayana, two incarnations of Lord Vishnu worshipped Lord Shiva here. Lord Shiva appeared before them and granted the boon of staying there as Jyotirlinga.
(from Shiva Purana, Koti-Rudra Samhita - Ch 19)

According to another legend, after the Kurukshetra battle the Pandavas wanted to meet Shiva and seek His blessings. But Lord Shiva evaded them again and again due to the unjust events of the battle. The Lord hid himself in Kedarnath in the form of a bull. But when the Pandavas pursued Him in Kedarnath, the Lord dived inside the ground leaving the hump on the surface. Lord Shiva reappeared at four other places which together form the Pancha Kedar (Hump at Kedarnath, Arms at Tunganath, Face at Rudranath, Navel at Madmaheshwar and locks with the head at Kalpeshwar).


Pilgrimage:
The Kedarnath Jyotirlinga is identified with the Kedarnath temple in Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand. The temple is located at an altitude of 3581 m.

For more details refer to Kedarnath Jyotirlinga from Shiva Purana.


go to top

Gangotri at the source of river Ganga in Uttarakhand Himalayas (3140 m):

Gangotri Temple - The source of river Ganga in Uttarakhand Himalayas: Gangotri (3140 m) is the source of river Ganga (Bhagirathi) in Uttarakhand Himalayas. The actual source is at the Gaumukh glacier a little further from Gangotri.

- Temples:
The temple of Devi Ganga is situated on the right bank of river Bhagirathi in the Gangotri village. There is a stone slab near the temple where king Bhagirath meditated to bring Ganga to earth. The stone slab is called Bhagirath Shila.

- Gangotri is located in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand.


go to top

Yamunotri at the source of river Yamuna in Uttarakhand Himalayas (3292 m):

Yamunotri - The source of river Yamuna in Uttarakhand Himalayas: Yamunotri (3292 m) is the source of river Yamuna in Uttarakhand Himalayas. The river actually flows from Kalindi Parvat in the Bandar Poonch range.

- Temples:
The temple of Devi Yamuna is situated here. One has to trek from Hanuman Chatti to Yamunotri, a distance of 13 km along the right bank of the river. The route on the left bank goes to Kharsali. Between Hanuman Chatti and Yamunotri is Markandeya Tirtha where Rishi Markandeya is believed to have written the Markandeya Purana.

- Yamunotri is located in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand.


go to top

Jageshwar Mahadev temple in Uttarakhand Himalayas (1870 m):

Jageshwar temple - A famous temple of Shiva identified with Nageshwar Jyotirlinga located in the Uttarakhand Himalayas: Jageshwar Mahadev (1870 m) is a famous temple of Shiva in Uttarakhand Himalayas which is identified with Nageshwar Jyotirlinga. The temple is situated in the confluence of streams Nandini and Surabhi which flow down the hills and meet here. It is a narrow and beautiful valley with dense cedar trees.

- Jyotirlinga: Jageshwar Mahadev temple is identified with Nageshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the 12 Jyotirlingas.
(The Jyotirlingas are: Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar, Vaidyanath, Bhimashankar, Rameshwaram, Nageshwar, Vishwanath, Tryambakeshwar, Kedarnath and Grishneshwar)

- Jageshwar is located in the Almora district of Uttarakhand.


Nageshwar Jyotirlinga:

Sri Nageshwara Jyotirlinga, Dwarka district, Gujrat & Hingoli district, Maharashtra & Almora district, Uttarakhand Sri Nageshwara Jyotirlinga, Dwarka district, Gujrat Aundha Nagnath Jyotirlinga, Hingoli district, Maharashtra Jageshwar Mahadev Temple, Almora district, Uttarakhand Puranic Event:
The Nageshwara Jyotirlinga is situated in Darukavana. Lord Shiva saved his disciple Supriya (a vaishya) from demon Daruka in this place. Daruka was very proud of his strength and harassed people. He imprisoned Supriya and other merchants. Supriya, a great devotee of Shiva, along with other merchants worshipped Shiva in the prison devoutedly. When the demons tried to kill him, Lord Shiva appeared before Supriya and gave him the Pasupata Astra, with which Supriya killed all the demons.
(from Shiva Purana, Koti-Rudra Samhita - Ch 30)


Pilgrimage 1:
The Nageshwar Jyotirlinga is identified with the Nageshwara temple on the coast of Saurashtra in the route between Dwarka city and island of Beyt Dwarka, in the Devbhoomi Dwarka district of Gujarat. It is believed that this is the Darukavana mentioned in the puranas.

Pilgrimage 2:
The Nageshwar Jyotirlinga is also identified with the Aundha Nagnath temple located in the Hingoli district of Maharashtra.

Pilgrimage 3:
The Nageshwar Jyotirlinga is further identified with The Jageshwar Mahadev temple (1870 m) in Almora district of Uttarakhand. This is located in a narrow and beautiful valley in the confluence of streams Nandini and Surabhi, which flow down the hills and meet here.

For more details refer to Nageshwar Jyotirlinga from Shiva Purana.


go to top


Pilgrimages by States:

North India: Jammu and Kashmir - Himachal Pradesh - Uttarakhand - Punjab - Haryana - Rajasthan - Uttar Pradesh

West India: Gujarat - Maharashtra

Central India: Madhya Pradesh

East India: Assam - Meghalaya - Tripura - Jharkhand - Odisha - West Bengal

South India: Karnataka - Andhra Pradesh - Kerala - Tamil Nadu



Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha - Hanuman - Gurudeva - Gayatri
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - (Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) - Parvati
Others: Murugan - Surya - Ganga - Yamuna - Narmada - Others
Final: Vedas - Brahman

2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - Lakshmi - (Parvati - Shakambari)
Others: Murugan - Ganga

3. Sadhana: Sadhana - Hermitages - Penances

4. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints

5. Sacred Geography: Forests - Mountains - Rivers - Lakes

6. Puranas: Scriptures

7. Religious Life: Stotras - Puja - Pilgrimages - Festivals - Varnashramas - Samskaras - Traditions

8. Other Aspects: Sanskrit - Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy

Green Corner: >>



Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,
May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And make the Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

Next >>

Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on Jun-2017

Disclaimer     Contact     Updates