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Vraja Bhoomi and life related



Vraj Bhoomi from Srimad Bhagavatam:

Sri Krishna The Vraj Bhoomi (or Braj Bhoomi) is considered to be the land of Sri Krishna. Sri Krishna took birth (incarnated) in this land, played His various divine plays including the famous Rasa Leela and made this land sacred. Vraj Bhoomi encompasses the sacred places of Mathura and Vrindavana as its core where the river Yamuna flows. The forests of Vrindavana (with cows and cowherds) and the river Yamuna are very intimately connected with Sri Krishna and His Vraja Bhoomi and has defined the sacred geography of Bharatavarsha.
  • Uttar Pradesh: Mathura - Mahavan - Gokul - Vrindavan - Govardhan

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Mathura:

Birth of Sri Krishna Krishna Janmasthan Temple at Mathura Yamuna Aarti, Mathura - Mukti Puri: Mathura is one of the 7 Mukti Puris.
(Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Divya Desam: Mathura is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thiru Vadamathura Divya Desam.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- Birthplace of Sri Krishna: Mathura is the birthplace of Sri Krishna.
(Refer to Sri Krishna and Mathura).

- Yamuna Arati: Mathura is the place where the holy river Yamuna flows. The Yamuna Arati is held in Mathura during the evening in the Vishram Ghat.

- Mathura is located in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.




Sri Krishna & Mathura:

Sri Krishna Krishna Janmasthan Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh Potara Kund, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
1. Sri Krishna appears from Devaki at night (in the prison of Kamsa) when it was very dark. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
2. Sri Krishna appears in the divine form of Vishnu. He had beautiful lotus-like eyes and four hands holding the Sankha, Chakra, Gada and Padma. On His chest was the mark of Srivatsa and He was wearing the brilliant Kaustubha gem around His neck. His body was dark like cloud and He was adorned with various ornaments. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
3. Sri Krishna after instructing Devaki and Vasudeva to constantly think of Him, assumes the form of a child. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)


Pilgrimage:
1. Krishna Janmasthan Temple: The location of the prison of Kamsha in which Sri Krishna was born from Devaki is identified with Krishna Janmasthan or Krishna Janambhoomi temple of Mathura, in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Inside this temple is an enclosed room which identifies the prison of Kamsha and a slab which identifies the exact place where Sri Krishna was born.
2. Potara Kund: Near the Krishna Janmasthan Temple is the Potara Kund in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh which is said to be the place where the clothes of baby Krishna was washed after His birth in prison.


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Gokul and Vrindavana:

Rasa Leela of Sri Krishna - Divya Desam: Gokul and Vrindavana is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thiruvaaipadi Divya Desam.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- Gokul and Vrindavana are located in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.



Sri Krishna & Gokul:

Putana Temple, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta Sri Krishna shows the whole universe inside His mouth Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from curse Nanda Bhavan, Gokul, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
1. Sri Krishna inspires Vasudeva to exchange Him with the daughter of Nanda Maharaj of Gokul. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
2. Sri Krishna kills demoness Putana. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.6)
3. Sri Krishna overturns a handcart. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
4. Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
5. Sri Krishna grows up; Garga Muni performs the naming ceremony secretly. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
6. Sri Krishna eats mud; shows mother Yashoda the entire universe within His mouth. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
8. Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from the curse of becoming Arjuna trees. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.10)
9. Sri Krishna makes a woman fruit-seller rich. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)


Pilgrimage:
The above incidents took place in Gokul in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Two places are identified with Gokul where Sri Krishna was brought up by Yashoda. The Mahavan (or old Gokul) and the Gokul (or new Gokul). Both places have Nanda Bhavan. The Nanda Bhavan at Mahavan is also known as Chaurasi Khamba temple due to its 84 pillars. The Nanda Bhavan at Gokul is called Nanda-Yashoda Bhavan.



Sri Krishna & Mahavan:

Putana Temple, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta Sri Krishna shows the whole universe inside His mouth Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from curse Nanda Bhavan, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
1. Sri Krishna inspires Vasudeva to exchange Him with the daughter of Nanda Maharaj of Gokul. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
2. Sri Krishna kills demoness Putana. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.6)
3. Sri Krishna overturns a handcart. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
4. Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
5. Sri Krishna grows up; Garga Muni performs the naming ceremony secretly. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
6. Sri Krishna eats mud; shows mother Yashoda the entire universe within His mouth. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
8. Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from the curse of becoming Arjuna trees. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.10)
9. Sri Krishna makes a woman fruit-seller rich. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)


Pilgrimage:
The above incidents took place in Gokul in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Two places are identified with Gokul where Sri Krishna was brought up by Yashoda. The Mahavan (or old Gokul) and the Gokul (or new Gokul). Both places have Nanda Bhavan. The Nanda Bhavan at Mahavan is also known as Chaurasi Khamba temple due to its 84 pillars. The Nanda Bhavan at Gokul is called Nanda-Yashoda Bhavan.



Sri Krishna & Vrindavan:

Sri Krishna and Vrindavana forest Sri Krishna kills demon Bakasura Sri Krishna subdues serpent Kaliya Kaliya Ghat, Vrindavana, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Chir Ghat, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Sri Krishna Rasa Leela Sevakunj, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Nidhivan, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
1. Sri Krishna kills a demon in Vrindavana who had assumed the form of a calf. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)
2. Sri Krishna kills demon Bakasura. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)
3. Sri Krishna kills demon Aghasura. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.12)
4. Sri Krishna plays with the cowherd boys in Vrindavan. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.15)
5. Sri Krishna and Balarama kills Dhenukasura and other ass-demons. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.15)
6. Sri Krishna frees the river Yamuna from the poisonous serpent Kaliya. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.16)
7. Sri Krishna and Balarama eliminates demon Pralamba. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.18)
8. Sri Krishna swallows forest fire. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.19)
9. Sri Krishna steals the garments of the gopis. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.22)
10. Sri Krishna performs the dance of Rasa with the gopis. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.33)


Pilgrimage:
1. Kaliya Ghat: The place where Sri Krishna subdued serpent Kaliya is identified with the Kaliya Ghat of Vrindavan in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. The river Yamuna has drifted over the centuries and does not flow near this ghat.
2. Chir Ghat: The place where Sri Krishna stole the clothes of the gopis is identified with Chir Ghat in Vrindavan in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. There is an ancient tree in Chir Ghat which people believe to be the same tree which Krishna climbed and hid the clothes of the gopis.
3. Sevakunj and Nidhivan: These groves are identified with the places where Sri Krishna enjoyed His pastimes with the gopis and performed Rasa Leela. Previously both are likely to have been part of a single forest. It is believed that every night Sri Krishna and Radharani still come here to enjoy their divine pastimes. Both places have a Rang Mahal which serves as a resting place after the divine leela. Sevakunj has a Lalitha Kund created by Sri Krishna to quench the thirst of Lalitha, a companion of Sri Radha. Nidhivan similarly has Vishakha Kund. Nidhivan has the samadhi of saint Haridas who composed and sung many songs on Sri Krishna.




Sri Krishna & Govardhan Hill:

Sri Krishna lifts Govardhan Hill Govardhan Hill, Govardhan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh Puranic Event:
Sri Krishna lifts the Govardhan Hill to save the people of Vrindavana from the fury of Indra's rains. (Srimad Bhagavatam 10.25)

Pilgrimage:
Govardhan Hill: The Govardhan Hill is located in the Govardhan town in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.

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Dwarka:

Sri Krishna - Mukti Puri: Dwarka is one of the 7 Mukti Puris.
(Sapta Mukti Puris are: Mathura, Ayodhya, Mayapuri, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika, Dwarka)

- Kingdom of Sri Krishna: Dwarka was the Kingdom of Sri Krishna.

- Divya Desam: Dwarka is one of the 108 Divya Desams known as Thiru Dwaraka.
(Refer to the list of Divya Desams)

- Jyotirlinga: Dwarka has one of the 12 Jyotirlingas known as Nageshwar Jyotirlinga (Note: There are other places also identifying with the Nageshwar Jyotirlinga).
(The Jyotirlingas are: Somnath, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwar, Omkareshwar, Vaidyanath, Bhimashankar, Rameshwaram, Nageshwar, Vishwanath, Tryambakeshwar, Kedarnath and Grishneshwar - Refer to the Jyotirlinga sloka)

- All India Char Dham: Dwarka is one of the 4 All India Char Dhams.
(All India Char Dhams are: Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri, Rameshwaram)

- Dwarka is located in the Devbhoomi Dwarka district of Gujarat.


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Kurukshetra:

Sri Krishna Devi Bhadrakali, Kurukshetra - Where Bhagavad Gita sermon was given: Kurukshetra is an ancient place mentioned in the puranas where Sri Krishna gave the sermon of Bhagavad Gita in the battle field of the Mahabharata.

- Shakti Peetha: Kurukshetra has one of the 51 Shakti Peethas known as Kurukshetra Shakti Peetha.
(Refer to the list of Shakti Peethas - Refer to Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Kurukshetra is located in the Kurukshetra district of Haryana.


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Prabhasa Kshetra:

Prabhasa Triveni Sangam - Where Sri Krishna gave up His body: Prabhasa Kshetra is the place where Sri Krishna gave up His body.

- Shakti Peetha: Prabhasa Kshetra has one of the 51 Shakti Peethas known as Prabhasa Shakti Peetha.
(Refer to the list of Shakti Peethas - Refer to Shakti Peetha Stotram)

- Prabhasa Kshetra is located in the Junagadh district of Gujarat.


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Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha - Hanuman - Gurudeva - Gayatri
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - (Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) - Parvati
Others: Murugan - Surya - Ganga - Yamuna - Narmada - Others
Final: Vedas - Brahman

2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - Lakshmi - (Parvati - Shakambari)
Others: Murugan - Ganga

3. Sadhana: Sadhana - Hermitages - Penances

4. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints

5. Sacred Geography: Forests - Mountains - Rivers - Lakes

6. Puranas: Scriptures

7. Religious Life: Stotras - Puja - Pilgrimages - Festivals - Varnashramas - Samskaras - Traditions

8. Other Aspects: Sanskrit - Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy

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Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,
May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And make the Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

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Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on Apr-2017

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