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Incarnations - from Shiva Purana

Group 1:
  1. Sadyojata (Earth)
  2. Vamadeva (Water)
  3. Tatpurusha (Wind)
  4. Aghora (Intellect)
  5. Ishana (Individual Soul)

Group 2:
  1. Sharva (Earth)
  2. Bhava (Water)
  3. Rudra (Fire)
  4. Ugra (Wind)
  5. Bhima (Sky)
  6. Pashupati (Soul)
  7. Ishana (Sun)
  8. Mahadeva (Moon)



Sadyojata incarnation - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 1): In the nineteenth kalpa known as Shwetalohita, Brahma meditated on the Supreme Brahman. A son appeared having white complexion with a tuft in the head. Brahma knowing Him as the Sadyojata incarnation of Shiva started meditating on Him. As he meditated, four sons of white complexion was born Who were of the nature of Supreme Brahman. They were known as Sunanda, Nandana, Vishwananda and Upananda. The Sadyojata incarnation bestowed knowledge and creative powers to Brahma.

The Sadyojata incarnation is associated with Bhuvan (Earth) and Gandha & Ghrana (Smell).


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Vamadeva incarnation - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 1): In the twentieth kalpa known as Rakta, Brahma meditated to get a son. A son appeared with red eyes, clad in red garments and adorned with red garlands. Knowing Him to be the Vamadeva incarnation of Shiva, Brahma worshipped Him with folded hands. Then four sons appeared clad in red garments. They were known as Viraja, Vivaha, Vishoka and Vishwabhavana. The Vamadeva incarnation bestowed knowledge and creative powers to Brahma.

The Vamadeva incarnation is associated with Apas (Water) and Rasa (Taste).


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Tatpurusha incarnation - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 1): In the twenty first kalpa known as Pitavasa, Brahma meditated to get a son. A highly resplendent son appeared who was clad in yellow garments and had long arms. Knowing Him to be the Tatpurusha incarnation of Shiva, Brahma worshipped Him chanting the Shiva Gayatri. Then several divine sons appeared, all clad in yellow garments who were the awakener of the yoga marga.

The Tatpurusha incarnation is associated with Vayu (Air) and Sparsha (Touch), and related aspects like Twac, Paani, Gunas and Bhoga.


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Aghora incarnation - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 1): In another kalpa named after Shiva, there was water everywhere for several thousand divine years. Brahma was worried about how to create. Then a son appeared with black complexion, of great strength and Who was highly resplendent with His own power. He was clad in black garments and black turban, wearing black yagyapavita and smeared with black agaru. Knowing Him to be the Aghora incarnation of Shiva, Brahma eulogized Him. Then four sons of black complexion appeared who were smeared with black agaru. They were known as Krishna, Krishnashikha, Krishnasya and Krishna Kanthadhrik. For the purposes of creation, they initiated Brahma in the path of great yoga known as Ghora.

The Aghora incarnation is associated with Dharma and Buddhi-tattva.

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Ishana incarnation - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 1): In another kalpa known as Vishwarupa, Brahma meditated on Shiva to get a son. Then a sound appeared with the great sound of Nada, of the form of Vishwarupa and Saraswati. He was like a pure crystal and adorned with all ornaments. Brahma saluted that unborn Lord Ishana Who pervades everywhere and is without any form. Lord Ishana instructed Brahma and created four sons from His energy. They were known as Jati, Mundi, Shikandi and Ardhamundi. They created the path of Dharma and attained to the goal of yoga.

The Ishana incarnation is the principal incarnation and is the visible Kshetragya (Individual Soul) which enjoys the Prakriti (Nature).


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Sharva form - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 2): The Sharva form of Shiva holds the entire Earth comprising of moving and non-moving beings.

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Bhava form - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 2): The Bhava form of Shiva enlivens the entire universe in the form of Water.

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Rudra form - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 2): The Rudra form of Shiva is in the form of Fire.

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Ugra form - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 2): The Ugra form of Shiva pervades both outside and inside and blows in the form of Wind.

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Bhima form - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 2): The Bhima form of Shiva pervades everywhere in the form of Sky.

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Rudra form - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 2): The Rudra form of Shiva is in the form of Fire.

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Ishana form - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 2): The Ishana form of Shiva brightens the universe in the form of Sun.

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Mahadeva form - from Shiva Purana:

Shiva Shiva Purana (Shata-Rudra Samhita 2): The Mahadeva form of Shiva showers nectar-like rays in the form of Moon.

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Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha - Hanuman - Gurudeva - Gayatri
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - (Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) - Parvati
Others: Murugan - Surya - Ganga - Yamuna - Narmada - Others
Final: Vedas - Brahman

2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - Lakshmi - (Parvati - Shakambari)
Others: Murugan - Ganga

3. Sadhana: Sadhana - Hermitages - Penances

4. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints

5. Sacred Geography: Forests - Mountains - Rivers - Lakes

6. Puranas: Scriptures

7. Religious Life: Stotras - Puja - Pilgrimages - Festivals - Varnashramas - Samskaras - Traditions

8. Other Aspects: Sanskrit - Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy

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Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,
May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And make the Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

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Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on Sep-2017

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