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Life events of Sri Krishna - from Srimad Bhagavatam

Puranic EventPilgrimage
Sri Krishna takes birth in prison of Kamsha at Mathura
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna appears from Devaki in the prison: Sri Krishna appears from Devaki at night (in the prison of Kamsa) at Mathura when it was very dark.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
Krishna Janmasthan Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh The location of the prison of Kamsha in which Sri Krishna was born from Devaki is identified with Krishna Janmasthan or Krishna Janambhoomi temple of Mathura, in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Inside this temple is an enclosed room which identifies the prison of Kamsha and a slab which identifies the exact place where Sri Krishna was born.
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna appears before Devaki and Vasudeva in the prison in the divine form of Vishnu: Sri Krishna appears before Devaki and Vasudeva in the prison of Mathura in the divine form of Vishnu. He had beautiful lotus-like eyes and four hands holding the Sankha, Chakra, Gada and Padma. On His chest was the mark of Srivatsa and He was wearing the brilliant Kaustubha gem around His neck. His body was dark like cloud and He was adorned with various ornaments.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
Krishna Janmasthan Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh - same -
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna reminds Devaki and Vasudeva of their penance in previous births to obtain Him as their son: Sri Krishna reminds Devaki and Vasudeva that in their previous births during the period of Swayambhuva Manu, they were known as Prishni (Devaki) and prajapati Sutapa (Vasudeva). They underwent severe austerities for twelve thousand celestial years. Pleased with their penance, Sri Krishna appeared before them and granted them the boon to be born as their son. In the next millenium, Devaki and Vasudeva were Devi Aditi and sage Kashyapa and Sri Krishna again appeared as their son as Vamana (also called Upendra). And this is the third time Sri Krishna has appeared as their son.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
Krishna Janmasthan Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh - same -
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna instructs Devaki and Vasudeva to constantly think of Him: Sri Krishna instructs Devaki and Vasudeva to constantly think of Him as the Supreme Brahman appearing as their son. In this way they will finally attain the supreme abode.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
Krishna Janmasthan Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh - same -
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna assumes the form of a child: Sri Krishna after instructing Devaki and Vasudeva at the prison in Mathura to constantly think of Him, assumes the form of a child.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
Krishna Janmasthan Temple, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh

Potara Kund, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
- same -

Near the Krishna Janmasthan Temple is the Potara Kund in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh which is said to be the place where the clothes of baby Krishna was washed after His birth in prison.
Yogamaya Sri Krishna's Shakti Yogamaya takes birth as the daughter of the wife of Nanda Maharaj: Sri Krishna's Shakti Yogamaya takes birth as the daughter of the wife (Yashoda) of Nanda Maharaj during this time.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
Yogamaya Temple, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh The Yogamaya Temple at Mahavan (Old Gokul) in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh is identified with the birthplace of Goddess Yogamaya as a baby girl. This is also identified with the birthplace of Sri Balarama
Vasudeva carries child Krishna from Mathura to Gokul (Mahavana)
Sri Krishna carried by Vasudeva to Gokul Sri Krishna inspires Vasudeva to exchange Him with the daughter of Nanda: Sri Krishna inspires Vasudeva to exchange Him with the daughter of Nanda Maharaj at Gokul. By the influence of Yogamaya, the doorkeepers of the prison fall asleep and the doors open automatically. Vasudeva carries child Krishna across the river Yamuna. It was raining with mild thunder. River Yamuna gave way for Vasudeva to cross and Ananta Naga followed Vasudeva with hoods open to shelter them from rains. Vasudeva reaches the house of Nanda Maharaj and replaces Krishna with the daughter of Nanda (Yogamaya). Thereafter he comes back and binds his legs with iron shackles as before.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.3)
Yogamaya Sri Krishna's Shakti Yogamaya manifests as Goddess Durga when Kamsha tries to kill Her: Sri Krishna takes birth in prison and Vasudeva exchanges Him with the daughter of Nanda Maharaj (Yogamaya). Kamsha tries to kill the girl child by dashing Her against a stone. The child Yogamaya slips from his hands, goes upwards in the sky and manifests as Goddess Durga with eight arms equipped with weapons. She was beautifully decorated with excellent garments, flower garlands and smeared with sandalwood. She was holding Dhanu (Bow), Shula (Trident), Ishu (Arrows), Carma (Shield) and Asi (Sword); and also Shankha (Conch), Chakra (Discus) and Gada (Club). Siddhas, Caranas, Gandharvas, Apsaras, Kinnaras and Uragas extolled Her. She tells Kamsha that the Godhead Who will kill him has been born in some other place; thereafter She disappears.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.4)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna appears as the son of Yashoda; Nanda Maharaj celebrates the birth ceremony in a grand manner: When Sri Krishna appears as the son of Yashoda, Nanda Maharaj celebrates the birth of Sri Krishna in a grand manner according to Vedic procedure. Nanda Maharaj gives ample gifts to Brahmanas and others and makes everyone happy.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.5)
Sri Krishna kills demoness Putana Sri Krishna kills demoness Putana and gives Her a place in higher abode: Kamsha deputes demoness Putana to kill new-born children at Gokul. When Nanda Maharaj was away to Mathura to pay tax, Putana enters the house of Nanda Maharaj in the guise of a Devi and suckles child Krishna to give poison instead of milk. Sri Krishna sucks out the life of Putana. But because Putana suckles Him like a mother, Sri Krishna liberates Her from the life of a demoness and gives Her a place in higher abode.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.6)
Putana Temple, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh The Putana Temple at Mahavan (Old Gokul) in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh is identified with the place where Sri Krishna killed demoness Putana.
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna turns three months old; mother Yashoda performs the utthana ceremony: When Sri Krishna turns three months old, mother Yashoda performs the utthana ceremony. This vedic ceremony is performed by bathing the child when the child is due to leave the house for the first time.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
Sri Krishna overturns cart Sri Krishna overturns a handcart during the utthana ceremony: When mother Yashoda was busy with the utthana ceremony, child Krishna was lying under a handcart in the courtyard at Gokul. Krishna demands mother's milk and cries, and when no one notices, He angrily throws His little legs upwards and overturns the handcart scattering the various utensils here and there.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
Nanda Bhavan, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh

Nanda Bhavan, Gokul, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh
The Nanda Bhavan is in Gokul in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Two places are identified with Gokul where Sri Krishna was brought up by Yashoda. The Mahavan (or old Gokul) in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh and the Gokul (or new Gokul) in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. Both places have Nanda Bhavan. The Nanda Bhavan at Mahavan is also known as Chaurasi Khamba temple due to its 84 pillars. The Nanda Bhavan at Gokul is called Nanda-Yashoda Bhavan.
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna appears extremely heavy to mother Yashoda: When Sri Krishna was one year old, one day while mother Yashoda was patting Him on her lap, she feels the child to be heavier than a mountain peak. She puts Krishna down, remembers Narayana and calls the brahmanas to counteract the heaviness.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta Sri Krishna kills demon Trinavarta: Kamsha deputes demon Trinavarta to kill Sri Krishna. One day, while child Krishna was sitting on the ground at Gokul, the demon comes as a whirlwind and carries off the child in the air. The demon also raises a huge dust storm because of which people cannot see anything. While Trinavarta was taking Sri Krishna in the sky, Krishna becomes heavier than the demon and also chokes the throat of Trinavarta. The demon dies in the air and falls down on the earth. The gopis pick Sri Krishna from the chest of the dead demon and finds him unharmed. This incident takes place in Brihadvana.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
Lakshmi Narayana Temple, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh The Lakshmi Narayana Temple or Trinavarta Temple at Mahavan in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh is identified with the place where Sri Krishna killed demon Trinavarta.
Sri Krishna shows the whole universe inside His mouth Sri Krishna shows mother Yashoda the whole universe inside His mouth: During childhood, one day, while child Krishna was drinking Her mother's milk, He yawns. Mother Yashoda sees within His mouth the whole universe including the sky, higher planetary system, earth, sun, moon, fire, air, seas, mountains, rivers, forests and all kinds of living entities. Mother Yashoda becomes afraid and astonished.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.7)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna grows up; Garga Muni performs the naming ceremony secretly: One day, on the request of Vasudeva, Garga Muni visits the house of Nanda Maharaj. Nanda Maharaj requests Garga Muni to perform the naming ceremony of Krishna and Balarama. Garga Muni tells Nanda Maharaj that since he is the Kula-Guru of Yadu dynasty, Kamsha will be suspicious if he performs the naming ceremony, and think that Krishna and Balarama are sons of Vasudeva and Devaki. Nanda Maharaj requests Garga Muni to perform the naming ceremony secretly in his cow-shed at Gokul without the knowledge of anyone else. Garga Muni consents and performs the naming ceremony secretly.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
Nanda Bhavan or Chaurasi Khamba Mandir, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh The Chatti-Palana Temple within Nanda Bhavan (Chaurasi Khamba Mandir) at Mahavan (Old Gokul) in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh is identified as one of the places where the naming ceremony of Sri Krishna and Balarama was performed by Garga Muni in secrecy (inside a cowshed).
Sri Krishna steals butter Sri Krishna performs various childhood pranks: When Sri Krishna was a child, various gopis used to come to mother Yashoda and tell about the various pranks of Sri Krishna. They say that Krishna steals butter, curd and milk along with other boys and share it with monkeys. Krishna breaks the pot of milk and curd kept high up and steals them.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
Sri Krishna shows the whole universe inside His mouth Sri Krishna eats mud; shows mother Yashoda the entire universe within His mouth: During child, one day in Gokul the playmates of Sri Krishna complain mother Yashoda that Sri Krishna has eaten mud. Mother Yashoda comes and asks Sri Krishna to open His mouth wide. Sri Krishna opens His mouth and shows the entire universe to mother Yashoda. She could see the sky, outer space, planetary systems, mountains, islands, oceans and all moving and non-moving entities; she could see the senses, mind, three qualities, goodness, passion and ignorance; she could see natural instincts, reactions of karma, desires and different varieties of bodies; she could see the different aspects of cosmic manifestations along with herself and Vrindavana. Yashoda becomes reverent and submissive to the Supreme Lord, but Sri Krishna makes her forget this and return back to motherly attitude.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
Brahmanda Ghat, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh The Brahmanda Ghat at Mahavan (Old Gokul) in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh is identified with the place where Sri Krishna showed the entire universe within His mouth to mother Yashoda (after Yashoda scolded Him for eating mud).
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna's foster parents were vasus Drona and Dhara: Sukadeva Goswami tells Parikshit Maharaj that Sri Krishna's foster parents Nanda Maharaj and Yashoda were vasus Drona and his wife Dhara.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.8)
Sri Krishna allows mother Yashoda to bind Him Sri Krishna allows mother Yashoda to bind Him: One day Sri Krishna breaks a pot of butter, steals the butter, and goes to a secluded spot to share it with monkeys. Mother Yashoda catches Him from behind and tries to tie Him with a rope. However, even after joining many ropes, the length of the rope always fell short by two fingers. Finally, when mother Yashoda becomes tired, Sri Krishna allows her to tie Him. Mother Yashoda ties Him to a mortar.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.9)
Utkhal, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh The Utkhal at Mahavan (Old Gokul) in Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh is identified with the place where Sri Krishna was tied by mother Yashoda to a mortar. Here Sri Krishna uprooted the twin Arjuna trees and liberated Nalakuvara and Manigriva (the sons of Kubera) from the curse of Narada Muni. This is a huge compound with a small temple.
Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from curse Sri Krishna liberates Nalakuvara and Manigriva from the curse of becoming Arjuna trees: When Sri Krishna was a child, one day in Gokul mother Yashoda ties Him to a mortar for stealing butter. Sri Krishna moves between two Arjuna trees and when the mortar gets stuck between them, Krishna pulls the mortar and uproots the trees. The trees were sons of Kuvera named Nalakuvara and Manigriva who were cursed by sage Narada to become trees because of their intoxication by opulence and false prestige. Sri Krishna liberates them from this curse. Nalakuvara and Manigriva attains their celestial bodies and decides to spend their life in devotional service to Krishna. Sri Krishna blesses them.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.10)
Utkhal, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh - same -
Sri Krishna and Gopis Sri Krishna allows Him to be completely in the control of the gopis: During childhood, Sri Krishna allows Himself to be completely in the control of the gopis. The gopis would clap their hands and make Krishna sing and dance. Krishna behaved as if He is a wooden doll in their hands.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)
Sri Krishna and fruit seller Sri Krishna makes a woman fruit-seller rich: When Sri Krishna was a child, one day a woman fruit-seller comes to sell fruits in Gokul. Sri Krishna buys the fruits by giving a handful of grains, most of which fell down while carrying. However the grains turn to gold and jewels inside the fruit basket and makes the fruit-seller rich.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)
Nanda Bhavan, Mahavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh

Nanda Bhavan, Gokul, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh
This incident is likely to take place in the Nanda Bhavan in Gokul (either in Mahavan or new Gokul) in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh.
Sri Krisha leaves Gokul and goes to Vrindavana
Sri Krishna leaves Gokula and goes to Vrindavana Sri Krishna leaves Gokula and goes to Vrindavana: When Sri Krishna was a child, the elders hold a meeting to move away from Gokula to avoid the repeated attacks of demons on Krishna. The eldest of the cowherd man named Upananda suggests that they move to Vrindavana, a place between Nandesvara and Mahavana. The cowherd men immediately pack up and leave with their bullock carts. Sri Krishna and Balarama was very pleased to see Vrindavana with Govardhan mountain and river Yamuna flowing by.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)
Vrindavana is in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh
Sri Krishna killing demon Sri Krishna kills a demon in Vrindavana who had assumed the form of a calf: During childhood, while Sri Krishna was playing in Vrindavana forest with other cowherd boys, one day a demon takes the form of a calf and hides himself within the group of cows. Sri Krishna catches hold of his hind legs and tail, and twirls the demon to death. Thereafter He throws the demon on top of a kapittha tree.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)
Sri Krishna kills demon Bakasura Sri Krishna kills demon Bakasura in Vrindavana: During childhood, while Sri Krishna was playing in Vrindavana forest with other cowherd boys, one day a demon named Bakasura assumes the form of a gigantic duck and swallows Krishna. Sri Krishna becomes hot like fire inside the mouth of the demon, and makes the demon throw Him out. Thereafter holding the two ends of the beak of the duck, Sri Krishna stretches the mouth of the duck, splits it and kills the demon.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.11)
Sri Krishna kills demon Aghasura Sri Krishna kills demon Aghasura in Vrindavana: During childhood, when Sri Krishna was five years old, one day a demon named Aghasura, who was the younger brother of Putana and Bakashura, assumes the form of a huge python and lie on the road with its mouth open in Vrindavana forest, appearing like a huge mountain with an open cave. All the cowherd boys enters inside the mouth of the python in a playful mood. Sri Krishna also enters inside the mouth and then enlarges Himself. The python suffocates, its eyes starts rolling and its life breath departs splitting its head. When Aghasura dies, all the demigods shower flowers on Krishna.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.12)
Sri Krishna humbles Lord Brahma Sri Krishna humbles Lord Brahma: During childhood, while Sri Krishna was playing with the cowherd boys in Vrindavana, one day Lord Brahma decides to test Him. Brahma hides all the calves and cowherd boys to test the powers of Krishna. Sri Krishna understands this play of Brahma. He creates exactly similar calves and cowherd boys from Himself. Since the calves and cowherd boys were created from the essence of Krishna, the cowherd men and women of Vrindavana felt a special attraction for them. After one year, Lord Brahma was surprised to see the same calves and cowherd boys in Vrindavana which he himself has hidden. Brahma was bewildered and unable to understand. Sri Krishna lifts the veil from within him and shows that all were parts of Him. Brahma was humbled. He falls at the feet of Krishna and eulogises Him as the Supreme Lord.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.13 - 10.14)
Sri Krishna and Vrindavana forest Sri Krishna plays with the cowherd boys in Vrindavana: During childhood, Sri Krishna sees the beauty of the forest of Vrindavana and enjoys it. The forest resounds with the sounds of bees, birds and animals. The lakes with clear water resembles the minds of great souls. The breeze makes the atmosphere fragrant by carrying the fragrance of lotuses. The trees bend down with the weight of fruits and flowers. The peacocks dance around the forest and cuckoos sing with melodious voice. Sri Krishna and cowherd boys sometimes imitate the sounds of cuckoos, sometimes the sounds of parrots and sometimes the sounds of swans, and sometimes they imitate the dance of peacocks.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.15)
Sri Krishna and Balarama kills Dhenukasura & other ass-demons Sri Krishna and Balarama kills Dhenukasura and other ass-demons: When Sri Krishna attains the age of pauganda (six to ten years), he used to tend the cows in the pastures of Vrindavana forest. One day the fellow cowherd boys tells Krishna about Talavana, a nearby forest of palm trees, where the fruits are sweet and delicious. The forest was however protected by demon Dhenukasura and other ass-demons. Balarama enters the Talavana and shakes the plam trees to drop the fruits. Dhenuka attacks Balarama with his powerful hind legs. Balarama catches hold of the hind legs of Dhenuka and whirls him violently, thereby killing him. When the companion ass-demons attack them, Krishna and Balarama kills them all. The Talavana forest thus becomes free from the demons, and a place of enjoyment for the cowherd boys.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.15)
Sri Krishna subdues serpent Kaliya Sri Krishna frees the river Yamuna from the poisonous serpent Kaliya: Within the river Yamuna flowing at Vrindavana was a lake inhabited by the poisonous serpent Kaliya. The poison of Kaliya contaminated the waters of Yamuna and made it poisonous. To subdue Kaliya, one day Krishna climbs a high Kadamba tree and jumps inside the water of river Yamuna. Sporting inside the water, Sri Krishna finally comes face to face with that dreadful serpent. Kaliya bites the Lord on the chest and encircles Him within his coils. For sometime Sri Krishna remains motionless. Seeing this, the cowherd men and women who had assembled on the river bank became filled with sorrow. Seeing their distress Sri Krishna enlarges His body and frees Himself from the coils of Kaliya. Then He subdues Kaliya and dances over its hoods. All the celestial beings assemble to see this divine spectacle and dances with Sri Krishna. Finally the wives of Kaliya and Kaliya himself surrenders to the Lord and asks for forgiveness. Sri Krishna tells Kaliya to leave the river and go to the sea with the entire family. Sri Krishna tells Kaliya to go back to the Ramanaka Island which he formerly left due to the fear of Garuda. Now Garuda will not harm him since the footprints of the Lord has been imprinted on his head. Once Kaliya leaves, the water of river Yamuna gets restored to its original purity.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.16)
Kaliya Ghat, Vrindavana, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh The place where Sri Krishna subdued serpent Kaliya is identified with the Kaliya Ghat of Vrindavana in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. The river Yamuna has drifted over the centuries and does not flow near this ghat.
Sri Krishna swallows the forest fire Sri Krishna swallows the forest fire: After the Kaliya incident when Sri Krishna comes out of the river Yamuna unharmed the people of Vrindavana becomes extremely happy. Due to weakness from hunger and thirst, they spend that night on the bank of river Yamuna. That night, a great forest fire blazed within the summer forest of Vrindavana and completely engulfs the inhabitants of Vrindavana. The residents took shelter of Sri Krishna. Sri Krishna swallows the forest fire and saves the residents of Vrindavana.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.17)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna's presence makes the summer season of Vrindavana like spring: When summer season arrives at Vrindavana, due to the presence of Sri Krishna, it manifests the qualities of the spring season. The waterfalls sprays and moistens the trees. The wind gently blows over the lakes and rivers and carries the pollen with its moisture and makes Vrindavana cool. Abundant fresh green grass and flowers fills the forests of Vrindavana. The rivers keep the banks damp and muddy so that the summer sun cannot make the earth dry.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.18)
Sri Balarama kills demon Pralamba Sri Krishna and Balarama eliminates demon Pralamba: During childhood, one day when Sri Krishna was playing with the cowherd boys in Vrindavana forest, a demon named Pralamba enters into their group in the guise of a cowherd boy. Sri Krishna understands this and tactfully plays a game dividing the cowherd boys into two groups. The losing group need to carry the members of the winning group on their back As part of this game, Pralamba carries Balarama on his back. Pralamba tries to kidnap Balarama and carry him off to a far-off place. Balarama becomes heavy and slows down Pralamba. When Pralamba takes his gigantic demon form, Balarama breaks his head with his powerful fist and thereby kills him.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.18)
Sri Krishna swallows the forest fire Sri Krishna swallows forest fire: During childhood, one day when Sri Krishna was playing with the cowherd boys in Vrindavana, the cattle strays off to a far-off place. Following the hoof-marks of the cattle, the cowherd boys reach a far-off forest. A forest fire engulfs them. The cowherd boys take refuge in Sri Krishna and prays to save them. Sri Krishna tells them to close their eyes, and then swallows the forest fire.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.19)
Sri Krishna and Vrindavana forest Sri Krishna plays in Vrindavana forest; Rainy season and Autumn season arrives: During childhood, Sri Krishna plays in the Vrindavana forest. During the rainy season, the sky is covered with dense blue clouds accompanied by lightning and thunder. Fierce winds shake the clouds. The frogs starts croaking. The grass becomes greener and various vegetation appear on the earth. The rainbow appears on the sky. The peacocks dance with joy. The cranes dwell on the shore of the lakes. The clouds release their nectarean water for the welfare of the living beings. When the autumn season arrives, the sky becomes clear. The mud dries up. The lakes become silent. The beautiful autumn moon adorns the sky.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.20)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna's flute captivates the gopis; Autumn season in Vrindavana: During autumn season the Vrindavana forest is decorated with clear lakes over which lotus flowers grow. The cool breeze spreads the fragrance of the lotus flowers in the surroundings. The entire Vrindavana forest with its lakes, rivers and hills resounds with the sounds of bees and birds. Sri Krishna is decorated with peacock feather on His head and blue karnikara flowers on His ears. His yellow garment shines like gold. He wears a Vaijayanti garland. Sri Krishna plays His flute and its melody captivates the gopis. They glorify that melody. The peacocks dance when they hear Krishna's flute. The deers look with love and affection. The wives of the demigods are filled with lust. The birds listen to the music with closed eyes. The river water becomes agitated and move around in whirlpools. Their waves offer lotus flowers at the feet of Krishna. The living entities become stunned. The non-moving trees tremble with ecstasy. The gopis in this manner describe the sound of flute of Sri Keishna.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.21)
Sri Krishna stealing garments of the gopis Sri Krishna steals the garments of the gopis; Winter season in Vrindavana: During the winter season of Vrindavana, the young unmarried gopis worships Goddess Katyayani and prays to get Krishna as their husband. One day when they were bathing in river Yamuna before worshipping the Goddess, Sri Krishna steals their garments and climbs up a kadamba tree. When the gopis discover that Sri Krishna has stolen their garments, they plead to Sri Krishna to return those. Sri Krishna scolds them for bathing in the river naked during the vow to the Goddess. Also to counteract this sin, Sri Krishna tells them to come out of the river naked and collect their clothes. After much pleading, the gopis finally comply with what Sri Krishna has asked them to do. Sri Krishna tells them that their vow will be fulfilled and they will enjoy His company.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.22)
Chir Ghat, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh The place where Sri Krishna stole the clothes of the gopis is identified with Chir Ghat in Vrindavan in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh. There is an ancient tree in Chir Ghat which people believe to be the same tree which Krishna climbed and hid the clothes of the gopis.
Sri Krishna and Vrindavana forest Sri Krishna praises the trees for their unselfish acts: During childhood, one day Sri Krishna strays away quite far from Vrindavana while tending the cows. Sri Krishna sees the trees protecting Him from the intense heat of the sun. Sri Krishna praises the trees and says that their lives are dedicated for the benefit of others. They tolerate the wind, rain, heat and snow and protect others with their shade. They fulfill the desires of others with their leaves, flowers, fruits, shade, roots, bark and woods, and also with their fragrance, sap, ashes, pulp and shoots.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.22)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna asks food from the Brahmanas to test them: During childhood, one day Sri Krishna and the cowherd boys strayed quite far from Vrindavana. The cowherd boys were hungry. They ask Sri Krishna to arrange for food. Sri Krishna tells them to go to a sacrificial arena nearby where some Brahmanas were performing Angirasa sacrifice to go to heaven, and ask food from the Brahmanas. The cowherd boys ask food from the Brahmanas for Sri Krishna and Balarama. The Brahmanas do not pay any heed to their request. The cowherd boys return to Sri Krishna disappointed. Then Sri Krishna tells them to ask food from the wives of the Brahmanas. When the cowherd boys go to the wives of the Brahmanas and tells them about Sri Krishna and Balarama, they eagerly come to see Krishna with several food items, inspite of being forbidden by husbands and relatives. Sri Krishna blesses them for their simple-hearted devotion and tells them to chant His names and meditate on Him. The Brahmanas later repents for their behaviour.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.23)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna asks elders to worship Govardhan Hill instead of worshipping Indra Deva: Once when the elders of Vrindavana were arranging for a sacrifice to please Indra Deva to get rains, Sri Krishna tells them to stop this sacrifice and instead perform the sacrifice for the Govardhan Hill, and for the benefit of brahmanas and the cows. Sri Krishna tells them that the lives of human beings are the result of their karma and Indra has no power to alter it. Sri Krishna also tells them that one should pay obeisance to one's real benefactor which in their case are the Govardhan Hill, the brahmanas and the cows. The cowherd men agree and worships the Govardhan Hill. Sri Krishna assumes the gigantic form of the deity of the Govardhan Hill and accepts their offerings.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.24)
Sri Krishna lifts Govardhan Hill Sri Krishna lifts the Govardhan Hill to save the people of Vrindavana from the fury of Indra's rains: When Indra sees that the cowherd men has stopped his worship, he becomes very angry. Indra asks the wind and rain gods to let loose the fury of rains and submerge Vrindavana to teach a lesson to the cowherd men. Heavy rain ensues which creates a havoc in Vrindavana submerging the lands. All take refuge in Sri Krishna. Sri Krishna lifts the Govardhan Hill with one hand and tells the people of Vrindavana to take shelter under it. For seven days Sri Krishna holds up the Govardhan Hill and provides shelter to the people and the cattle of Vrindavana. Seeing this divine play, the pride of Indra (of being the supreme controller) was shattered and he stops the rain.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.25)
Govardhan Hill, Govardhan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh The Govardhan Hill is located in the Govardhan town in the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna's supernatural deeds make the residents of Vrindavana ponder over His real nature: The residents of Vrindavana ponders over the many supernatural deeds of Sri Krishna, and their great attraction towards Him. They go to Nanda Maharaj and asks Him about the real nature of Sri Krishna. Nanda Maharaj tells them what Garga Muni has previously said about the divine nature of Krishna; that the child of Nanda is as good as Narayana Himself. Hearing this the residents of Vrindavana worships Sri Krishna.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.26)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna breaks Indra's pride; Indra and mother Surabhi comes to worship Krishna: When Sri Krishna lifts the Govardhan Hill, the pride of Indra (of thinking himself as the supreme controller) was shattered. Lord Indra and mother Surabhi comes down from their celestial abode to Vraja. They eulogise Sri Krishna and worships Him as the Supreme Being.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.27)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna rescues Nanda Maharaj from the abode of Varuna: Once Nanda Maharaj enters river Yamuna for bathing after fasting on the ekadasi day and worshipping Lord Janardhana. A servant of Varuna deva captures Nanda Maharaj since he entered the river during an inauspicious time. The servant takes Nanda Maharaj to the abode of Varuna deva. Not seeing Nanda Maharaj, the cowherd men take refuge of Sri Krishna. Sri Krishna goes to the abode of Varuna deva. Varuna deva worships Sri Krishna and eulogizes Him as the Supreme Godhead, and asks for pardon for inadvertently capturing Nanda Maharaj. Sri Krishna becomes pleased with Varuna deva and returns with Nanda Maharaj.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.28)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna shows a glimpse of His transcendental abode to cowherd men: After Sri Krishna rescues Nanda Maharaj from the abode of Varuna deva, the cowherd men understands that Sri Krishna is the Supreme Godhead. However they doubt whether Sri Krishna will bestow them the trancensental abode. Sri Krishna understands their thoughts and shows them a glimpse of His transcendental abode.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.28)
Sri Krishna Rasa Leela Sri Krishna attracts the gopis and enjoys His pastimes during the autumn night in Vrindavana: During the autumn night in Vrindavana, when the moon was showering its cool rays, Sri Krishna goes to the Vrindavana forest and plays melodious tunes on His flute attracting the gopis. The gopis leave all their household works and immediately rush to the Vrindavana forest. Sri Krishna tells them to go back but they resolve to stay with Krishna leaving aside their near and dear ones at home. Sri Krishna graces the gopis by enjoying His pastimes with them on the bank of river Yamuna.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.29)
Sevakunj, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh

Nidhivan, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh
Sevakunj and Nidhivan groves are identified with the places where Sri Krishna enjoyed His pastimes with the gopis and performed Rasa Leela. Previously both are likely to have been part of a single forest. It is believed that every night Sri Krishna and Radharani still come here to enjoy their divine pastimes. Both places have a Rang Mahal which serves as a resting place after the divine leela. Sevakunj has a Lalitha Kund created by Sri Krishna to quench the thirst of Lalitha, a companion of Sri Radha. Nidhivan similarly has Vishakha Kund. Nidhivan has the samadhi of saint Haridas who composed and sung many songs on Sri Krishna.
Sri Krishna Rasa Leela Sri Krishna disappears while enjoying His pastimes with the gopis; the gopis fervently search for Him: When Sri Krishna was enjoying His pastimes with the gopis in the Vrindavana during the autumn night, the gopis feel proud of themselves. Immediately Sri Krishna disappears from the scene leaving them alone. The gopis fervently search for Krishna in the forest. They also play among themselves the various deeds of Krishna. Finally they come back to the bank of river Yamuna and sing about Sri Krishna hoping that Krishna will come back.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.30)
Sevakunj, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh

Nidhivan, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh
- same -
Sri Krishna Rasa Leela Sri Krishna reappears among the gopis: The gopis sing about Sri Krishna in His absence pouring their heart-felt love for Him. Sri Krishna reappears in Vrindavana after sometime and resumes His pastimes. Sri Krishna says that He does not immediately reciprocate the affection of living beings only to intensify their loving devotion.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.32)
Sevakunj, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh

Nidhivan, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh
- same -
Sri Krishna Rasa Leela Sri Krishna performs the dance of Rasa with the gopis: The pastimes of Sri Krishna reaches its climax with Rasa dancein Vrindavana. The gopis array in a circle. Krishna multiplies Himself and individually dance with each gopi. The demi-gods watch the divine play of the Lord with wonder. They play various musical instruments and shower flowers from above. Sri Krishna dances and moves with the gopis, sometimes entering the waters of river Yamuna and sometimes moving within the forests. The gopis become completely engrossed with the love of Krishna, their mundane bonds of the world having broken. The night of the Rasa ends. Sri Krishna tells the gopis to return home.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.33)
Sevakunj, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh

Nidhivan, Vrindavan, Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh
- same -
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna saves Nanda Maharaj from the clutches of a huge snake: One day, the cowherd men goes to the Ambika forest to worship Lord Shiva and goddess Ambika on the bank of river Saraswati. At night, a huge snake comes there and starts swallowing Nanda Maharaj. When Nanda Maharaj cries out to Krishna, Sri Krishna arrives there and touches the snake with His foot. The snake, who was actually a vidyadhara, named Sudarshana cursed by sages, gets back his celestial body. The vidyadhara Sudarshana eulogizes Sri Krishna and returns to his abode.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.34)
Sri Krishna Sri Krishna kills Sankhachuda: Once Sri Krishna and Balarama were playing with the gopis in the forest. Sankhachuda, a servant of Kuvera comes there and tries to drive off the gopis. When the gopis cries out to Krishna, Sri Krishna chases Shankhachuda, kills him and takes away his shining crest jewel.

(Srimad Bhagavatam 10.34)



Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha - Hanuman - Gurudeva - Gayatri
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - (Lakshmi - Tulasi - Bhoomi) - Parvati
Others: Murugan - Surya - Ganga - Yamuna - Narmada - Others
Final: Vedas - Brahman

2. Pilgrimages by Deity:
Initial: Ganesha
Tridevas: Brahma - (Vishnu - Narasimha - Rama - Krishna) - Shiva
Tridevis: Saraswati - Lakshmi - (Parvati - Shakambari)
Others: Murugan - Ganga

3. Sadhana: Sadhana - Hermitages - Penances

4. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana - Saints

5. Sacred Geography: Forests - Mountains - Rivers - Lakes

6. Puranas: Scriptures

7. Religious Life: Stotras - Puja - Pilgrimages - Festivals - Varnashramas - Samskaras - Traditions

8. Other Aspects: Sanskrit - Arts - Music - Dance - Medicine - Architecture - Astronomy

Green Corner: >>



Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,
May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And make the Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

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Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on Oct-2017

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