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Saints & Devotees:

Century Saints Philosophy Composition Pilgrimage
6th century BC Sri Mahavira
Sri Mahavira
(599-527 BC)
(6th century BC)
[date uncertain]

Born in Vaishali, Bihar
24th and the last Tirthankara of Jainism

Propagated the philosophy of Jainism based on Ahimsa, Satya, Asteya and Brahmacharya.
- -
6th century BC Sri Gautama Buddha
Sri Gautama Buddha
(563-483 BC)
(6th-5th century BC)
[date uncertain]

Born in Kapilvastu, Nepal

Sri Gautama Buddha
Founder of Buddhism

Preached the Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Paths.

Founded the Sangha of Buddhist monks.
- Bodh Gaya, Bihar: Attained Enlightenment under the famous Bodhi tree.
5th century BC - - - -
4th century BC - - - -
3rd century BC - - - -
2nd century BC - - - -
1st century BC - - - -
1st century AD - - - -
2nd century AD - - - -
3rd century AD - - - -
4th century AD - - - -
5th century AD Nayanmars
Nayanmars
(5th-10th century)

Tamil Nadu
Shiva Bhakti Lives recorded in book Periya Puranam.

Collection of their hymns are known as Thevarams.
275 Shiva temples they praised are known as Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalams.
6th century AD Nayanmars continued - - -
6th century AD Alvars
Alvars
(6th-9th century)

Tamil Nadu

Andal
Vishnu Bhakti Collection of their hymns are known as Divya Prabandhams. 108 Vishnu temples they praised are known as Divya Desams.
7th century AD Nayanmars continued

Alvars continued
- - -
8th century AD Nayanmars continued

Alvars continued
- - -
8th century AD Sri Adi Shakancharya
Sri Adi Shankaracharya
(788-820 AD)
(8th-9th century)
(date uncertain)

Born in Kaladi, Kerala

Sri Adi Shankaracharya
Exponent of Advaita philosophy Wrote commentaries on Brahma Sutras, principal Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita.

Composed sanskrit stotras on various deities.
Founded four Mathas around the four corners of India.

Believed to be the organiser of Dashanami monastic order and founder of Shanmata tradition of worship.
9th century AD Nayanmars continued

Alvars continued
- - -
10th century AD Nayanmars continued
- - -
11th century AD Sri Ramanujacharya
Sri Ramanujacharya
(1017-1137 AD)
(11th-12th century)

Born in Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu
Vishnu Bhakti

Exponent of Vishistadvaita philosophy
Wrote commentaries on Brahma Sutras (known as Sri Bhashya) and Bhagavad Gita.

Composed several texts on Sri Vaishnavism and organised the method of worship.
Srirangam
12th century AD Sri Madhavacharya
Sri Madhavacharya
(1199-1278 AD)
(12th-13th century)

Born in Udupi, Karnataka
Krishna bhakti

Exponent of Dvaita philosophy
Wrote commentaries on Brahma Sutras, Bhagavad Gita and several Upanishads Founded Krishna temple at Udupi and several other Mathas
13th century AD Sri Namdev
Namdev
(1270-1350 AD)
(13th - 14th century)

Born in Hingoli district, Maharashtra
Krishna bhakti

Spent his life in devotion to Lord Vithoba of Pandharpur.
Proponent of Bhagavad Dharma and purity of living
- -
13th century AD Sri Jnaneshwar or Dyaneshwar
Sri Jnaneshwar or Dyaneshwar
(1275-1296 AD)
(13th century)

Born in Apegaon, Aurangabad, Maharashtra

Sant Jnaneshwar or Dyaneshwar
Philosopher and Yogi of Nath tradition Composed Bhavartha Deepika (a commentary on Bhagavad Gita, popularly known as Dnyaneshwari) and Amrutanubhav. -
14th century AD - - - -
15th century AD Sri Surdas
Sri Surdas
(1478-1573 AD)
(15th-16th century)

Sihi, Faridabad, Haryana

(Sri Vallabhacharya was his guru)
Krishna Bhakti Composed Sur Sagar, which are thousands of melodious songs on Sri Krishna, only around 8000 extant now -
15th century AD Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
(1486-1534 AD)
(15th-16th century)

Born in Nabadwip, West Bengal
Krishna Bhakti

Pillar of Gaudiya Vaishnavism

Popularised the chanting of Hare Krishna Maha Mantra
Composed Siksastakam (eight devotional prayers on Sri Krishna) in sanskrit -
15th century AD Sri Meerabai
Sri Meerabai
(1497-1557 AD)
(15th-16th century)

Born in Merta, Rajasthan

(Guru Ravidass was her guru)
Krishna Bhakti Composed around 1300 Krishna Bhajans -
15th century AD Sri Vallabhacharya
Sri Vallabhacharya
(1497-1531 AD)
(15th-16th century)

Born in Champaram, Chattisgarh
Krishna Bhakti

Founder of Shuddha Advaita philosophy
Wrote commentaries on Brahma Sutras (known as Anubhasya) and Srimad Bhagavad Mahapurana.

Composed several texts on Krishna bhakti
Believed to have got the vision of Srinathji (seven year old Krishna) whose temple is in Nathadwara, Rajasthan
16th century AD Sri Tulsidas
Sri Tulsidas
(1497/1532-1623 AD)
(16th-17th century)

Born in Rajapur, Chitrakoot district, Uttar Pradesh
Rama Bhakti Composed Ramcharitmanas, several Dohas and other texts.

Hanuman Chalisa is attributed to him.
Founded the Sankat Mochan Hanuman temple at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
16th century AD Sri Eknath
Sri Eknath
(1533-1599 AD)
(16th century)

Born in Aurangabad district, Maharastra

(Sri Janardhanaswami was his guru)
Marathi saint Revived Dnyaneshwari.
Composed Eknath Bhagavatam, a commentary on Srimad Bhagavatam.
-
17th century AD - - - -
18th century AD - - - -
19th century AD Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
(1836-1886 AD)
(19th century)

Born in Kamarpukur, West Bengal

Kali Bhakti, Krishna Bhakti, Rama Bhakti, Shiva Bhakti, Advaita Vedanta, practised paths of Christanity and Islam.

Praying to God with intense yearning in heart in order to realize Him / Her.

God can be realized through any path if the devotee has this intense yearning in heart.

Vision of Serving Man as God.
Sayings recorded as Ramakrishna Kathamrita in Bengali, which is translated in English as Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna.

Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna
Kamarpukur in West Bengal (birth place),

Dakshineswar Kali temple (place of sadhana),

Belur Math (headquarters of Ramakrishna Maths and Mission) in the outskirts of Kolkata.

There are many Ramakrishna Maths and Missions throughout the world.
19th century AD Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda
(1863-1902 AD)
(19th - 20th century)

Born in Kolkata, West Bengal

(Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was his Guru)
Character Building, i.e. building the right tendencies of mind using will power, discrimination and high ideal for the welfare of many.

Practical Vedanta, i.e. the vision of Advaita Vedanta applied in practical life to raise the masses, regenerate India and for welfare of many. In this context comes his precept of Serving Man as God.

Acceptance of all paths as a means to realize God.

Four Yogas - Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Raja Yoga for a balanced development of human being and God realization.
Lectures, Compositions, Letters etc recorded in The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda which includes the four Yogas - Karma Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Raja Yoga.

Sayings / Quotes of Swami Vivekananda
Birthplace in Kolkata,

Belur Math (headquarters of Ramakrishna Maths and Mission) in the outskirts of Kolkata,

Vivekananda House in Chennai and many Ramakrishna Maths and Missions throughout the world.
19th century AD Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi
Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi
(1879-1950 AD)
(19th - 20th century)

Born in Thirucuzhi, near Madurai

Realized the Self through a death experience during boyhood.

Suggested Self-Enquiry, or the direct enquiry within oneself to find the source from where the "I" rises.
Sayings recorded in many books including Who am I, Day by Day with Bhagavan, Talks etc.

Famous song Arunachala Akshara Manimalai (Arunachala Shiva, Arunachala Shiva)

Sayings / Quotes of Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi
Thiruvannamalai, where Ramana Ashram is situated.
20th century AD - - - -

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Last updated on Jan-2017

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