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Sanskrit Symbol Map

The Sanskrit Symbol Map is used to write Sanskrit using the nearest English letters for various Sanskrit online tools in this site. This map closely follows the mapping given in the www.unicode.org/charts for Devanagari alphabet.

To write Sanskrit using English remember these simple rules:
  1. Type the characters given in the square brackets next to the Sanskrit letters.
    e.g. Type sa for SA, ha for HA etc.
  2. All characters to be typed are in lowercase only.
  3. A long letter is represented by twice of short letter.
    e.g. a for A and aa for AA; type i for I and ii for II etc.
  4. Use hyphen (virama) between letters for half forms.
    e.g. Type s-t-ra for STRA.
  5. Use parenthesis if grouping is required for readability or ambiguity
    e.g. (s-t-ra) for STRA

Vowels
Independent
Vowels
(Simple)

A
[a2]

AA
[aa2]

I
[i2]

II
[ii2]

U
[u2]

UU
[uu2]

R
[r2]

L
[l2]
Independent
Vowels
(Dipthongs)

E
[e2]

AI
[ai2]

O
[o2]

AU
[au2]
Independent
Vowels

c. E
[e5]

s. E
[e6]

c. O
[o5]

s. o
[o6]
Dependent
Vowels
.
A
[a]

AA
[aa]
ि
I
[i]

II
[ii]

U
[u]

UU
[uu]

R
[r]

RR
[rr]
Dependent
Vowels

E
[e]

AI
[ai]

O
[o]

AU
[au]
Dependent
Vowels

c. E
[e3]

s. E
[e4]

c. O
[o3]

s. o
[o4]


Consonants
Categories Hard Soft
UAsp. Asp. UAsp. Asp. Nsl.
Gutturals
KA
[ka]

KHA
[kha]

GA
[ga]

GHA
[gha]

NGA
[nga]
Palatals
CA
[ca]

CHA
[cha]

JA
[ja]

JHA
[jha]

NYA
[nya]
Cerebrals
TTA
[tta]

TTHA
[ttha]

DDA
[dda]

DDHA
[ddha]

NNA
[nna]
Dentals
TA
[ta]

THA
[tha]

DA
[da]

DHA
[dha]

NA
[na]
Labials
PA
[pa]

PHA
[pha]

BA
[ba]

BHA
[bha]

MA
[ma]
Semivowels
YA
[ya]

RA
[ra]

LA
[la]

VA
[va]
Sibilants
SHA
[sha]

SSA
[ssa]

SA
[sa]
Sonant Aspirate
HA
[ha]


Others

om
[om]

virama
[-]

zero-width joiner
[!1]

zero-width non-joiner
[!2]

anusvara
[m]

visarga
[h2]

chandrabindu
[$1]

avagraha
[$]

nukta
[$2]

danda
[|]

double danda
[||]

LLLA
[La]

DDDHA
[Dha]

RHA
[Rha]


Numbers

0
[\0]

1
[\1]

2
[\2]

3
[\3]

4
[\4]

5
[\5]

6
[\6]

7
[\7]

8
[\8]

9
[\9]





You may be interested in the other Online Sanskrit Tools given below:
(The tools are sorted alphabetically):
01.Sanskrit Dictionary: Monier-Williams Sanskrit dictionary.
02.Sanskrit Dictionary Aid: Find sub-words within composite Sanskrit words.
03.Sanskrit English Pad: Write a combination of Sanskrit and English.
04.Sanskrit Noun Declension: Examples of Sanskrit Noun Declensions.
05a.Sanskrit Sandhi Rules: Sanskrit Sandhi Rules with examples.
05b.Sanskrit Sandhi Tool: Combine Sanskrit words.
06.Sanskrit Sentences: Examples of Sanskrit sentences with grammatical analysis.
07.Sanskrit Sorting Tool: Sort Sanskrit words online.
08a.Sanskrit Verb Conjugation Rules: Verb Conjugation Rules with examples.
08b.Sanskrit Verb Conjugation Tables: Verb Conjugation Tables with operation summary.
09a.Sanskrit Word List: Sanskrit words under different categories.
09b.Sanskrit Word Search: Sanskrit words used in stotras and verb conjugations are being consolidated here.
10. Sanskrit Writing Pad: Write Sanskrit using English.

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Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,
May there be Peace in the Water,
May there be Peace in the Plants,
May there be Peace in the Trees,
May there be Peace in the Gods in the various Worlds,
May there be Peace in Brahman,
May there be Peace in All,
May there be Peace Indeed within Peace,
Giving Me the Peace which Grows within Me,
Om, Peace, Peace, Peace.

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And make the Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

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Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on Nov-2017

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