Green Message
Home > Bharatavarsha

Bharatavarsha - Sacred Geography & Pilgrimages


(A) Himalayan Mountain Range:

1. Tibetan Himalayas:
(A) Sacred Geography:

Mount Kailash
Lake Mansarovar

River Indus or Sindhu: Udgam (Source) near Mount Kailash and Lake Mansarovar.
River Brahmaputra: Udgam (Source) from Glacier in Tibet near Mount Kailash.
River Sutlej or Shatadru: Udgam (Source) from Rakshastal in Tibet near Mount Kailash and Lake Mansarovar. (A tributary of River Indus)
River Ghaghara or Sarayu: Udgam (Source) from Glaciers of Mapchachungo near lake Mansarover. (A tributary of River Ganga)
(B) Pilgrimages:

Mount Kaliash, TibetMount Kailash
(Tibet)
Lake Mansarovar, TibetLake Mansarovar
(Tibet)
2. Kashmir Himalayas:
(A) Sacred Geography:

River Jhelum or Vitasta: Udgam (Source) from Verinag in Kashmir Valley. (A tributary of River Chenab)
(B) Pilgrimages:

Amarnath Shiva Temple, Anantanag district, Jammu and KashmirAmarnath
(Anantanag district)
Vaishno Devi, Reasi district, Jammu and KashmirVaishno Devi
(Reasi district)
Kheer Bhawani (Ganderbal district)
Sharika Devi (Srinagar district)
3. Himachal Himalayas:
(A) Sacred Geography:

River Chenab or Chandrabhaga or Asikni: Udgam (Source) from two head-streams Chandra and Bhaga originating near the Baralacha La Pass in the Zanskar region of the Himalayas. The confluence of Chandra and Bhaga occurs at Tandi in the Lahaul-Spiti region of the Himachal Pradesh. (A tributary of River Indus)
River Ravi or Iravati or Airavati or Parushni: Udgam (Source) from Bara-Bhangal in the Kangra region of Himachal Pradesh. (A tributary of River Indus)
River Beas or Vipasha: Udgam (Source) from Rohtang Pass in the Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas in the Kullu region of Himachal Pradesh. (A tributary of River Indus)
(B) Pilgrimages:

Baijnath Temple, Kangra district, Himachal PradeshBaijnath
(Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh)
Devi Jwalamukhi Temple, Kangra district, Himachal PradeshJwalamukhi
(Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh)
Vajreshwari Devi Temple, Kangra district, Himachal PradeshVajreshwari
(Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh)
Manikaran, Kullu district, Himachal PradeshManikaran
(Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh)
Una - Chintpurni Devi Temple, Una district, Himachal PradeshChintpurni
(Una district, Himachal Pradesh)
Bilaspur - Naina Devi Temple, Bilaspur district, Himachal PradeshNaina Devi
(Bilaspur district, Himachal Pradesh)
4a. Uttarakhand Himalayas (Garhwal):
(A) Sacred Geography:

Garhwal Himalayas

River Alakananda (Trail): Udgam (Source) from Bhagiratha Kharak and Satopanth Glaciers of Uttarakhand Himalayas. (A head-stream of River Ganga)
- Dev Prayag, Rudra Prayag, Karna Prayag, Nanda Prayag, Vishnu Prayag, Joshimath, Badrinath
River Bhagirathi (Trail): Udgam (Source) from Gangotri Glacier at Gaumukh of Uttarakhand Himalayas. (A head-stream of River Ganga)
- Uttarkashi, Gangotri
River Ganga (Trail): Udgam (Source) formed by the confluence of River Alakananda and River Bhagirathi at Dev Prayag.
- Haridwar, Rishikesh
River Yamuna: Udgam (Source) from Yamunotri Glacier near the Bandarpunch peaks of Uttarakhand Himalayas. (A tributary of River Ganga)
- Yamunotri
River Mandakini: Udgam (Source) from Chorabari Glacier near Kedarnath of Uttarakhand Himalayas. (A tributary of River Alakananda)
- Ukhimath, Kalimath, Son Prayag, Gauri Kund, Kedarnath

River Dhauli Ganga flows through Uttarakhand (Garhwal)
- Vishnu Prayag
River Nandakini flows through Uttarakhand (Garhwal)
- Nanda Prayag
River Pindari (Pindar) flows through Uttarakhand (Garhwal)
- Karna Prayag
River Kali Ganga (Saraswati) flows through Uttarakhand (Garhwal)
- Kalimath
(B) Pilgrimages:

Haridwar, Haridwar district, UttarakhandHaridwar (314 m)
(Haridwar district, Uttarakhand)
Ganga flows
Rishikesh Triveni Ghat, Dehradun district, UttarakhandRishikesh (340 m)
(Dehradun district, Uttarakhand)
Ganga flows

Dev Prayag, Tehri Garhwal district, UttarakhandDev Prayag (690 m)
(Tehri Garhwal district, Uttarakhand)
Alakananda - Bhagirathi Sangam
Rudra Prayag, Rudra Prayag district, UttarakhandRudra Prayag (610 m)
(Rudra Prayag district, Uttarakhand)
Alakananda - Mandakini Sangam
Karna Prayag, Chamoli district, UttarakhandKarna Prayag (788 m)
(Chamoli district, Uttarakhand)
Alakananda - Pindari Sangam
Nanda Prayag, Chamoli district, UttarakhandNanda Prayag (914 m)
(Chamoli district, Uttarakhand)
Alakananda - Nandakini Sangam
Vishnu Prayag, Chamoli district, UttarakhandVishnu Prayag (1372 m)
(Chamoli district, Uttarakhand)
Alakananda - Dhauli Ganga Sangam

Joshimath, Chamoli district, UttarakhandJoshimath (1875 m)
(Chamoli district, Uttarakhand)
Alakananda flows
Badrinath - Badrinarayana Temple, Chamoli district, UttarakhandBadrinath (3300 m)
(Chamoli district, Uttarakhand)
Alakananda flows
Sapta Badris:
1. Badri Vishal
2. Adi Badri
3. Vriddha Badri
4. Bhavishya Badri
5. Yogadhyana Badri
6. Dhyana Badri
7. Ardha Badri

Gauri Kund, Rudraprayag district, UttarakhandGauri Kund (1982 m)
(Rudra Prayag district, Uttarakhand)
Mandakini flows
Kedarnath - Kedareshwarar Temple, Rudraprayag district, UttarakhandKedarnath (3581 m)
(Rudra Prayag district, Uttarakhand)
Mandakini flows
Pancha Kedars:
1. Kedarnath
2. Tunganath
3. Rudranath
4. Madhyamaheshwar
5. Kalpeshwar

Vishwanath Temple, Uttarkashi district, UttarakhandUttarkashi (1158 m)
(Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand)
Bhagirathi flows
Gangotri - Devi Ganga Temple, Uttarkashi district, UttarakhandGangotri (3140 m)
(Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand)
Bhagirathi Udgam (at Gaumukh)
Yamunotri - Devi Yamuna Temple, Uttarkashi district, UttarakhandYamunotri (3292 m)
(Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand)
Yamuna Udgam
4b. Uttarakhand Himalayas (Kumaon):
⛰ Kumaon Himalayas

5. Nepal Himalayas:
(A) Sacred Geography:

River Bagmati: Udgam (Source) formed by the convergence of three headwater streams at Baghdwar near Sundarijal in Nepal.
- Pashupatinath, Devi Guhyeshwari

River Gandaki or River Gandak: Udgam (Source) formed by the confluence of River Kali and River Trishuli, both of which rises in the Nepal Himalayas. The confluence takes place in Devghat in Nepal. (A tributary of River Ganga)
- Muktinath
(B) Pilgrimages:

Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu district, NepalPashupatinath
(Kathmandu district, Nepal)
Bagmati flows
Devi Guhyeshwari Temple, Kathmandu district, NepalGuhyeshwari
(Kathmandu district, Nepal)
Bagmati flows
Muktinath Temple, Mustang district, NepalMuktinath
(Mustang district, Nepal)
Gandaki flows
6. Purvanchal:
7. Assam Valley or Brahmaputra Valley:
(A) Sacred Geography:

River Brahmaputra flows through Assam Valley
River Basistha flows through Assam Valley
Lake Deepor Beel is in Assam Valley
(B) Pilgrimages:

Kamrup - Devi Kamakhya Temple, Kamrup district, AssamKamrup Kamakhya
(Kamrup district, Assam)
8. Meghalaya Plateau and Mikir Hills:


(B) Indo-Gangetic Plain:

1. Punjab Plain:
(A) Sacred Geography:

The Punjab Plain consists of the Plain of Indus. Five rivers merge together forming Panjnad and join the River Indus on the Pakistan side of the Punjab Plain. The river Indus finally merges with the Arabian Sea near Karachi.

The five rivers are:
River Jhelum
River Chenab
River Ravi
River Sutlej
River Beas
(B) Pilgrimages:

Sri KrishnaKurukshetra
(with Devi Bhadrakali)
(Kurukshetra district, Haryana)
Pehowa, Kurukshetra district, HaryanaPehowa (Pitrudhak Tirtha)
(Kurukshetra district, Haryana)
Jalandhar - Devi Tripuramalini Temple (Devi Talab Mandir), Jalandhar district, PunjabJalandhar Tripuramalini
(Jalandhar district, Punjab)
2. Upper Ganga Plain:
(A) Sacred Geography:

▬ River Ganga flows through Upper Ganga Plain
- Anga, Shringaverapura, Prayaga, Bithoor, Shukratal
▬ River Yamuna flows through Upper Ganga Plain
- Mathura, Gokula, Vrindavana, Govardhana
▬ River Sarayu flows through Upper Ganga Plain
- Ayodhya
▬ River Gomati flows through Upper Ganga Plain
- Naimisharanya
(B) Pilgrimages:

Sri RamaAyodhya
(Ayodhya district, Uttar Pradesh)
Sarayu, Tamasa flows
Kameshwar Dham, Ballia district, Uttar PradeshAnga
(Ballia district, Uttar Pradesh)
Ganga - Sarayu Sangam
Sri Rama and GuhaShringaverapura
(Prayagraj district, Uttar Pradesh)
Ganga flows
Triveni SangamaPrayaga
(Prayagraj district, Uttar Pradesh)
Ganga - Yamuna - hidden Saraswati Sangam

Bithoor Brahmavart Ghat, Kanpur Nagar district, Uttar PradeshBithoor
(Kanpur Nagar district, Uttar Pradesh)
Ganga flows

Birth of Sri KrishnaMathura
(Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh)
Yamuna flows
Sri Krishna stealing butterGokula
(Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh)
Yamuna flows
Sri Krishna Rasa LeelaVrindavana
(Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh)
Yamuna flows
Sri Krishna lifts Govardhan HillGovardhana
(Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh)
Yamuna flows

NaimisaranyaNaimisharanya
(Sitapur district, Uttar Pradesh)
Gomati flows
Shukratal, Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar PradeshShukratal
(Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar Pradesh)
Ganga flows
3. Middle Ganga Plain:
(A) Sacred Geography:

River Ganga flows through Middle Ganga Plain.
- Vindhyachal, Kashi
River Varana flows through Middle Ganga Plain.
- Kashi
River Asi flows through Middle Ganga Plain.
- Kashi
(B) Pilgrimages:

Vindhyachal, Mirzapur district, Uttar PradeshVindhyachal
(Mirzapur district, Uttar Pradesh)
Ganga flows
Vishwanath Jyotirlinga, Kasi, Varanasi district, Uttar PradeshKashi
(Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh)
Ganga, Varana, Asi flows
4. Lower Ganga Plain:
(A) Sacred Geography:

River Ganga flows through Lower Ganga Plain.
(B) Pilgrimages:

Devi Kali Temple, Kalighat, Kolkata district, West BengalKalighat Kali
(Kolkata district, West Bengal)
Ganga flows
Bhavatarini Kali Temple, Dakshnineshwar, North 24 Parganas district, West BengalDakshineshwar Kali
(North 24 Parganas district, West Bengal)
Ganga flows


(C) Rajasthan Plain:

1. Rajasthan Plain:
(A) Sacred Geography:

(B) Pilgrimages:

Lord BrahmaPushkar
(Ajmer district, Rajasthan)
Pushkar Lake



(D) Central Highlands:

1. Aravalli Mountain Range:
(A) Sacred Geography:

(B) Pilgrimages:

Sakrai Shakambhari temple, Jaipur district, RajasthanSakrai Shakambhari
(Sikar district, Rajasthan)
Aravalli Range foothills
Sambhar Shakambhari temple, Jaipur district, RajasthanSambhar Shakambhari
(Jaipur district, Rajasthan)
Sambhar Lake surrounded by Aravalli Range
2. Chambal Region:
3. Malwa Plateau:
(A) Sacred Geography:

(B) Pilgrimages:

Mahakaleshwar Temple, Ujjain, Ujjain district, Madhya PradeshUjjain Mahakaleshwar
(Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh)
Kshipra (Shipra) flows
Devi Harsiddhi Temple, Ujjain, Ujjain district, Madhya PradeshUjjain Harsiddhi
(Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh)
Kshipra (Shipra) flows
Devi Avanti Temple, Bhairava Parvata, Ujjain district, Madhya PradeshUjjain Avantika
(Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh)
Kshipra (Shipra) flows
Maheshwar Fort Temple, Khargone district, Madhya PradeshMaheshwar
(Khargone district, Madhya Pradesh)
Narmada flows
4. Bundelkhand:
(A) Sacred Geography:

Chitrakoota Mountain: Sri Rama stayed during forest exile.
River Mandakini flows through Bundelkhand (This is separate from River Mandakini of Uttarakhand)
- Chitrakoota
(B) Pilgrimages:

Sri Rama in ChitrakootChitrakoota (UP side)
(Chitrakoot district, Uttar Pradesh)
(Satna district, Madhya Pradesh)
Mandakini, Payaswini flows

Orchha Ram Raja Temple, Niwari district, Madhya PradeshOrchha
(Niwari district, Madhya Pradesh)
Betwa flows


5. Vindhya - Satpura Range:
(A) Sacred Geography:

Vindhya Mountain Range
Satpura Mountain Range

River Narmada: Udgam (Source) from Amarkantak in Maikal Hills between Vindhya and Satpura ranges.
- Amarkantak, Omkareshwar
(B) Pilgrimages:

Narmada Udgam, Amarkantak, Anuppur district, Madhya PradeshAmarkantak Narmada
(Anuppur district, Madhya Pradesh)
Narmada Udgam
Omkareshwar Temple, Omkareshwar, Khandwa district, Madhya PradeshOmkareshwar
(Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh)
Narmada flows
6. Baghelkhand:
(A) Sacred Geography:

⛰ Chitrakoota Mountain: Sri Rama stayed during forest exile.
▬ River Mandakini flows through Bundelkhand (This is separate from River Mandakini of Uttarakhand)
- Chitrakoota
(B) Pilgrimages:

Sri Rama in ChitrakootChitrakoota (MP side)
(Chitrakoot district, Uttar Pradesh)
(Satna district, Madhya Pradesh)
Mandakini, Payaswini flows
Devi Sharada Temple, Maihar, Satna district, Madhya PradeshMaihar Sharada
(Satna district, Madhya Pradesh)
Trikut Hill





(E) Chota Nagpur Plateau:

1. Chota Nagpur Plateau:



Regions in the Peninsular India & Islands:


(F) Gujarat Region:

1. Gujarat Coast:
(A) Sacred Geography:

Gulf of Khambhat
(B) Pilgrimages:

Somnath Temple, Saurashtra, Gir Somnath district, GujaratPrabhasa Somnath
(Gir Somnath district, Gujarat)
Sea Shore (Prabhasa Kshetra)
Bhalka Teertha, Gir Somnath district, GujaratPrabhasa Bhalka Teertha
(Gir Somnath district, Gujarat)
Sea Shore (Prabhasa Kshetra)
Dehotsarga Teertha, Gir Somnath district, GujaratPrabhasa Dehotsarga Teertha
(Gir Somnath district, Gujarat)
Sea Shore (Prabhasa Kshetra)
Dwarka Krishna Temple, Devbhoomi Dwarka district, GujaratDwarka
(Devbhoomi Dwarka district, Gujarat)
Sea Shore (Dwarka)
2. Gujarat Mainland:



(G) Maharashtra Region:

1. Maharashtra Coast (Western Coastal Plains) (Konkan Coast):
2. Maharashtra Ghats (Western Ghats):
(A) Sacred Geography:

River Godavari: Udgam (Source) from the Brahmagiri Hills in the Western Ghats (Sahyadri) -- (Nashik district)
River Bhima: Udgam (Source) from the Bhimashankar Hills in the Western Ghats (Sahyadri) -- (Pune district)
River Indrayani: Udgam (Source) from Kurvande village near Lonavala in Western Ghats (Sahyadri) (A tributary of River Bhima) -- (Pune district)
River Krishna: Udgam (Source) from the Mahabaleshwar Hills in the Western Ghats (Sahyadri) -- (Satara district)
River Ghataprabha: Udgam (Source) near Chaukul village in Western Ghats (Sahyadri) (A tributary of River Krishna) -- (Sindhudurg district)
(B) Pilgrimages:

Tryambakeshwar Temple, Nashik district, MaharashtraTryambakeshwar
(Nashik district, Maharashtra)
Godavari Udgam
Bhimashankar Temple, Pune district, MaharashtraBhimashankar
(Pune district, Maharashtra)
Bhima Udgam
3. Maharashtra Plateau:
(A) Sacred Geography:

Panchavati Forest (Puranic)

River Panchganga: Udgam (Source) formed by the confluence of four streams near Kolhapur: Kasari, Kumbhi, Tulsi and Bhogawati; also an underground Saraswati. (A tributary of River Krishna) -- (Kolhapur district)

River Godavari flows through Maharashtra Plateau
(B) Pilgrimages:

Nashik - Panchavati, Nashik district, MaharashtraPanchavati
(Nashik district, Maharashtra)
Godavari flows
Parli - Vaijnath Temple, Beed district, MaharashtraParli Vaijnath
(Beed district, Maharashtra)
Brahma, Venu, Saraswati flows

Aundha Nagnath Temple, Hingoli district, MaharashtraAundha Nagnath
(Hingoli district, Maharashtra)
Aundha Lake

Grishneshwar Temple, Aurangabad district, MaharashtraGrishneshwar
(Aurangabad district, Maharashtra)
Lake Shivalaya (Puranic)

Mahurgad Renuka Temple, Nanded district, MaharashtraMahurgad Renuka
(Nanded district, Maharashtra)



(H) Chhattisgarh Region:

1. Chhattisgarh Plains:
2. Dandakaranya:



(I) Odisha Region:

1. Odisha Coast (Eastern Coastal Plains) (Utkal Coast):
(A) Sacred Geography:

(B) Pilgrimages:

Jagannath Temple, Puri, Puri district, OdishaPuri Jagannath
and Devi Vimala
(Puri district, Odisha)
Sea Shore (Puri)
2. Odisha Highlands:



(J) Karnataka Region:

1. Karnataka Coast (Western Coastal Plains):
2. Karnataka Ghats (Western Ghats):
(A) Sacred Geography:

Kodachadri Hills (Kollur Mookambika)

River Malaprabha: Udgam (Source) in Kankumbi village in Western Ghats (Sahyadri). (A tributary of River Krishna) -- (Belagavi district)
River Tunga: Udgam (Source) in Gangamoola at Varaha Parvata in Western Ghats (Sahyadri). (A head-stream of River Tungabhadra which is a tributary of River Krishna) -- (Chikkamagaluru district)
River Bhadra: Udgam (Source) in Gangamoola at Varaha Parvata in Western Ghats (Sahyadri). (A head-stream of River Tungabhadra which is a tributary of River Krishna) -- (Chikkamagaluru district)
River Tungabhadra: Udgam (Source) in Koodli Sangam at the confluence of rivers Tunga and Bhadra. -- (Shimoga district)
River Kaveri: Udgam (Source) in Talakaveri in the Brahmagiri range of the Western Ghats. -- (Kodagu district)
(B) Pilgrimages:

Mookambika Temple, Kollur, Udupi district, KarnatakaKollur Mookambika
(Udupi district, Karnataka)
Kodachadri Hills foothills
Souparnika flows
3. Karnataka Plateau:



(K) Telangana Region:

1. Telangana Plateau:



(L) Andhra Pradesh Region:

1. Andhra Pradesh Coast (Eastern Coastal Plains):
2. Andhra Pradesh Ghats (Eastern Ghats):
(A) Sacred Geography:

(B) Pilgrimages:

Sri VenkateshwaraTirumala Venkateshwara
(Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh)
Jwala Narasimha, Ahobilam, Nandyal district, Andhra PradeshAhobilam Nava Narasimha
(Nandyal district, Andhra Pradesh)
Mallikarjuna Temple, Shrishailam, Nandyal district, Andhra PradeshShrishailam Mallikarjuna
and Devi Bhramaramba
(Nandyal district, Andhra Pradesh)
3. Rayalaseema Uplands:



(M) Kerala Region:

1. Kerala Coast (Western Coastal Plains) (Malabar Coast):
(A) Sacred Geography:

(B) Pilgrimages:

Lord VishnuThiruvananthapuram Anantha Padmanabha
(Thiruvananthapuram district, Kerala)



(N) Tamil Nadu Region:

1. Tamil Nadu Western Coastal Plains (Malabar Coast):
2. Tamil Nadu Western Ghats:
3. Tamil Nadu Uplands:
(A) Sacred Geography:

(B) Pilgrimages:

Devi KamakshiKanchipuram Kamakshi
(Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu)
Vegavathi flows
Ekambareshwarar temple, Kanchipuram, Kanchipuram district, Tamil NaduKanchipuram Ekambareshwarar
(Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu)
Vegavathi flows
Sri VishnuKanchipuram Varadaraja Perumal
(Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu)
Vegavathi flows
4. Tamil Nadu Eastern Ghats:
5. Tamil Nadu Eastern Coastal Plains (Coromandel Coast):
(A) Sacred Geography:

(B) Pilgrimages:

Rameshwaram Jyotirlinga, Ramanathapuram district, Tamil NaduRameshwaram
(Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu)
Sea Shore (Rameshwaram)
6. Tamil Nadu Southern Tip (Kanyakumari):
(A) Sacred Geography:

(B) Pilgrimages:

Devi Bhagavathy, Kanyakumari, Kanyakumari district, Tamil NaduKanyakumari Bhagavathy
(Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu)
Sea Shore (Kanyakumari)



(O) Southern Islands:

1. Sri Lanka:
2. Andaman & Nicobar Islands:
3. Lakshadweep Islands:




Meditations on Earth, Life and Dharma: >>



Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)

Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And help Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

Next >>

Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on Mar-2024

Site Map    Search    Contact    Updates