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Pilgrimages of Lord Shiva


Somanatha Jyotirlinga Jyotirlingas: 12 most sacred pilgrimages where Lord Shiva manifested in response to ardent prayers of the devotees.

1. Somanatha Jyotirlinga: सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथम् (Saurashtre Somanatham): Chandradeva performed penance at Prabhasa Kshetra to get relieved of his disease of consumption due to the curse of Daksha. Lord Shiva appeared before him and relieved him of his curse (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 14).
Somnath (Gir Somnath district, Gujarat)

2. Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga: श्रीशैले मल्लिकार्जुनम् (Shrishaile Mallikarjunam): Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati went to visit their son Kumara in the Krauncha Parvata and abided there as Jyoti (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 15).
Mallikarjun (Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh)

3. Mahakaleshwara Jyotirlinga: उज्जयिन्यां महाकालम् (Ujjayinyam Mahakalam): Devotee Veda Priya surrendered to Lord Shiva for protection against demon Dushana at Avanti. Lord Shiva appeared as Mahakaleshwara and vanquished demon Dushana with a humkara (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 16).
Mahakaleshwar (Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh)

4. Omkareshwara Jyotirlinga: ॐकारं अमलेश्वरम् (Omkaram Amaleshvaram): Vindhya Mountain performed penance at Omkareshwara to get the power to become higher. Lord Shiva appeared before him and granted the boon (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 18).
Omkareshwar (Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh)

5. Kedaranatha Jyotirlinga: हिमालये केदारम् (Himalaye Kedaram): Nara and Narayana, the incarnations of Hari, performed penance at Badaryashrama. Lord Shiva appeared before them and granted the boon to abide there for their worship (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 19).
Kedarnath (Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand)

6. Bhimashankara Jyotirlinga: डाकिन्यां भीमाशंकरम् (Dakinyam Bhimashankaram): Devotee Sudakshina surrendered to Lord Shiva for protection against demon Bhima at Kamarupa. Lord Shiva appeared before him and vanquished demon Bhima with a humkara (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 20 to 21).
Bhimashankar (Pune district, Maharashtra)

7. Vishwanatha Jyotirlinga: वाराणस्यां विश्वेशम् (Varanasyam Vishvesham): Lord Shiva established Kashi in the mortal world by placing it from his trident and subsequently abiding in Kashi as Vishwanatha (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 22).
Vishwanath (Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh)

8. Tryambakeshwara Jyotirlinga: त्र्यंबकं गौतमीतटे (Tryambakam Gautami-Tatte): Sage Gautama worshipped Lord Shiva at Brahmagiri mountain as an act of repentance for (a false accusation of) killing a cow. Lord Shiva appeared and relieved him from the false accusation. Lord Shiva also released river Ganga from his matted hairs which became famous in the world as Gautami Ganga (Godavari) (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 24 to 27).
Tryambakeshwar (Nashik district, Maharashtra)

9. Vaidyanatha Jyotirlinga: परल्यां वैद्यनाथम् (Paralyam Vaidyanatham): Ravana performed penance worshipping Lord Shiva at Kailasha. Lord Shiva appeared and gave him an Atma Linga. The Atma Linga got stuck in the ground while Ravana was carrying it back to Lanka (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 28).
Baidyanath Dham (Deogarh district, Jharkhand)
Parli Vaijnath (Beed district, Maharashtra)
Baijnath (Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh)

10. Nageshwara Jyotirlinga: नागेशं दारुकावने (Nagesham Darukavane): Devotee Supriya surrendered to Lord Shiva for protection against demon Daruka at Darukavana. Lord Shiva appeared before him and gave him the Pashupata Astra. Supriya vanquished the demons with it (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 29 to 30).
Nageshwar (Devbhoomi Dwaraka district, Gujarat)
Aundha Nagnath (Hingoli district, Maharashtra)
Jageshwar (Almora district, Uttarakhand)

11. Rameshwara Jyotirlinga: सेतुबंधे रामेशम् (Setubandhe Ramesham): Sri Rama worshipped Lord Shiva on the shore of the Southern Sea for victory against Ravana. Lord Shiva appeared before him and gave him the blessings of victory (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 31).
Rameshwaram (Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu)

12. Grishneshwara Jyotirlinga: घुश्मेशं शिवालये (Ghushmesham Shivalaye): Devotee Ghushma worshipped Lord Shiva by making one hundred and one Shiva Lingas as part of her daily worship at Shivalaya, even on the day she heard about the death of his son. Lord Shiva appeared before her and revived her son (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 32 to 33).
Grishneshwar (Aurangabad district, Maharashtra)


Pancha Bhoota Sthalams: 5 sacred temples of Shiva, each representing a prime element of Nature.

1. Kanchipuram - Ekambareswarar (Prithivi Lingam) (Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu): Devi Parvati performed penance in Kanchipuram under a mango tree (on the bank of river Kampa) to become reunited with Lord Shiva. She worshipped a Prithivi Lingam. Lord Shiva appeared before Her and took Her back as His consort.
2. Thiruvanaikaval - Jambukeshwarar (Jala Lingam) (Tiruchirapalli district, Tamil Nadu): Devi Parvati performed penance at Thiruvanaikaval (as directed by Lord Shiva) to get clarification of certain doubts. She worshipped a Jala Lingam made out of the water of river Kaveri. Lord Shiva appeared before Her and clarified her doubts.
3. Thiruvannamalai - Arunachaleshwarar (Agni Lingam) (Thiruvannamalai district, Tamil Nadu): Lord Shiva manifested as an infinite Taijasha Linga (Column of Fire) at Arunachala whose ends could not be found by Brahma and Vishnu. On the request of the Devas, Lord Shiva then manifested in a smaller form as the Arunachala Mountain for their worship.
4. Srikalahasti - Srikalahasteeshwarar (Vayu Lingam) (Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh): In Krita Yuga, Vayu worshipped this Linga at Maha Kailasha on the peak of Sivanandaikanilaya. In Treta Yuga spider Sri worshipped this Linga and attained salvation. In Treta Yuga, serpent Kala and elephant Hasti also worshipped this Linga and attained salvation.
5. Chidambaram - Natarajar (Akasha Lingam) (Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu): Lord Shiva danced the Ananda Tandava in the Thillaivana which was the ancient name of Chidambaram.


Astha Veerattha Sthalams: 8 sacred pilgrimages of Shiva where Shiva performed heroic deeds.

1. Thirukkurukkai Veeratteswarar (Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu): Thirukkurukkai Veeratteswarar is associated with the legend of Lord Shiva vanquishing Kamadeva.
2. Thirukkandiyur Brahmasirakandeeswarar (Thanjavur district, Tamil Nadu): Thirukkandiyur Brahmasirakandeeswarar is associated with the legend of Lord Shiva cutting off the fifth head of Brahma.
3. Thirukkadaiyur Amritaghateswarar (Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu): Thirukkadaiyur Amritaghateswarar is associated with the legend of Lord Shiva vanquishing Yama.
4. Thiruvirkudi Veeratteswarar (Tiruvarur district, Tamil Nadu): Thiruvirkudi Veeratteswarar is associated with the legend of Lord Shiva vanquishing demon Jalandhara.
5. Thiruvadigai Veeratteswarar (Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu): Thiruvadigai Veeratteswarar is associated with the legend of Lord Shiva vanquishing Tripurasuras.
6. Thirukkovilur Veeratteswarar (Viluppuram district, Tamil Nadu): Thirukkovilur Veeratteswarar is associated with the legend of Lord Shiva vanquishing Andhakasura.
7. Thiruppariyalur Veeratteswarar (Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu): Thiruppariyalur Veeratteswarar is associated with the legend of Lord Shiva destroying the Daksha Yagya.
8. Thiruvazhuvur Gaja Samhara Moorthy (Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu): Thiruvazhuvur Gaja Samhara Moorthy is associated with the legend of Lord Shiva vanquishing Gajasura.


Paadal Petra Sthalams: 276 Shiva temples praised by the Nayanmars.

1. Chola Naadu (North of Kaveri) (63): (Cuddalore, Nagapattinam, Thanjavur, Ariyalur, Tiruchirapalli districts, Tamil Nadu)
(1. Chidambaram) - (2. Thiruvetkalam) - (3. Thirunelvayil) - (4. Thirukkazhippalai) - (5. Thirunallur Perumanam) - (6. Thirumayendrappalli) - (7. Ten Thirumullaivayil) - (8. Thirukkalikkamur) - (9. Thiruchaikadu) - (10. Thirupallavaneeswaram) - (11. Thiruvenkadu) - (12. Keezhai Thirukkattuppalli) - (13. Thirukkarukavur) - (14. Sirkazhi) - (15. Thirukkolakka) - (16. Pullirukkuvelur) - (17. Thirukkannar Kovil) - (18. Thirukkadaimudi) - (19. Thirunintriyur) - (20. Thiruppunkur) - (21. Thiruneedur) - (22. Thiru Anniyur) - (23. Thiruvelvikudi) - (24. Edirkolpadi) - (25. Thirumanancheri) - (26. Thirukkurukkai) - (27. Thirukaruppariyalur) - (28. Thirukurakkukka) - (29. Thiruvalaputhur) - (30. Pazhamannippadikkarai) - (31. Omampuliyar) - (32. Thirukkanattumullur) - (33. Thirunaraiyur) - (34. Thirukadambur) - (35. Thiruppandanainallur) - (36. Thirukanjanur) - (37. Thirukkodikka) - (38. Thirumangalakudi) - (39. Thiruppanandal) - (40. Thiruvaippadi) - (41. Thiruseinjalur) - (42. Thirundudevankudi) - (43. Thiruviyalur) - (44. Kottaiyur) - (45. Innambar) - (46. Thiruppurambayam) - (47. Thiruvijayamangai) - (48. Thiruvaikavur) - (49. Vada Kurangaduturai) - (50. Thiruppazhanam) - (51. Thiruvaiyaru) - (52. Thiruneithanam) - (53. Thirupperumpuliyur) - (54. Thirumazhapadi) - (55. Thiruppazhuvur) - (56. Thirukkanoor) - (57. Anbilanturai) - (58. Thirumanturai) - (59. Thiruppatrurai) - (60. Thiruvanaikal) - (61. Thiruppainjili) - (62. Thiruppachilasramam) - (63. Thiruveengoimalai)

2. Chola Naadu (South of Kaveri) (129): (Tiruchirapalli, Karur, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Viluppuram districts, Tamil Nadu) (Puducherry Union Territory)
(1. Thiruvatpokki) - (2. Kadambandurai) - (3. Thirupparaithurai) - (4. Thirukkarkudi) - (5. Thirumukeeswaram) - (6. Thiruchirapalli) - (7. Thiruverumbur) - (8. Thirunedunkulam) - (9. Melai Thirukkattuppalli) - (10. Thiruvalampozhil) - (11. Thiruppunturutti) - (12. Thirukkandiyur) - (13. Thiruchotrutturai) - (14. Thiruvedikkudi) - (15. Thenkudithittai) - (16. Thiruppullamangai) - (17. Thiruchakkarappalli) - (18. Thirukkarukavur) - (19. Thiruppalaithurai) - (20. Thirunallur) - (21. Avur Pasupatheeswaram) - (22. Thirushakthi Mutram) - (23. Patteeswaram) - (24. Pazhayaarai Vadathali) - (25. Thiruvalanchuzi) - (26. Thirukkudamookku) - (27. Thirukkudanthai Keezhkottam) - (28. Thirukkundanthai Karonam) - (29. Thirunageswaram) - (30. Thiruvidaimarudur) - (31. Then Kurangaduthurai) - (32. Thiruneelakkudi) - (33. Thiruvaikal) - (34. Thirunallam) - (35. Thirukozhambam) - (36. Thiruvavaduthurai) - (37. Thirutturutti) - (38. Thiruvazhundur) - (39. Mayiladuthurai) - (40. Thiruvilanagar) - (41. Thiruppariyalur) - (42. Thiruchemponpalli) - (43. Thirunanipalli) - (44. Thiruvalampuram) - (45. Thiruthalaichangadu) - (46. Aakkur) - (47. Thirukkadavur) - (48. Thirukkadavur Mayanam) - (49. Thiruvettakkudi) - (50. Thiruttelicheri) - (51. Thirudharumapuram) - (52. Thirunalluru) - (53. Thirukkottaru) - (54. Ambar Perunthiru) - (55. Ambar Maakalam) - (56. Thirumeeyachur) - (57. Thirumeeyachur Ilankoyil) - (58. Thiruthiladaipathi) - (59. Thiruppambaram) - (60. Sirukudi) - (61. Thiruveezhimizhalai) - (62. Thiru Anniyur) - (63. Karuvilikottitai) - (64. Penuperunthurai) - (65. Thirunaraiyur) - (66. Arisirkaraiputhur) - (67. Sivapuram) - (68. Thirukalayanallur) - (69. Thirukarukkudi) - (70. Thiruvanchiyam) - (71. Nannilam) - (72. Thirukondeeswaram) - (73. Thiruppanaiyur) - (74. Thiruvirkudi) - (75. Thiruppugalur) - (76. Thiruppugalur Vardhamaneeswaram) - (77. Ramanadeeswaram) - (78. Thiruppayattrur) - (79. Thiruchengattankudi) - (80. Thirumarugal) - (81. Thiruchattamangai) - (82. Nagaikaronam) - (83. Sikkal) - (84. Keezhvelur) - (85. Thiruttevur) - (86. Thirupalliyin Mukkudal) - (87. Thiruvarur) - (88. Thiruvarur Araneri) - (89. Thiruvarur Paravayunmandali) - (90. Thiruvilamar) - (91. Karaveeram) - (92. Peruvelur) - (93. Thalaiyalankadu) - (94. Thirukkudavayil) - (95. Thirucherai) - (96. Thirunalurmayanam) - (97. Kaduvaikaraiputtur) - (98. Thiruvirumpoolai) - (99. Aradaiperumpazhi) - (100. Avalivanallur) - (101. Paridiniyamam) - (102. Koyil Venni) - (103. Thiruppuvanur) - (104. Paadaleswaram) - (105. Thirukkalar) - (106. Thiruchitremam) - (107. Thiruvusattanam) - (108. Thiruidumbavanam) - (109. Kaddikulam) - (110. Tandalaineelneri) - (111. Kottur) - (112. Thiruvendurai) - (113. Thirukkollampudur) - (114. Pereyil) - (115. Thirukkollikkadu) - (116. Thiruttenkur) - (117. Thirunellikka) - (118. Thirunattiyattankudi) - (119. Thirukarayil) - (120. Kanrappur) - (121. Thiruvalivalam) - (122. Kaichinam) - (123. Thirukkolili) - (124. Thiruvaimur) - (125. Thirumaraikkadu) - (126. Thiru Agathiyanpalli) - (127. Thirukkodi) - (128. Thiruvidaivai) - (129. Thirukiliyanavur)

3. Kongu Naadu (7): (Tiruppur, Erode, Namakkal, Karur districts, Tamil Nadu)
(1. Thiruppugoliyur) - (2. Thirumuruganpoondi) - (3. Thirunanaa) - (4. Kodimadachengundrur) - (5. Venchamakudal) - (6. Thiruppandikkodumudi) - (7. Karuvur)

4. Nadu Naadu (22): (Cuddalore, Viluppuram, Tiruvannamalai districts, Tamil Nadu) (Puducherry Union Territory)
(1. Thirunelvayil Aratturai) - (2. Pennagadam) - (3. Thirukudalaiyatrur) - (4. Thiru Erukkattampuliyur) - (5. Thiruttinai Nagar) - (6. Thiruchopuram) - (7. Thiruvatikai) - (8. Thirunavalur) - (9. Thirumudukunram) - (10. Thirunelvennei) - (11. Thirukkovalur) - (12. Araiyaninallur) - (13. Thiruvidaiyaru) - (14. Thiruvennainallur) - (15. Thirutturaiyur) - (16. Vatukur) - (17. Thirumanikuzhi) - (18. Thiruppadirippuliyur) - (19. Thirumundeeswaram) - (20. Puravar Panankattur) - (21. Thiru Aamathur) - (22. Thiruvannamalai)

5. Pandya Naadu (14): (Madurai, Shivaganga, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Virudhunagar, Tirunelveli districts, Tamil Nadu)
(1. Thiru Aalavai) - (2. Thiru Aappanur) - (3. Thirupparankundram) - (4. Thiruvedakam) - (5. Thirukkodunkundram) - (6. Thirupputhur) - (7. Thiruppunavayil) - (8. Rameswaram) - (9. Thiruvadanai) - (10. Thirukkanapper) - (11. Thiruppuvanam) - (12. Thiruchuzhiyal) - (13. Kutralam) - (14. Thirunelveli)

6. Tondai Naadu (31): (Kanchipuram, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Tiruvallur, Chennai, Vilupuram districts, Tamil Nadu)
(1. Thirukachi Ekambam) - (2. Thirukachi Metrali) - (3. Onakanthan Tali) - (4. Kachi Anekatangavatam) - (5. Kachi Nerikkaraikkadu) - (6. Kuranganilmuttam) - (7. Thiru Makaral) - (8. Thiruvothur) - (9. Vanparthan Panankattur) - (10. Thiruvallam) - (11. Thirumalpur) - (12. Thiruvural) - (13. Ilampaiyankottur) - (14. Thiruvirkolam) - (15. Thiruvalangadu) - (16. Thiruppasur) - (17. Thiruvenpakkam) - (18. Thirukkallil) - (19. Thiruvotriyur) - (20. Thiruvalithayam) - (21. Vada Thirumullaivayil) - (22. Thiruverkadu) - (23. Thirumayilai) - (24. Thiruvanmiyur) - (25. Thirukkachur) - (26. Thiruvidaichuram) - (27. Thirukkazhukkundram) - (28. Thiru Achirupakkam) - (29. Thiruvakkarai) - (30. Thiru Arasili) - (31. Thiru Irumbaimakalam)

7. Tuluva Naadu (1): (Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka)
(1. Thirugokarnam)

8. Malai Naadu (1): (Thrissur district, Kerala)
(1. Thiru Anchaikkalam)

9. Eezha Naadu (2): (Sri Lanka)
(1. Thirukkonamalai) - (2. Thirukketheeswaram)

10. Vada Naadu (6): (Kurnool, Chittoor districts, Andhra Pradesh)
(1. Thirupparuppadam) - (2. Thirukkalathi) - (3. Anekathangapadam) - (4. Thirukkedaram) - (5. Indiraneelparubatham) - (6. Nodithanmalai)

• 108 Shivalayas of Parashurama (Mostly in Kerala)

Other Shiva Pilgrimages

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Last updated on Jun-2021

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