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Thiruvinnagar Divya Desam - Oppiliappan Temple


• Thiruvinnagar Divya Desam - Greatness:

Sri VishnuMeditation: I meditate on Sri Oppiliappan and Sri Bhoomi Devi (Bhoomi Nachiyar) in Thiruvinnagar Divya Desam.

Divya Desam: Thiruvinnagar is a Divya Desam whose hymns was sung by Poigai Alvar, Peyalvar, Thirumangai Alvar and Nammalvar. It is the 13th Divya Desam and is located in Chola Nadu.
- Perumal is in Standing posture facing East.
- Pratyaksham: Markandeyar, Periya Thiruvadi (Garudar), Kaveri, Dharmadevata
- Mangalasasanam: Poigai Alvar, Peyalvar, Nammalvar, Thirumangai Alvar (47 Pasurams)
- Vimanam: Vishnu Vimanam, Suddhananda Vimanam
- Pushkarini: Ahoratra Pushkarini, Aarthi Pushkarini

Markandeya Kshetram: This place is known as Markandeya Kshetram because sage Markandeya performed penance here and brought up Devi Lakshmi (named Bhoomi Devi) as his adopted daughter.

Tulasi Vanam: This place is also known as Tulasi Vanam because sage Markandeya found Devi Lakshmi as a small girl in a Tulasi grove.

Then Tirupati: This place is also known as Then Tirupati or South Tirupati because the Perumal here is believed to be the brother of Tirupati Venkateshwara.

Vyoma Puri: This place is also known as Vyoma Puri or Akasha Puri (the city in the sky or the city of the sky).

Bhoolaka Vaikuntham: This place is also known as Bhoolaka Vaikuntham.

The name Oppiliappan: Since the Lord accepted to take food without salt, he is known as Oppiliappan (Uppu=Salt; Illa=Not; Appan=Father).

The name Lavana Varjita Venkatesha: Since the Lord accepted to take food without salt, he is known as Lavana Varjita Venkatesha (Lavana=Salt; Varjita=Without; Venkatesha=Lord).

The name Thiru Vinnagaram: Since the Lord came down from his heavenly abode (Vin Ulagam) the place is known as Thiru Vinnagaram.


• Thiruvinnagar Divya Desam - Deeds & Grace:

Sri Vishnu 1. Devi Lakshmi & sage Markandeya: Devi Lakshmi incarnating as Bhoomi Devi (Bhoomi Nachiyar): Sage Markandeya was performing penance in the Tulasi Vanam. Three rivers were flowing towards the south - Dakshina Ganga, Dakshina Yamuna and Dakshina Godavari. Devi Lakshmi incarnated as a small girl under a Tulasi plant. Sage Markandeya discovered her and was attracted by her loveliness. The sage adopted her as a foster father and named her as Bhoomi Devi as she was found on the ground.
Image of Bhoomi Nachiyar: The Image of Bhoomi Nachiyar is in the garbhagriha itself in Semi-Sitting posture and facing North. The goddess does not have a separate shrine in this temple.
Image of sage Markandeya: The Image of sage Markandeya is also in the garbhagriha of the temple in the kanya-dana posture (i.e. gifting away his daughter in marriage).

2. Lord Vishnu & sage Markandeya: Lord Vishnu appearing as an old brahmin: When Bhoomi Devi grew up, sage Markandeya was keen on getting her married to Lord Vishnu himself. Lord Vishnu incarnated in the form of an old brahmin (on Panguni Ekadasi day when Tiruvona Nakshatra was in ascendency) and came to sage Markandeya. He was wearing torn clothes and was holding a stick and a kamandalam. The sage extended his hospitality to the old brahmin. The brahmin soon asked for the hand of his daughter so that she can serve him in his old age. Sage Markandeya was astounded and tried to dissuade him in various ways, even telling that his daughter cannot cook food properly and often forgets to add salt. However, the brahmin was adamant and threatened to end his life if the daughter is not given to him in marriage. Sage Markandeya finally took refuge of Lord Narayana who revealed to him his true form with Shankha and Chakra, and one hand stretched to receive the bride. Sage Markandeya was overwhelmed with joy and requested the Lord to abide there and also confer Moksha to him. He also requested that since the Lord has agreed to take food without salt, the devotees also should relish such food. Since the Lord accepted to take food without salt, he is known as Oppiliappan (Uppu=Salt; Illa=Not; Appan=Father). Also since the Lord came down from his heavenly abode (Vin Ulagam) the place is known as Thiru Vinnagaram.
Image of Sri Oppiliappan: The Image of Sri Oppiliappan is in standing posture facing East.
Panguni Ekadasi with Tiruvona Nakshatra: Lord Vishnu incarnated in the form of an old brahmin on Panguni Ekadasi day when Tiruvona Nakshatra was in ascendency.

3. Lord Vishnu & Devi Lakshmi: Lord Vishnu marrying Devi Lakshmi: Lord Vishnu married Devi Lakshmi here. The divine marriage took place on the month of Aippasi when Tiruvona Nakshatra was in ascendency.
Aippasi with Tiruvona Nakshatra: The divine marriage took place on the month of Aippasi when Tiruvona Nakshatra was in ascendency.

4. Lord Vishnu & Poigai Alvar: Poigai Alvar singing hymns in this Divya Desam: Poigai Alvar sang hymns in praise of the Lord in this Divya Desam.

5. Lord Vishnu & Peyalvar: Peyalvar singing hymns in this Divya Desam: Peyalvar sang hymns in praise of the Lord in this Divya Desam.

6. Lord Vishnu & Thirumangai Alvar: Thirumangai Alvar singing hymns in this Divya Desam: Thirumangai Alvar sang hymns in praise of the Lord in this Divya Desam.

7. Lord Vishnu & Nammalvar: Nammalvar singing hymns in this Divya Desam: Nammalvar sang hymns in praise of the Lord in this Divya Desam.
Lord in five forms: Nammalvar had the vision of the Lord in five forms - PonnAppan, MainAppan, MuthAppan, EnnAppan and VinnagarAppan.

8. Lord Vishnu & brahmin Deva Sarma: Lord Vishnu redeeming Deva Sarma from curse: A brahmin named Deva Sarma who was well versed in the Vedas was cursed by sage Jaimini for misbehaving with his daughter. Deva Sarma became a Krauncha bird (Heron) due to that curse. However, as instructed by sage out of mercy, he went to Markandeya Kshetra and sat on a tree near the temple Pushkarini. A storm broke the branch of the tree and made the bird fall in the temple tank at night. The touch of the holy waters redeemed Deva Sarma from his curse and he went to Vaikuntha. The pushkarini became known as Ahoratra Pushkarini since one can take bath in it either during day or during night.
Ahoratra Pushkarini: This is the Pushkarini where one can take bath either during the day or during the night.


• Thiruvinnagar Divya Desam - Sacred Geography:

Sri VishnuDakshina Ganga: Ancient river associated with this Kshetram.
Dakshina Yamuna: Ancient river associated with this Kshetram.
Dakshina Godavari: Ancient river associated with this Kshetram.
Ahoratra Teertham: Pushkarini of the temple.


• Thiruvinnagar Divya Desam - To See:

Sri Vishnu 1. Image of Perumal: The Image of Sri Oppiliappan in Standing posture facing East.

2. Image of Thayar: The Image of Sri Bhoomi Devi (Bhoomi Nachiyar) within the garbhagriha of the temple itself. She has no separate shrine within the temple.

3. Image of sage Markandeya: The Image of sage Markandeya within the garbhagriha of the temple in kanya dana posture.

4. Image of Sri Rama: The Image of Sri Rama in a separate shrine.

5. Image of Sri Krishna: The Image of Sri Krishna in a separate shrine.

6. Image of Sri Vedanta Desika: The Image of Sri Vedanta Desika in a separate shrine.

7. Vimana of the temple: The Vimana of the temple known as Vishnu Vimana or Suddhananda Vimana.

8. Pushkarini of the temple: The Pushkarini of the temple known as Ahoratra Teertham.


• Thiruvinnagar Divya Desam - Location:

• Thiruvinnagar is located in the Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu. This is in Chola Nadu.
• The temple can be visited from Kumbakonam. The temple is located in Thirunageswaram which is around 7 km from Kumbakonam.



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Last updated on Sep-2021

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