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Shiva Purana

Incarnations of Shiva:

Shiva नन्दीश्वर उवाच
असङ्ख्याता हि कल्पेषु विभो सर्वेश्वरस्य वै ।
अवतारास्तथापीह वच्म्यहं तान्यथामति ॥४॥

Nandiishvara Uvaaca
Asangkhyaataa Hi Kalpessu Vibho Sarveshvarasya Vai |
Avataaraas-Tatha-Api-Iha Vacmyaham Taan-Yathaa-Mati ||4||

Nandishvara said:
1: In the different kalpas Sarveshvara has innumerable incarnations,
2: Inspite of that I will speak about (some of) them as per my wisdom.

(Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 1.4)

Group 1: Incarnations:

Shiva 1. Sadyojata Incarnation (Earth) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 1)
2. Vamadeva Incarnation (Water) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 1)
3. Tatpurusha Incarnation (Wind) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 1)
4. Aghora Incarnation (Intellect) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 1)
5. Ishana Incarnation (Individual Soul) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 1)

Group 2: Presiding Deities:

Shiva 1. Sharva Incarnation (Earth) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 2)
2. Bhava Incarnation (Water) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 2)
3. Rudra Incarnation (Fire) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 2)
4. Ugra Incarnation (Wind) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 2)
5. Bhima Incarnation (Sky) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 2)
6. Pashupati Incarnation (Soul) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 2)
7. Ishana Incarnation (Sun) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 2)
8. Mahadeva Incarnation (Moon) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 2)

Group 3: Varahakalpa - 7th Manvantara - End of Dwapara Yuga:

Shiva 1. Shweta Muni Incarnation (1st Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 4) - Chagala peak of Himalayas
2. Sutara Incarnation (2nd Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 4)
3. Damana Incarnation (3rd Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 4)
4. Suhotra Incarnation (4th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 4)
5. Kanka Incarnation (5th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 4)
6. Lokakshi Incarnation (6th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 4)
7. Jaigishavya Incarnation (7th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 4) - Cave in Kashi
8. Dadhivahana Incarnation (8th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 4)
9. Rishabha Incarnation (9th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 4)
10. (Unnamed) Incarnation (10th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Bhrigutunga peak of Himalayas
11. Kali Incarnation (11th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Gangadwara
12. (Unnamed) Incarnation (12th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5)
13. Bali Incarnation (13th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Balakhilya ashrama on Gandhamadana mountain
14. Gautama Incarnation (14th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5)
15. Vedashira Incarnation (15th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Himalayas & river Saraswati
16. Gokarna Incarnation (16th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Gokarna forest
17. Guhavasi Incarnation (17th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Himalayas
18. Sikhandi Incarnation (18th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Sikhandi mountain
19. Jattimali Incarnation (19th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Himalayas
20. Attahasa Incarnation (20th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5)
21. Daruka Incarnation (21th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Darukavana
22. Languli Bhima Incarnation (22th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Varanasi
23. Shweta Incarnation (23th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Kalanjara mountain
24. Shula Incarnation (24th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Naimisharanya kshetra
25. Dandi Incarnation (25th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5)
26. Sahishnu Incarnation (26th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Bhadravata
27. Somasharma Incarnation (27th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Prabhasa Tirtha
28. Lakuli Incarnation (28th Dwapara) (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 5) - Cave of Mount Meru

Group 4: Incarnations

Shiva 1. Ardhanareeswara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 3)
2. Nandeeswara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 6)
3. Bhairava Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 8)
4. Virabhadra Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 10)
5. Sarabha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 12)
6. Grihapati Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 13)
7. Yaksheshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 16)

Group 5: Dasa Mahavidya Bhairavas:

Shiva 1. Mahakala Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)
2. Tara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)
3. Bhuvanesha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)
4. Srividyesha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)
5. Bhairava Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)
6. Chinnamastaka Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)
7. Dhumavan Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)
8. Bagalamukha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)
9. Matanga Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)
10. Kamala Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 17)

Group 6: 11 Rudras:

Shiva 1. Kapali Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
2. Pingala Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
3. Bhima Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
4. Virupaksha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
5. Vilohita Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
6. Shasta Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
7. Ajapada Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
8. Ahirbudniya Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
9. Shambhu Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
10. Canda Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)
11. Bhava Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 18)

Group 7: Incarnations:

Shiva 1. Durvasa Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 19)
2. Hanuman Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 20)
3. Mahesha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 21)
4. Vrisheshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 22)
5. Pippalada Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 24)
6. Vaishyanatha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 26)
7. Dwijeshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 27)
8. Yatinatha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 28)
9. Krishna-Darshana Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 29)
10. Avaduteshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 30)
11. Bhikshuvarya Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 31)
12. Sureshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 32)
13. Brahmachari Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 33)
14. Sunartaka-Nata Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 34)
15. Sadhu-Dwija Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 35)
16. Ashwatthama Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 36)
17. Kirata Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 37)

Group 8: Jyotirlinga Incarnations:

Shiva 1. Somanatha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
2. Mallikarjuna Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
3. Mahakaleshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
4. Omkareshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
5. Kedarnatha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
6. Bhimashankara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
7. Vishwanatha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
8. Tryambakeshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
9. Vaidyanatha Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
10. Nageshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
11. Rameshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)
12. Grishneshwara Incarnation (Shiva Purana - Shata Rudra Samhita - 42)


Jyotirlingas of Shiva:

Shiva Refer to Jyotirlinga Sloka

1. Somanatha Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 14) - Prabhasa Kshetra
• Where Lord Shiva relieved the curse of Chandra Deva (given by Daksha)
Somnath (Gir Somnath district, Gujarat)

2. Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 15) - Krauncha mountain
• Where Shiva and Parvati came to see their son Kumara and abided as Jyoti
Mallikarjun (Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh)

3. Mahakaleshwara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 16) - Avanti
• Where Lord Shiva protected devotee Veda Priya and brahmanas from demon Dushana
Mahakaleshwar (Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh)

4. Omkareshwara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 18) - Omkareshwar
• Where Lord Shiva granted boon to Vindhya mountain
Omkareshwar (Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh)

5. Kedarnatha Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 19) - Badaryashrama
• Where Lord Shiva granted boon to devotees Nara and Narayana and abided in that place for their worship
Kedarnath (Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand)

6. Bhimashankara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 20 to 21) - Kamarupa
• Where Lord Shiva protected devotee Sudakshina from the atrocities of demon Bhima
Bhimashankar (Pune district, Maharashtra)

7. Vishwanatha Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 22) - Kashi
• Where Lord Shiva established Kashi in the mortal world by placing it from his trident
Vishwanath (Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh)

8. Tryambakeshwara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 24 to 27) - Brahmagiri mountain
• Where Lord Shiva relieved sage Gautama from the false accusation of brahmanas and released river Ganga (Gautami Ganga or Godavari) from his matted hairs
Tryambakeshwar (Nashik district, Maharashtra)

9. Vaidyanatha Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 28)
• Where the Shiva Linga given by Lord Shiva to Ravana got fixed while carrying to Lanka
Baidyanath Dham (Deogarh district, Jharkhand)
Parli Vaijnath (Beed district, Maharashtra)
Baijnath (Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh)

10. Nageshwara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 29 to 30) - Darukavana
• Where Lord Shiva protected devotee Supriya from the atrocities of demon Daruka
Nageshwar (Devbhoomi Dwaraka district, Gujarat)
Aundha Nagnath (Hingoli district, Maharashtra)
Jageshwar (Almora district, Uttarakhand)

11. Rameshwara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 31) - Southern sea shore
• Where Lord Shiva granted the boon to Sri Rama for victory against Ravana
Rameshwaram (Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu)

12. Grishneshwara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 32 to 33) - Shivalaya
• Where Lord Shiva revived the son of devotee Ghushma who was killed by his step-mother
Grishneshwar (Aurangabad district, Maharashtra)


Incarnation of Devi Sati:

Devi 1. Incarnation of Devi Sati (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Sati Khanda - 14)
2. Penance of Devi Sati (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Sati Khanda - 15)
3. Sacrifice of Daksha (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Sati Khanda - 27 to 43)


Incarnation of Devi Parvati:

Devi 1. Incarnation of Devi Parvati (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Parvati Khanda - 1 to 6) - Himalayas
2. Penance of Devi Parvati (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Parvati Khanda - 22) - Shringi Tirtha or Gauri Shikhara & river Ganga


Penance on Shiva:

Devi 1. Penance of Sandhya (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Sati Khanda - 4) - Chandrabhaga mountain, river Chandrabhaga & lake Brihallohita
2. Penance of Devi Sati (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Sati Khanda - 15)
3. Penance of Devi Parvati (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Parvati Khanda - 22) - Shringi Tirtha or Gauri Shikhara & river Ganga


Battles of Lord Shiva:

Lord Shiva 1. Vanquishing the Tripurasuras (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Yuddha Khanda - 1 to 10)
2. Slaying of Jalandhara (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Yuddha Khanda - 13 to 24)
3. Slaying of Samkhachuda (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Yuddha Khanda - 27 to 40)
4. Vanquishing the pride of Andhakasura (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Yuddha Khanda - 42 to 49)
5. Vanquishing the pride of Banasura (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Yuddha Khanda - 51 to 56)
6. Slaying of Gajasura (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Yuddha Khanda - 57)
7. Slaying of Dundubhi Nirhrada (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Yuddha Khanda - 57)


Others:

Shiva 1. Bestowing of Mritasanjivani Vidya to Shukracharya (Shiva Purana - Yuddha Khanda - 50)
2. Glory of Bilva (Shiva Purana - Vidyeshwara Samhita - 22)
3. Glory of Rudraksha (Shiva Purana - Vidyeshwara Samhita - 25)
4. Flowers for Pashupata Vrata (Shiva Purana - Vayaviya Samhita - Purva Bhaga - 33)
5. Flowers for adoring Shiva (Shiva Purana - Vayaviya Samhita - Uttara Bhaga - 25)
6. Flowers for worshipping Shiva (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Sristi Khanda - 11.56 to 57)
7. Flowers for Nanda Vrata (Shiva Purana - Rudra Samhita - Sati Khanda - 15.19, 15.20, 15.22 and 15.23)
8. Flowers for Akshaya Tritiya (Shiva Purana - Uma Samhita - 51)
9. Flowers for Tritiya (Shiva Purana - Uma Samhita - 51)



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