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Mahakaleshwara Jyotirlinga

(Ref: Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 16)

Shiva Mahakaleshwar JyotirlingaMeditation: I meditate on the Mahakaleshwara Jyotirlinga at Avanti where devotee Veda Priya surrendered to Lord Shiva for protection against demon Dushana. Lord Shiva appeared as Mahakaleshwara and vanquished demon Dushana with a humkara.

Demon Dushana tormenting Veda Priya and brahmanas: In the city of Avanti there lived a brahmana who was very noble. He studied and followed the Vedas. The brahmana (Veda Priya) was a devotee of Shiva and used to worship Shiva daily by making a Parthiva Linga. Veda Priya had four sons - Deva Priya, Parama Priya, Sukrita and Suvrata. The sons were also noble and devoted to Shiva. Due to the nobleness of these brahmanas the entire city was filled with Brahmateja. A demon named Dushana lived in the Ratnamala mountain. By getting boon from Brahma he becomes very powerful. He defeats the devas and drives them out of their abodes. He was of evil nature and was intent upon destroying the Vedic Dharma. To destroy the Vedic Dharma at Avanti, Dushana arrives there with a huge army. He calls four of his demons and tells them to punish the brahmanas who follow Vedic Dharma. Either the brahmana should leave the Vedic Dharma and worship of Shiva or their lives will be in danger. The four demons start spreading terror in the city.

Veda Priya and brahmanas taking refuge of Lord Shiva: The brahmanas do not get distracted and continue to worship Lord Shiva. The people of Avanti becomes terrified and takes refuge of the brahmanas. The brahmanas tell them that they neither have weapons nor the strength to face the demons. But they have taken refuge of Shiva. So their disgrace will be the disgrace of Shiva. Therefore let Shiva protect them. So saying they continue to worship Shiva.

Shiva protecting Veda Priya and the brahmanas: Dushana orders the demons to bind all the brahmanas and beat them. The brahmanas still do not bother and continue to meditate on Shiva. When the demons try to harm the brahmanas, a pit forms near the Parthiva Linga with a loud sound. Out of that hole Shiva arise assuming the terrible form of Mahakala. Shiva declares that he as Mahakala has come to destroy the wicked. Thus speaking he gives out a Humkara. Dushana and part of his army becomes reduced to ashes. Part of the army flee. The gods play musical instruments and rain flowers from heaven. The brahmanas offer their salutations to their Lord. Shiva becomes pleased and tells the brahmanas to ask for a boon. The brahmanas request the Lord to redeem them and abide there for the welfare of all. Shiva bestows salvation to the brahmanas at His Feet and abides there in the form of a Linga (Mahakaleshwara Jyotirlinga). From that day Shiva becames famous as Mahakaleshwara. By seeing this Linga, a person does not have to face misery. His desires are fulfilled and he finally attains moksha.

Pilgrimage: Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Ujjain district, Madhya Pradesh Mahakaleshwara Jyotirlinga is identified with Mahakaleshwar temple in Ujjain, in the Ujjain district of Madhya Pradesh.


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Last updated on Aug-2021

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