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Nageshwara Jyotirlinga

(Ref: Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 29 to 30)

Shiva Nageshwar JyotirlingaMeditation: I meditate on the Nageshwara Jyotirlinga at Darukavana where devotee Supriya surrendered to Lord Shiva for protection against demon Daruka; and where Lord Shiva appeared before him and gave him the Pashupata Astra by which he vanquished the demons.

Demon Daruka torments devotee Supriya: There was a demon called Daruka living with his wife Darukaa and other demons in a vast forest (Darukavana) spreading over sixteen yojanas on the western coast of the ocean. Demoness Darukaa obtains a boon from Devi Parvati, because of which wherever she moves in the forest, that part becomes full of trees and other requisites. Daruka was of evil nature and harassed people by destroying their yagnas.

The noble people who were terrorised by the demons takes refuge with sage Aurva and requests him to protect them. Sage Aurva pronounces a curse on the demons that if they try to kill the people on the earth, they will themselves be killed inspite of them being powerful. The gods come to know of this curse and by taking this opportunity starts preparing for a war with the demons.

The demons come to know of the intention of the gods and become worried. In case they fight, they will perish; in case they do not fight, they will still perish. In case they stay as they are, what shall they eat? When they were thus worried, demoness Darukaa tells them that she has a boon from Devi Parvati by means of which she can carry the entire forest wherever she liked. Then she carries the entire forest within the ocean. Due to the curse of sage Aurva, the demons do not return on earth, but roams about on the surface of water. They engage themselves in harassing the sailors.

Once, several boats arrive there. The demons make the people captive and imprisons them in their city. The leader of those people was Supriya, a vaishya and a great devotee of Shiva.

Shiva appearing to protect Supriya: Inside the jail, Supriya worships Lord Shiva in a Parthiva Linga. He also teaches other people how to worship Shiva. In this manner six months pass. Then one day Daruka comes to know of this and enquires Supriya about the object of his meditation. Supriya tells that he knows nothing. Daruka becomes angry and orders the demons to kill Supriya. Supriya closes his eyes and meditates on Lord Shiva. Shiva appears from within a pit and gives the Pashupata astra to Supriya. Supriya kills all the demons with it.

Shiva and Parvati abiding in the forest: Shiva then grants a boon to the forest that the four castes (Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras) will flourish in that forest. Excellent sages and devotees of Shiva will live there and not persons of tamashika nature. In the meantime, demoness Darukaa who was a devotee of Devi Parvati invokes the goddess through hymns. Devi Parvati appears and gives her a boon that her race will be protected. There was a mild conflict between Shiva and Parvati due to their conflicting boons. However the conflict gets resolved in a loving manner. Devi Parvati says that the boon of Shiva will take effect after the end of the yuga. Till then there will be tamashik creation. Else there will be a pralaya. Demoness Darukaa who is her own shakti will rule over the rakshasas, and their descendants will collectively stay in the forest. Shiva thereafter says that he would stay in the forest and lovingly protect the devotees. Then Shiva takes the form of the Jyotirlinga Nageshwara and Parvati becomes known as Nageshwari. The Nageshwara Jyotirlinga fulfills all the desires of the people.

Pilgrimage: Nageshwara Jyotirlinga, Devbhoomi Dwarka district, Gujarat Aundha Nagnath Jyotirlinga, Hingoli district, Maharashtra Jageshwar Mahadev Temple, Almora district, Uttarakhand Nageshwara Jyotirlinga, Devbhoomi Dwarka district, Gujarat Nageshwara Jyotirlinga is identified with three temples:
1. Nageshwar temple in the Devbhoomi Dwarka district of Gujarat.
2. Aundha Nagnath temple in the Hingoli district of Maharashtra.
3. Jageshwar Mahadev temple in the Almora district of Uttarakhand.



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Last updated on Aug-2021

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