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Vishwanatha Jyotirlinga

(Ref: Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita - 22)

Shiva Vishwanath JyotirlingaMeditation: I meditate on the Vishwanatha Jyotirlinga at Kashi, the city established by Lord Shiva in the mortal world by placing it from his trident and subsequently abiding in it as Vishwanatha.

Lord Shiva creating Kashi: Shiva, in the form of Chidananda (Consciousness and Bliss), who is without vikaras (modifications), who is advitiya (one without a second) and sanatana (eternal), once willed of becoming saguna (with attributes). It split into male and female forms. The male form is known as Shiva (as saguna) and the female form is known as Shakti. Thereafter a divine voice emerge from the nirgina Paramatman which tells them (Purusha and Prakriti) to perform tapas for starting the creation. Purusha and Prakriti tells the (nirguna) Shiva: There is no place to perform tapas, so where should we perform tapas as commanded by You? Then the (nirguna) Shiva from the essence of its tejas creates a beautiful city extending five kroshas.

Lord Shiva holding Kashi on his Trident: Then Shiva establishes Vishnu in that city for creation. Vishnu performs tapas there for a long time. By that tapas several streams emerge. At that time everything was shunya and nothing else was visible. Vishnu sees this strange sight (of nothingness) and shakes his head (in surprise). Then a mani (gem) falls from his ear. That mani turns into a great tirtha known as Manikarnika. When the streams of water flows and spreads upto five krosas, Shiva holds the city on the tip of His trident. Then Vishnu sleeps there with Prakriti as his wife. By the command of Shiva, from the navi (navel) of Vishnu was born Brahma seated over a lotus. By the command of Shiva, Brahma creates fourteen lokas in the Brahmanda.

Lord Shiva establishing Kashi in the mortal world: The living beings born within the lokas of Brahmanda are bound by karma. So how can they attain me? Thus thinking Shiva separates the Panchakrosi (holding it on his trident). This place bestows auspiciousness, destroys the karmas, and thus reveals the illumination of Moksha. The place bestows divine knowledge and is very dear to Shiva. Shiva the Paramatman establishes the Avimukta Swayambhu Linga in that kshetra (in the tip of his trident) and says: This kshetra is part of my amsha (part), so I will never leave it. Thus uttering Shiva places Kashika from his trident on the mortal world. Kashi does not get destroyed even after a day of Brahma. At that time, Shiva holds it on his trident. When Brahma again recreates, Kashi is again established on the earth. The Avimukteshwara Linga of Kashi liberates one from grave sins. At other places, one attains only Sarupya Mukti while at Kashi one attains Sayujya Mukti.

Lord Shiva abiding in Kashi: Kalagni Rudra and Avimukta prays to Lord Shiva to abide in Kashi for the welfare of all. Thereafter Shiva for the benefit of the people abides in Kashi. The city then becames greater than ever before.

Pilgrimage: Vishwanath Jyotirlinga, Kasi, Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh Vishwanath Jyotirlinga, Kasi, Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh Vishwanatha Jyotirlinga is identified with Vishwanath temple in the Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh.


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Last updated on Aug-2021

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