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Creation

Types of Creation:


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Types of Creation: There are nine types of creation (sarga) which consists of Prakrta (Natural) and Vaikrta (Secondary or Derivative). (The secondary creations are creations of Lord Brahma).

Types of Dissolution: There are three types of dissolution (pratisankrama). Due to Kala (Time), Dravya (Matter) and Guna (Quality).



Bhagavan:


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 5: Bhagavan: In the beginning, before this creation, Bhagavan, Who is the Aatma of the jivas, was there as One without a second (eka).

Maya: He was the only Seer (Drasta), and He did not see any Drishya (Creation). His Shakti (Power of Creation) was lying supta (dormant) but Drk (Power of Consciousness which sees) was asupta (awake). It is this Shakti of the Lord which is called Maya, which is both the cause and the effect of creation, and by which the Lord creates this universe.

Kala: The influence of Kala (Time) acted on the Maya.

Gunas: This influence disturbed the equilibrium of the Gunas within Maya.

Purusha: Then Lord as Purusha (symbolized as male), Who is His own part (Aatma-bhuta), placed His seed (virya) in Maya (symbolized as female) consisting of the three Gunas.

Mahat: Then, by the interaction of Kala (Time), the Avyakta (unmanifest) gave rise to Mahat, which is the vijnana aatma situated within the body of the Lord, which dispels ignorance. From this the universe manifests (in stages).



(A) Prakrta Sarga (Natural Creation):

1. Mahat:


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Mahat: The first is the creation of Mahat due to Guna Vaishamya (Dis-equilibrium of Gunas) in the Aatman.

Note:
- The Gunas (Qualities) are: Sattva, Rajas and Tamas



2. Aham:


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Aham: The second is the creation of Aham (I-sense) which gives rise to Dravya (Gross Elements), Jnana (Sense Perception) and Kriya (Organs of Actions).

Note:
- The Dravyas (Gross Elements) are: Prithvi (Earth), Apas (Water), Tejas (Fire), Vayu (Air) and Aakasha (Space)



3. Bhutas:


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Bhutas: The third is the creation of Bhutas (Elements) which consists of the creation of Tanmatras (Subtle Elements), which power the creation of Dravyas (Gross Elements).

Note:
- The Tanmatras (Subtle Elements) are: Shabda (Sound), Sparsha (Touch), Rupa (Form), Rasa (Taste) and Gandha (Smell)
- The respective Dravyas (Gross Elements) are: Aakasha (Space), Vayu (Air), Tejas (Fire), Apas (Water) and Prithvi (Earth)



4. Indriyas:


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Indriyas: The fourth is the creation of the Indriyas (Senses) which are of the nature of Jnana (Perception) and Kriya (Action).

Note:
- The Indriyas of Jnana (Knowledge of Perception) are: Shrotra (Knowledge of Sound), Sparshana (Knowledge of Touch), Chakshu (Knowledge of Sight), Rasana (Knowledge of Taste) and Ghrana (Knowledge of Smell)
- The respective Indriyas of Kriya (Organs of Perception) are: Karna (Ear), Twacha (Skin), Netra (Eye), Jihwa (Tongue) and Nasa (Nose)



5. Devas (under Prakrta Sarga):


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Devas (under Prakrta Sarga): The fifth is the creation of the Devas (Deities presiding over the Indriyas).

Note:
- There is creation of another class of Devas under Vaikrta Sarga.
- The Indriyas of Jnana (Knowledge of Perception) are: Shrotra (Knowledge of Sound), Sparshana (Knowledge of Touch), Chakshu (Knowledge of Sight), Rasana (Knowledge of Taste) and Ghrana (Knowledge of Smell)
- The respective Indriyas of Kriya (Organs of Perception) are: Karna (Ear), Twacha (Skin), Netra (Eye), Jihwa (Tongue) and Nasa (Nose)
- The respective Devas (Deities presiding over the Indriyas) are: Digdevatas (Deities of Directions), Vayu (Wind-god), Twasta (Sun-god), Varuna (Water-god) and Ashwins (Celestial Physicians).



6. Tamas:


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Tamas: The sixth is the creation of the Tamas (Darkness of Ignorance or Ego) which creates Ignorance (Abuddhi) of the Lord.



(B) Vaikrta Sarga (Secondary Creation) (Creation of Brahma):

7. Tasthu (Stationary beings):

Ut-Srota (Upward nutriment):

(Trees and Plants):


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Tasthu (Stationary beings) & Ut-Srota (Upward nutriment): The seventh is the creation of the stationary beings.

They are:
1. Vanaspati (which are trees bearing fruits without flowering, like Peepal)
2. Oshadhi (which are annual plants and herbs which die after bearing fruits, like cereals)
3. Lata (which are creepers which can creep on wall vertically, like Madhavilata)
4. Twaksara (which are plants having a hard skin or bark, like bamboo)
5. Virudha (which are creepers creeping on ground alone, like water-melon) and
6. Druma (which are trees which bear fruits after flowering, like Amra).

They are Ut-Srota (drawing their nutriment upwards), Tamah Praya (almost unconscious) and Antah Sparsha (having inward feeling of touch).



8. Tiras-(Srota) (Horizontal nutriment):

(Animals and Birds):


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Tiras-(Srota) (Horizontal nutriment): The eight is the creation of the beings who are Tiras srota (drawing their nutriments horizontally, the animals). They are said to be of twenty-eight types. They are Avida (without [special] knowledge), Bhuri Tamasa (full of ignorance), Ghranajnya (detect through smell) and Hridi Avedi (cannot remember much to take a longer view).

They are:
1. Gau (Cow)
2. Aja (Goat)
3. Mahisha (Buffalo)
4. Krishna (Black Antelope)
5. Sukara (Hog or Swine)
6. Gavaya (Wild Cow-like animal)
7. Ruru (A species of Deer)
8. Avi (Sheep) and
9. Ustra (Camel)
All these are Dwi-Sapha (Having Hoofs divided into two parts, Cloved-Hoofed).

Then:
10. Khara (Donkey)
11. Ashva (Horse)
12. Ashvatara (Mule)
13. Gaura (White Antelope)
14. Sharabha (An animal extinct now)
15. Chamari (Yak)
All these are Eka-Sapha (Having single undivided Hoof)

Then:
16. Shva (Dog)
17. Srgala (Jackal)
18. Vrka (Wolf)
19. Vyaghra (Tiger)
20. Marjara (Cat)
21. Shasha (Rabbit or Hare)
22. Shallaka (Hedgehog or Porcupine)
23. Simha (Lion)
24. Kapi (Monkey)
25. Gaja (Elephant)
26. Kurma (Tortoise)
27. Godha (Gosapa or Iguana, a herbivorous Lizard)
28. Makara (Crocodile or Alligator)
All these are Pancha Nakha (Having Five Claws).

Then:
1. Kangka (Heron)
2. Grdhra (Vulture)
3. Baka (Crane)
4. Shyena (Hawk)
5. Bhasa (A kind of bird)
6. Bhalluka (A kind of bird)
7. Barhina (Peacock)
8. Hamsa (Swan)
9. Sarasa (A type of Crane)
10. Chakravaha (A kind of bird)
11. Kaka (Crow)
12. Uluka (Owl) etc.
All these move in air (Khaga). (They are Birds).



9. Arvak-Srota (Downward nutriment):

(Human beings)


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Arvak-Srota (Downward nutriment): The ninth is the creation of Arvak-Srota (drawing their nutriment downwards) with only one species which is Nrnaam (Human beings). They are Raja-adhika (having predominance of Rajo-guna) and Karma-para (always engaging in activities). They are in sorrow (in the long-term) but they consider it as joy (in short-term).



10. Devas (under Vaikrta Sarga):


Sri Vishnu Events:

Srimad Bhagavatam - Skanda 03 - 10: Devas (under Vaikrta Sarga): The creation of the Devas (Deities presiding over the Indriyas) have already been discussed previously (under Prakrta Sarga or Natural Creation). The creation of (another class of) Devas to be discussed now are of Vaikrta Sarga (Secondary Creation or Creation of Brahma). Creation of Kumaras fall under both.

The creation of the Devas (by Lord Brahma) are of eight varieties:
1. Vibudhas (Demigods)
2. Pitaras (Manes)
3. Asuras (Demons)
4. Gandharvas (Celestial Singers) & Apsaras (Celestial Female Dancers)
5. Siddhas (Celestial beings with supernatural powers), Caranas (Celestial Bards or Poets) & Vidhyadharas (A kind Celestial beings possessing magical powers)
6. Yakshas (Protectors of natural resources and wealth) and Rakshasas (A kind of Demon)
7. Bhutas (Ghosts), Pretas (Spirits) & Pishacas (Flesh-eating demons, Ogres or Fiends)
8. Kinnaras (Celestial Musicians) & others




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Last updated on Aug-2021

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