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Shiva Bhakti:

Shiva Sri Dakshinamurthy Sri Kalabhairava
Stotras of Shiva:

Dakshinamurthy Stotram (Adi Shankara)
- दक्षिणामूर्ति स्तोत्रम् - विश्वं दर्पणदृश्यमाननगरीतुल्यं निजान्तर्गतं
- Dakshinamurthy: This stotra describes the glory of Sri Dakshinamurthy, Who is the Personification of our Inner Guru.
Dwadasa Jyotirlingani
- द्वादशज्योतिर्लिङ्गानि - सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्रीशैले मल्लिकार्जुनम्
- Pilgrimage: This stotra mentions about the twelve Jyotirlingas spread across Bharatavarsha.
Kalabhairava Ashtakam (Adi Shankara)
- कालभैरवाष्टकम् - देवराजसेव्यमानपावनांघ्रिपङ्कजं
- Kalabhairava: This stotra describes the glory of Sri Kalabhairava, Who is the Supreme Lord of the city of Kashi.
Kara Carana Kritam
- करचरण कृतं वाक्कायजं कर्मजं वा
- Surrender: This sloka surrenders the fruits of works to Mahadeva at the end of the day, and asks for forgiveness for any sins committed knowingly and unknowingly throughout the day.
Karpura Gauram
- कर्पूरगौरं करुणावतार संसारसारम् भुजगेन्द्रहारम्
- Shiva-Parvati: This sloka meditates on Shiva and Parvati together within the Lotus of one's Heart.
Lingashtakam
- लिङ्गाष्टकम् - ब्रह्ममुरारिसुरार्चितलिङ्गं निर्मलभासितशोभितलिङ्गम्
- Shiva Lingam: This stotra describes the glory of the Shiva Lingam (which is eternal in essence).
Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra (Rig Veda 7.59.12)
- महामृत्युंजय मन्त्रः - ॐ त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम्
- Rudra: This Rig Vedic mantra invokes Rudra to severe the bondages of life in order to experience the immortal essence within us.
Rudrashtakam (Goswami Tulsidas)
- श्रीरुद्राष्टकम् - नमामीशमीशान निर्वाणरूपम्
- Rudra: This stotra describes the transcendental aspects of Sri Rudra and prays for protection from the various afflictions of life.
Shambhu Stuti
- शम्भु स्तुति - नमामि शम्भुं पुरुषं पुराणं
- Shambhu: This stotra describes the glory of Sri Shambhu and offers reverential salutations to him again and again.
Shiva Manasa Puja (Adi Shankara)
- शिवमानसपूजा - रत्नैः कल्पितमासनं हिमजलैः स्नानं च दिव्याम्बरं
- Worship: This stotra mentally worships Lord Shiva, and finally surrenders the activities of the body and mind to him.
Shiva Panchakshara Stotram (Adi Shankara)
- शिव पञ्चाक्षर स्तोत्रम् - नागेन्द्रहाराय त्रिलोचनाय भस्माङ्गरागाय महेश्वराय
- Panchakshara mantra: This stotra meditates on Lord Shiva by meditating on each akshara of the Panchakshara mantra Na-Ma-Shi-Va-Ya.
Shiva Pratah Smaran Stotram (Adi Shankara)
- शिवप्रातःस्मरणस्तोत्रम् - प्रातः स्मरामि भवभीतिहरं सुरेशं
- Pratah Smarami: This stotra meditates on Lord Shiva in the early morning to destroy the attachments of worldly existence (and attain liberation).
Shiva Shadakshara Stotram (Rudra Yamala)
- शिव षडक्षर स्तोत्रम् - ॐकारं बिंदुसंयुक्तं नित्यं ध्यायंति योगिनः
- Shadakshara mantra: This stotra meditates on Lord Shiva by meditating on each akshara of the Shadakshara mantra Om-Na-Ma-Shi-Va-Ya.
Shiva Tandava Stotram (Ravana)
- शिवताण्डवस्तोत्रम् - जटाटवीगलज्जलप्रवाहपावितस्थले
- Shiva Tandava: This stotra describes the Tandava dance of Lord Shiva which sends a thrill of blessedness through the devotees.
Shivashtakam (Adi Shankara)
- शिवाष्टकम् - तस्मै नमः परमकारणकारणाय
- Shiva: This stotra offers reverential salutations to Lord Shiva by contemplating on various aspects of His personality.
Vedasara Shiva Stava (Adi Shankara)
- वेदसारशिवस्तवः - पशूनां पतिं पापनाशं परेशं
- Vedasara Shiva: This stotra meditates on Lord Shiva as the essence of all the Vedas.
Vishwanathashtakam (Adi Shankara)
- श्रीविश्वनाथाष्टकम् - गङ्गातरङ्गरमणीयजटाकलापं
- Vishwanatha: This stotra worships Lord Vishwanatha Who is the Lord of the city of Kashi.
Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam Namavali
- (Chidambaram Kshetre Om Sri Shivakamasundari sameta Sri Ananda Natarajar Swamine Namah)
- Pilgrimage: This is a Namavali to contemplate on the 276 Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalams which were praised by the Nayanmars.
Om Namah Shivaya Japa
- ॐ नमः शिवाय
- Japa: Om Namah Shivaya Japa.
Mahamrityunjaya Mantra Japa
- महामृत्युंजय मन्त्रः - ॐ त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम्
- Japa: Mahamrityunjaya Mantra Japa.
Shiva Gayatri Mantra Japa
- शिव गायत्री मन्त्रः - ॐ महादेवाय विद्महे रुद्रमूर्तये धीमहि
- Japa: Shiva Gayatri Mantra Japa.


Form of Lord Shiva:

Physical Form:
Jata: Having Matted Hairs on the head
Chandra: Bearing the Crescent Moon on the head
Ganga: Bearing river Ganga on the head
Trinetra: Having Three Eyes
Nilakantha: Having Blue Throat
Naga: Wearing the garland of Snakes on the neck
Bhashma: Smearing Sacred Ash over the body
Rudraksha: Wearing Rudraksha beads
Vyaghra-carma: Wearing the Tiger Skin over the waist
Kritti-vasa: Wearing Elephant hide
Trishula: Holding the Trident in hand
Pinaka: Holding the Pinaka bow in hand
Damaru: Playing the Damaru (drum)
Kapala: Holding Skull as a begging bowl
Kailasha: Abiding on mount Kailasha
Mahadhyana: Sitting in deep Meditation
Shakti: Having Shakti on the left
Nandi: Having bull Nandi as vehicle
Pramatha: Master of Ghosts and Goblins
Bilva: Worshipped with Bilva leaves
Mandara: Worshipped with Mandara (Arka) flowers
Linga: The form of Shiva Linga

Transcendental Form:
Shiva: Who is Auspicious
Aja: Who is without Birth
Nitya: Who is Eternal
Shuddha: Who is ever Pure
Digambara: Who is ever Free
Nirakara: Who is without any Form
Nirvikalpa: Who is without any Change
Niriha: Who is without any Desire
Omkara-rupam: Who is the embodiment of Omkara
Karana: Who is the Primal Cause
Pashupati: Who is the Lord of the living beings


Deeds of Lord Shiva:

Deeds of Lord Shiva
- Vanquishing demons: Tripurasuras, Jalandhara, Samkhachuda, Andhakasura, Banasura, Gajasura, Dundubhi Nirhrada
- Destroying the Sacrifice of Daksha
- Jyotirlinga Incarnations: Somanatha, Mallikarjuna, Mahakaleshwara, Omkareshwara, Kedarnatha, Bhimashankara, Vishwanatha, Tryambakeshwara, Vaidyanatha, Nageshwara, Rameshwara, Grishneshwara
- Other Incarnations: Ardhanareeshwara, Grihapati
- Other Deeds: Bestowing Mritasanjivani Vidya


Incarnations of Shiva:

Incarnations: Sadyojata - Vamadeva - Tatpurusha - Aghora - Ishana


Presiding Deities: Sharva - Bhava - Rudra - Ugra - Bhima - Pashupati - Ishana - Mahadeva

28 Incarnations: Sweta Muni - Sutara - Damana - Suhotra - Kanka - Lokakshi - Jaigishavya - Dadhivahana - Rishabha - (Unnamed) - Kali - (Unnamed) - Bali - Gautama - Vedashira - Gokarna - Guhavasi - Sikhandi - Jattimali - Attahasa - Daruka - Languli Bhima - Sweta - Shula - Dandi - Sahishnu - Shomasharma - Lakuli

Incarnations: Ardhanareeshwara - Nandi - Bhairava - Virabhadra - Sarabha - Grihapati - Yaksheshwara

Dasa Mahavidya Bhairavas: Mahakala - Tara - Bhuvanesha - Srividyesha - Bhairava - Chinnamastaka - Dhumavan - Bagalamukha - Matanga - Kamala

11 Rudras: Kapali - Pingala - Bhima - Virupaksha - Vilohita - Shasta - Ajapada - Ahirbudniya - Shambhu - Canda - Bhava

Incarnations: Durvasa - Hanuman - Mahesha - Vrisheshwara - Pippalada - Vaishyanatha - Dwijeshwara - Yatinatha - Krishna-Darshana - Avaduteshwara - Bhikshuvarya - Sureshwara - Brahmachari - Sunartaka-Nata - Sadhu-Dwija - Ashwatthama - Kirata

12 Jyotirlinga Incarnations: Somanatha - Mallikarjuna - Mahakaleshwara - Omkareshwara - Kedarnatha - Bhimashankara - Vishwanatha - Tryambakeshwara - Vaidyanatha - Nageshwara - Rameshwara - Grishneshwara


Scriptures of Shiva:

Shiva Purana
• Linga Purana
• Skanda Purana: Kedara Khanda
Skanda Purana - Arunachala Mahatmya
• Skanda Purana: Kashi Khanda
Srikalahasteeswara Sthala Purana
• Periya Puranam
• Tevaram
• Thiruvilayadal
• Thiruvasagam


Devotees of Shiva:

The Nayanmars Sri Akka Mahadevi

From Puranas:
• Nandeeshwar
• Veda Priya (Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga)
• Sudakshina (Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga)
• Supriya (Nageshwar Jyotirlinga)
• Ghushma (Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga)

Saints:
Nayanmars
• Akka Mahadevi


Pilgrimages of Shiva:

Pilgrimages of Shiva
Jyotirlingas: 12 most sacred pilgrimages where Lord Shiva manifested in response to ardent prayers of the devotees.
Pancha Bhoota Sthalams: 5 sacred temples of Shiva, each representing a prime element of Nature.
Astha Veerattha Sthalams: 8 sacred pilgrimages of Shiva where Shiva performed heroic deeds.
Paadal Petra Sthalams: 275 Shiva temples whose praises were sung by the Nayanmars.
• 108 Shivalayas of Parashurama
Other Shiva Pilgrimages


Festivals of Shiva:

Festivals of Shiva
Maha Shivaratri (Magha Krishna Paksha Chaturdasi)
Aani Uthiram (When Uthiram nakshatra is in ascendancy in the Tamil month of Aani)
Uma Maheshwar Vrata (Bhadrapada Poornima)
Karthik Poornima (Karthik Shukla Paksha Poornima)
Bhairava Ashtami (Karthik Krishna Paksha Ashtami)
Arudra Darshanam (Agrahayana Shukla Paksha, when Arudra Nakshatra presides)


Nature associated with Lord Shiva:

Trees and Flowers: Trees and Flowers associated with Lord Shiva
- Bilva: Form of Lord Shiva (Shiva Purana - Vidyeshwara Samhita 22)
- Rudraksha: Emerged from the tear drops of Lord Shiva during penance (Shiva Purana - Vidyeshwara Samhita 25)
- Vata: Lord Dakshinamurthy meditates under a Banyan tree (Dakshinamurthy Stotra)
- Arka: Lord Shiva is worshipped with Arka flowers

• Mountains: Mountains associated with Lord Shiva
- Kailasha: Abode of Lord Shiva
- Kedaranatha: Associated with Kedaranatha Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita)
- Krauncha / Srisailam: Associated with Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita)
- Brahmagiri: Associated with Tryambakeshwara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita)
- Arunachala: Manifested as Taijasha Lingam (Skanda Purana - Arunachala Mahatmyam)
- Amaranatha: Famous pilgrimage

• Forests: Forests associated with Lord Shiva
- Darukavana: Associated with Nageshwara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita)
- Thillaivana: Ancient Chidambaram, where Lord Shiva performed the Tandava dance

• Rivers: Rivers associated with Lord Shiva
- Ganga: Gangadhara, holding river Ganga on His head
- Godavari: Associated with Tryambakeswara Jyotirlinga (Shiva Purana - Koti Rudra Samhita)
- Narmada: Emerged from the perspiration of Lord Shiva (Skanda Purana - Reva Mahatmyam)




Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras
2. Scriptures
3. Pilgrimages
4. Festivals
5. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana
6. Sadhana
7. Sanskrit
8. Nature

Meditation on Earth and Life: >>



Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)


Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And help Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

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Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on Oct-2020

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