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Ayodhya - Place of Incarnation of Sri Rama


Meditation:

Sri Rama ► I meditate on Sri Rama incarnating in Ayodhya in response to the prayers of the Devas, to eliminate Ravana and establish Dharma in the world.
(Valmiki Ramayana)

► I meditate on Hari abiding in Ayodhya in different forms (Vishnuhari, Dharmahari, Chandrahari, Chakrahari, Guptahari).
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya)

Greatness:

Ayodhya:

Sri Rama Ayodhya (Ayodhya district, Uttar Pradesh):
River Sarayu, Hanuman Garhi, Ram Janambhoomi, Dashrath Mahal, Kanak Bhavan, Rajgaddi, Matgajendra

Greatness:
1. King Dasharatha performed the Putrakameshti Yagna near Ayodhya.
2. Sri Rama incarnated in Ayodhya, grew up in Ayodhya, stayed in Ayodhya for sometime after marriage, got coronated in Ayodhya, ruled his kingdom from Ayodhya, left for his divine abode from Ayodhya, and bestowed higher abodes to the residents of Ayodhya.
3. Sri Bharata ruled his kingdom from Nandigram near Ayodhya with the padukas of Sri Rama.
4. Sri Lakshmana left for his divine abode from Ayodhya.
5. Bhakta Hanuman stayed back when Sri Rama instructed him to stay back while leaving for his divine abode from Ayodhya.
6. Hari abides in Ayodhya in different forms (Vishnuhari, Chandrahari, Dharmahari, Chakrahari, Guptahari, Bilvahari, Punyahari).
7. A Moksha Puri and a Divya Desam (Thiru Ayodhi).

Sacred Geography: River Sarayu (Aarti), River Tamasa

Puranic References: Valmiki Ramayana, Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya


Places to See:

Presence of Sri Rama in Ayodhya:
Yagna of king Dasharatha 1. King Dasharatha performed the Ashwamedha Yagna followed by the Putrakameshti Yagna near Ayodhya.
(Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 11 to 16)
Makhauda DhamMakhauda Dham
(around 20 km from Ayodhya)
Makhauda Dham is identified with the place where king Dasharatha performed the Putrakameshti Yagna.
Child Rama 2. Sri Rama incarnated in Ayodhya.
(Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 16 to 18)

3. Sri Rama grew up in Ayodhya.

4. Sri Rama stayed with Devi Sita in Ayodhya after marriage.
Ram JanambhoomiRam Janambhoomi
(near Hanuman Garhi in Ayodhya)
Ram Janambhoomi is identified with the place where Sri Rama incarnated in Ayodhya.
Dashrath MahalDashrath Mahal
(near Hanuman Garhi in Ayodhya)
Dashrath Mahal is identified with the palace of king Dasharahtha in Ayodhya. There is a temple of Darshaneshwar Mahadev within this palace.
Kanak BhavanKanak Bhavan
(near Dashrath Mahal in Ayodhya)
Kanak Bhavan is identified with the palace where Sita-Rama stayed after marriage in Ayodhya. This is one the main temples of Ayodhya and is quite large. There is a bigger image of Sita-Rama on the simhasan and a smaller image before it. The smaller image is said to be the ancient image. This temple was built by the king of Orchha.
Sita Kup or Jnan Kup
Sita Kup is a well. It is said that the waters of this Kup was used during all religious festivals of Ayodhya.
Ram Gurupith Vidya Sthali
Ram Gurupith Vidya Sthali is identified with the place where Sri Rama did his schooling.
Sita Rasoi
Sita Rasoi is identified with the kitchen of Devi Sita where she fed king Dashratha and the four brothers after marriage.
Choti DevKaliChoti DevKali
(close to Ram Ki Paidi series of Ghats on river Sarayu)
Choti DevKali is identified with the temple where Devi Sita worshipped goddess Girija Devi. Devi Sita brought the image of Girija Devi to Ayodhya after her marriage. King Dasharatha built a temple for Girija Devi. The temple now houses the image of DevKali. The word Choti is prefixed to differentiate it from another DevKali temple in Ayodhya known as Badi DevKali.
Mani ParvatMani Parvat
(around 2.5 km from Hanuman Garhi)
Mani Parvat is identified with the place where Devi Sita sported with her companions. Mani Parvat is a hill. The beautiful view of Ayodhya can be enjoyed from this hill. There is a shrine with the images of Sita-Ram. Lord Buddha is also said to have meditated in Mani Parvat. There are some remains of the ancient Buddhist monasteries here.
Kaikeyi Bhavan
Kaikeyi Bhavan is identified with the palace of queen Kaikeyi.
Kop Bhavan
Kop Bhavan is identified with the palace where queen Kaikeyi displayed her anger and sent Sri Rama to forest exile.
Sumitra Bhavan
Sumitra Bhavan is identified with the palace of queen Sumitra.
Bharata in Nandigram 5. Sri Rama departed for forest exile from Ayodhya.

6. Sri Bharata ruled the kingdom from Nandigram near Ayodhya while Sri Rama was in forest exile.
(Valmiki Ramayana - Ayodhya Kanda - 114)

- Sri Rama sent Hanuman to meet Bharata at Nandigram while returning from forest exile.
(Valmiki Ramayana - Yuddha Kanda - 125 to 126)

- Sri Rama met Bharata at Nandigram after returning from forest exile.
(Valmiki Ramayana - Yuddha Kanda - 127)
Dashrath SamadhiDashrath Samadhi
(around 15 km from Ayodhya)
Dashrath Samadhi is identified with the place where Bharata performed the last rites of king Dasharatha (when Sri Rama was in forest exile).
Nandigram Bharat KundNandigram (Bharat Kund)
(around 25 km from Ayodhya)
Nandigram is identified with Nandigram mentioned in the Valmiki Ramayana from where Bharat ruled the kingdom with padukas of Sri Rama. There is a Bharat Kund in Nandigram.
Sri Rama 7. Sri Rama got coronated in Ayodhya after returning from forest exile.
(Valmiki Ramayana - Yuddha Kanda - 128)

8. Sri Rama ruled his kingdom for 11000 years with Ayodhya as capital.
(Valmiki Ramayana - Yuddha Kanda - 128)
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya)
Sri RamaRatna Simhasan or Rajgaddi
(near Kanak Bhavan)
Ratna Simhasan or Rajgaddi is identified with the place where Sri Rama got coronated after returning from forest exile.
Datun Kund or Dantadhavan Kund
(near Hanuman Garhi)
Datun Kund or Dantadhavan Kund is identified with the place where Sri Rama brushed his teeth.
Mattagajendra or Matgajendra
(near Matgajendra Chauraha)
Mattagajendra or Matgajendra is identified with the place from where Matgajendra, the elder son of Vibhisana guarded Ramkot (the ancient Fort of Ayodhya). Matgajendra is considered as the Kotwal of Ayodhya. It is said that by having darshan of Matgajendra, obstacles of the devotees get removed.
Sri Adisesha 9. Sri Lakshmana returned to his divine abode from Ayodhya (Sahashradhara Tirtha).
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 2)
Lakshman GhatSahashradhara or Lakshman Ghat
(within the Ram ki Paidi series of Ghats in Ayodhya)
Sahashradhara or Lakshman Ghat is identified with the place from where Sri Lakshmana returned to his divine abode.
Lord Vishnu 10. Sri Rama returned to his divine abode from Ayodhya (Swargadwara Tirtha).
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 3)

11. Sri Rama as Lord Vishnu bestowed higher abodes to the residents of Ayodhya (Gopratara Tirtha).
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 6)
Swargadwar GhatSwargadwar Ghat
(within the Ram ki Paidi series of Ghats in Ayodhya)
Swargadwar Ghat is identified with the place from where Sri Rama returned to his divine abode.
Guptar GhatGuptar Ghat
(around 14 km from Ayodhya)
Guptar Ghat is identified with the place from where Sri Rama bestowed higher abodes to the residents of Ayodhya.
Sri RamaTretanathji or Treta ke Thakur
Kaleram TempleKaleram
(near Nageshwarnathji Temple)
Kaleram Temple is an old temple of Sri Rama containing his idol curved out of black stone (Ram Panchatayana). It is said that this idol was preserved by the pujaris when the original Ram Janambhoomi temple was destroyed by Babar.
King JanakaJanaura or Janakaura
(around 11 km from Ayodhya)
Janaura or Janakaura is identified with the place where king Janaka camped when he came to Ayodhya. There is a tank named Girija Kund with a temple of Lord Shiva near it.
Valmiki Ramayan Bhavan
Ram Katha Sangrhalay


Presence of Bhakta Hanuman in Ayodhya:
Bhakta Hanuman 1. Bhakta Hanuman was present during the coronation ceremony of Sri Rama in Ayodhya.
(Valmiki Ramayana - Yuddha Kanda - 128)

2. Bhakta Hanuman was instructed by Sri Rama to stay back while Sri Rama was returning to his divine abode.
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 6)
Hanuman GarhiHanuman Garhi
(around 1 km from the railway station and 1.5 km from Sarayu Ghat)
Hanuman Garhi is a Fort-Temple of Sri Hanumanji on a hillock. The pilgrims need to ascend around 60 steps to reach the shrine. There is an image of Hanumanji in a sitting posture. There is another small image of Hanumanji which is only 6 inches in height and is always covered by flowers. The archway at the base of the steps is beautiful. There are houses built around four sides of the temples for sadhus. Previously many sadhus used to stay here and meditate in this place. Hanuman Garhi is a very popular temple of Ayodhya. Pilgrims often have the darshan of Hanumanji before visiting other temples of Sri Rama.
Sugreev Tila
Angad Tila


Presence of Lord Vishnu in Ayodhya:
Lord Vishnu 1. Vishnuhari
Lord Vishnu gave darshan to brahmin Vishnu Sharma who performed penance at Chakra Tirtha in Ayodhya.
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 1)
Lord VishnuVishnuhari
The Temple of Vishnuhari is in the Chakra Tirtha Ghat of Ayodhya.
Lord Vishnu 2. Chandrahari
Lord Vishnu bestowed his grace on Chandra deva who performed penance at Swargadwara Tirtha in Ayodhya.
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 3 and 6)
Chandrahari TempleChandrahari
The Temple of Chandrahari is in the Swargadwara Ghat of Ayodhya.
Lord Vishnu 3. Dharmahari
Lord Vishnu gave darshan to brahmin Dharma who danced in ecstasy meditating on Ayodhya.
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 4)
Dharmahari TempleDharmahari
The shrine of Dharmahari is within the Chitragupta Temple of Ayodhya (behind the Vasudev Ghat road).
Lord Vishnu 4. Chakrahari
Lord Vishnu came to the bank of river Sarayu to perform penance secretly for increasing the strength of the devas. The Chakra of the Lord fell here.
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 6)
Guptahari and Chakrahari TempleChakrahari
The shrine of Chakrahari is within the Guptahari Temple in Guptar Ghat, around 14 km from Ayodhya.
Lord Vishnu 5. Guptahari
Lord Vishnu came to the bank of river Sarayu and performed penance secretly to increase the strength of the devas.
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 6)
Guptahari and Chakrahari TempleGuptahari
The Guptahari Temple is in Guptar Ghat, around 14 km from Ayodhya.
Lord VishnuBilvahari
Lord VishnuPunyahari
Lord MatsyaVasudev or Vasudeo Ghat
The Vasudev or Vasudeo Ghat is associated with the legend of Matsya Avatara of Lord Vishnu. River Sarayu has receded and there is no Ghat at present.


Presence of Lord Shiva in Ayodhya:
Lord NageshwarnathNageshwarnath
Nageshwarnath Temple is a very old temple of Lord Shiva in Ayodhya. According to legend, Kusha the son of Sri Rama himself had built the original Nageshwarnath Temple. This temple is one of the main structures which survived the ravages of time till king Vikramaditya arrived in Ayodhya. Seeing this temple and getting guidance from saints, the king rebuilt Ayodhya. (The Kaleram Temple is close to Nageshwarnath Temple. The Kaleram Temple is said to have preserved the original Ram Janambhoomi Temple Idol when the temple was destroyed by Babar)
(around 2.5 km north of Ram Janambhoomi and close to Ram Ki Paidi; Kaleram Temple is behind it)


Presence of Devi in Ayodhya:
Devi Sita Yogini Devi Saraswati 1. Sita Kunda
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 6 and 9)

2. Rukmini Kunda
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 7)

3. Yogini Kunda
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 7)

4. Urvashi Kunda
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 7)

5. Rati Kunda
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 8)

6. Goddess Sitala
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 8)

7. Goddess Bandi
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 8)

8. Goddess Chudaki
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 8)

9. Mahavidya Tirtha
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 8)

10. Siddhi devi
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 8)

Choti DevKaliChoti DevKali
Choti DevKali Temple is identified with the temple where Devi Sita worshipped goddess Girija Devi. Devi Sita brought the image of Girija Devi to Ayodhya after her marriage. King Dasharatha built a temple for Girija Devi. The temple now houses the image of DevKali. The word Choti is prefixed to differentiate it from another DevKali temple in Ayodhya known as Badi DevKali.
(close to Ram Ki Paidi)
Badi DevKaliBadi DevKali
Devi Sarayu TempleDevi Sarayu


Presence of Surya deva in Ayodhya:
Surya deva 1. Ghosharka Kunda
Surya deva cured king Ghosha of his disease and endowed him with splendour when he took bath in this Kunda.
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 7)
Surya KundSurya Kund
Surya Kund is identified with Ghosharka Kunda mentioned in Ayodhya Mahatmya. There is a big Temple Tank surrounded by Ghats on all four sides. On the west is a temple of Surya Narayana. Surya deva was the kuldeva of the Ikshwaku kings.
(around 8 km from Ayodhya)


Presence of Sri Kubera in Ayodhya:
Lakshmi-Kubera 1. Swarnakhani
Sri Kubera showered gold in Ayodhya for king Raghu.
(Skanda Purana - Ayodhya Mahatmya - 5)
Sonkhar
Sonkhar is identified with Swarnakhani where Sri Kubera showered gold for king Raghi.
(outskirts of Ayodhya)


River Sarayu Ghats in Ayodhya:
River Sarayu Aarti
  1. Ram Ghat: An old ghat. River Sarayu has receded from here.
  2. Janaki Ghat: An old ghat. River Sarayu has receded from here.
  3. Vasudev or Vasudeo Ghat: An old ghat. River Sarayu has receded from here. Associated with the event of Vaivasvata Manu and Matsya Avatara of Lord Vishnu. The Temple of Dharmahari is in the neighbourhood of this area (Chitragupta Temple).

  4. Naya Ghat or Dharmaraj Ghat: Sarayu Aarti is held here.
  5. Ahilyabai Ghat: Sri Rama performed a yagna in this place. The Temple of Tretanathji (Treta Ke Thakur) is near this ghat.
  6. Nageshwarnath Ghat: The Temple of Nageshwarnathji is near this ghat.

  7. Swargadwara Ghat and Chandrahari Ghat: Sri Rama returned to his divine abode. Chandra deva performed penance. The Temple of Chandrahari is near this ghat. (AM)
  8. Lakshman Ghat or Sahashradhara: Sri Lakshmana returned to his divine abode. The Temple of Lakshmanji is near this ghat. (AM)
  9. Papamochana Ghat (Gola Ghat): Brahmin Narahari became free of sins. There is a Temple of Lord Rama known as Papamochana Temple in this ghat. (AM)
  10. Rinamochana Ghat: Sage Lomasha became free of debts. Devotees bathe to get free of the three debts of life. (AM)

  11. Raj Ghat: Statue of Jain Tirthankara Rishabhadeva. Temple of Sita-Rama.
  12. Brahma Kunda Ghat: Lord Brahma worshipped Lord Vishnu. (AM)
  13. Prahlad Ghat
  14. Chakra Tirtha Ghat and Vishnuhari Ghat: Brahmin Vishnu Sharma performed penance here. There is a new Temple of Vishnuhari near this ghat. (AM)

  15. Guptar Ghat: Lord Vishnu performed penance secretly for increasing the strength of the devas. The Temple of Chakrahari and Guptahari is near this ghat. (AM)
  16. Nirmala Kund Ghat


Presence of Lord Varaha in Ayodhya:
Lord VarahaVaraha Kshetra
(around 40 km from Ayodhya)
Varaha Kshetra is a sacred place on the outskirts of Ayodhya at the confluence of rivers Sarayu and Ghagra. There is a temple of Lord Varaha in that place. It is said that Sri Tulsidasji heard about the deeds of Sri Rama from his gurudev in this place.


Presence of Sages in Ayodhya:
1. Manu built the city of Ayodhya. (VR)
2. Sage Vasishtha, who was the Kulaguru of Sri Rama had his Ashram in Ayodhya.
3. Sons of Sri Rama, Lava and Kusha sang the Ramayana composed by sage Valmiki in Ayodhya. (VR)
Vasishtha KundVasishtha Kund
Sage Vasishtha, who was the Kulaguru of Sri Rama had his Ashram in Ayodhya.


Presence of Saints in Ayodhya:
1. Alvars (5th - 9th CE) visited and eulogized Ayodhya (Divya Desam).
2. Tulsidas (1532 - 1623 CE) composed part of Ramcharitmanas in Ayodhya.
Tulsi UdyanTulsi Udyan or Tulsi Chaura
(around 1.3 km from Hanuman Garhi)
Tulsi Udyan or Tulsi Chaura is identified with the place from where Goswami Tulsidasji started the composition of Ramcharitmanas.


Places Map:


Ayodhya - Places within city

Fig 1: Ayodhya - Places within city


Places around city

Fig 2: Ayodhya - Places around city


Location:

Ayodhya is located in the Ayodhya district of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya can be visited from:

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Last updated on Mar-2024

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