Green Message
Home > Bharatavarsha > Pilgrimages > Uttar Pradesh > Ayodhya

Ayodhya

1. Ayodhya - Overview:

Sri RamaMeditation: I meditate on Ayodhya where Sri Rama incarnated as the son of king Dasharatha for slaying Ravana and establishing Dharma in the world.

Greatness of Ayodhya:
- Ayodhya is a Moksha Puri as well as a Divya Desam.
- The sacred river Sarayu flows through Ayodhya. Sarayu originates from Manasa lake. Sarayu originates from the left toe of Vishnu as Ganga originates from the right toe of Vishnu.
- Ayodhya is created by Manu himself.
- It is from Ayodhya (as capital) that eminent kings of Ikshwaku dynasty ruled their kingdoms following the path of Dharma.
- It is on the outskirts of Ayodhya that king Dasharatha performed the Ashwamedha and Putrakamesthi yagnas presided over by sages Vasistha and Rishyashringa.
- It is in Ayodhya that Sri Rama incarnated as the son of Dasharatha when the devas prayed to him to eliminate Ravana.
- It is in Ayodhya that Sri Rama grew up and showed his Bal Leela.
- It is from the outskirts of Ayodhya (Nandigrama) that Bharata ruled the kingdom as an ascetic placing the padukas of Sri Rama before him.
- It is in Ayodhya that Sri Rama was coronated as the king after returning from his forest exile.
- It is from Ayodhya (as capital) that Sri Rama ruled for many years and established the path of Dharma.
- It is in Ayodhya that Lava and Kusha sang the sacred Ramayana in their beautiful melodious voice before Sri Rama himself and other holy men.
- It is in Ayodhya that Sri Lakshmana gave up his body and returned to his divine abode.
- It is in Ayodhya that Sri Rama gave up his body and returned to his divine abode.
- It is in Ayodhya that Sri Rama gave salvation to all while returning to his divine abode.
- It is in Ayodhya that Sri Vishnu abides in different forms: Vishnuhari, Dharmahari, Chandrahari, Chakrahari and Guptahari.

Moksha Puri: Ayodhya is the first of the 7 Moksha Puris which are glorified in the scriptures (Ayodhya, Mathura, Maya, Kashi, Kanchi, Avantika and Dwarka).

Divya Desam: Ayodhya is one of the 108 Divya Desams which are glorified by the Alvars. Ayodhya is known as the Thiru Ayodhi Divya Desam.

River Sarayu: Ayodhya is the place through which flows the holy river Sarayu. Sarayu originates from the left toe of Vishnu as Ganga originates from the right toe of Vishnu. In the world, Sarayu originates from Lake Manasa (i.e. Mansarovar).

Incarnation of Sri Rama: Ayodhya is the place where Sri Rama incarnated on the Chaitra Shukla Navami for eliminating Ravana and establishing Dharma in the world. Ayodhya is the place where Sri Rama grew up and showed his Bala Leelas. Ayodhya is the place from where Sri Rama ruled his kingdom and established the path of Dharma in the world. Ayodhya is the place associated with many incidents of the life of Sri Rama.

Departure of Sri Rama: Ayodhya is the place from where Sri Rama departed to his divine abode and gave salvation to its residents. Thus Ayodhya is truly a Moksha Puri.

Song of Ramayana: Ayodhya reverberates with the song of Ramayana which are initially sung by Lava and Kusha as taught by sage Valmiki himself. Thus the name of Sri Rama and Ramayana is engraved in Ayodhya.

Abode of Hari: In Ayodhya, Hari abides in different forms like Vishnuhari, Dharmahari, Chandrahari, Chakrahari and Guptahari. Hari was invoked here by the devotees, and continues to stay here for the worship of the devotees.

The name Ayodhya: Ayodhya means that which cannot be conquered. First, Ayodhya cannot be conquered by enemies due to its physical fortification. Second, Ayodhya cannot be conquered by sins due to its fortification of sacredness.

Location: Ayodhya is located in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh.



2. Ayodhya - from Valmiki Ramayana:

1. Qualities of Sri Rama:

Sage Valmiki and hunter Rishi Valmiki Sage Valmiki with Lava and KushaQualities of Sri Rama: In the opening chapter of Valmiki Ramayana, sage Valmiki asks sage Narada about the existence of a person with the following qualities:
1. Gunavan: Who is Virtuous
2. Viryavan: Who is Valorous
3. Dharmagya: Who is the knower of Dharma
4. Krtagya: Who is the doer of Good Deeds (according to Dharma)
5. Satyavakya: Who is the speaker of Truth
6. Dridhavrata: Who is firm in his Vows
7. Catritrena Yukta: Who by Character is united (with Dharma)
8. Sarvabhuteshu Hitah: Who is disposed towards the Welfare of all beings
9. Vidvan: Who is Learned
10. Samartha: Who is Capable (in upholding Dharma)
11. Priyadarshana: Who has a Graceful and Pleasant appearance
12. Aatmavan: Who is Self-Composed
13. Jitakrodha: Who has conquered Anger
14. Dyutiman: Who is Effulgent (filled with the Effulgence of Aatman)
15. Anasuyaka: Who is not Envious
16. Bibhyati Devah: Whom even the Devas Fear

Sage Narada mentions about Sri Rama and tells about his life in brief.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 1)

Sage Valmiki getting divine inspiration: Later sage Valmiki gets a divine inspiration when be goes to river Tamasa. He sees two Krauncha birds in union. A hunter suddenly appears and kills the male bird leaving the female bird wailing in separation. The sage curses the hunter, but that curse comes out in a beautiful poetic meter. He keeps on pondering over that throughout the day. Then Lord Brahma appears to him and tells him to compose the life of Sri Rama in a poetic meter. Lord Brahma imparts yogic power to sage Valmiki to see all the incidents of the life of Sri Rama.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 2 to 4)

Lava and Kusha singing Ramayana: When the great epic was composed, sage Valmiki imparts it to Lava and Kusha and teaches them to sing it in their beautiful melodious voice. Lava and Kusha sings the Valmiki Ramayana before the sages and holy men. They become moved by that song. Sri Rama hears about Lava and Kusha and calls them in his palace at Ayodhya. Lava and Kusha sings the Ramayana before Sri Rama in the court. Sri Rama also becomes moved by it.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 2 to 4)

2. About Ayodhya:

Sri RamaSituated in Koshala kingdom: There was a great kingdom named Koshala which was situated on the bank of river Sarayu and was very prosperous. Ayodhya was situated in it.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 5)

Bank of river Sarayu: The Koshala kingdom of which Ayodhya is a part was situated on the bank of river Sarayu.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 5)

Created by Manu himself: Manu, the king of the Manavas, himself created this city (of Ayodhya).
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 5)

Ruled by king Dasharatha: Dasharatha made Ayodhya his abode as Indra made heaven his abode.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 5)

Very glorious and prosperous: Koshala kingdom was endowed with abundant Dhana (Wealth) and Dhanya (Foodgrains). The city of Ayodhya situated within the Koshala kingdom was renowned in the world. The city shone with royal highways which were filled with flowers and made moist with waters. The city was surrounded with gateways and archways. The city was surrounded by gardens, had palaces studded with gems and well-constructed houses. The city was full with rice grains and water tasted like sugarcane juice.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 5)

Unconquerable city: The city of Ayodhya was protected by fort walls and moats. It was also fortified up to two yojanas outside the city. True to its name it was A-Yodhya, the Unconquerable city.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 5 & 6)

People were happy, prosperous and of good character: All the people were happy, prosperous and of good character.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 6)

3. Incarnation of Sri Rama:

Sri Rama King Dashartha performing Putrakameshti Yagna Child RamaKing Dasharatha performing Ashwamedha and Putrakameshthi Yagnas: To get a son, king Dashartha performs the Ashwamedha Yagna followed by the Putrakameshthi Yagna on the northern bank of river Sarayu. Sage Vasishtha presides over the arrangements of the yagna. Sage Rishyashringa presides over the ritual of the yagna. Dashartha invites many great kings in that yagna. Some of them were: King Janaka of Mithila, King of Kashi, King of Kekaya, King Romapada of Anga, King Bhanumanta of Koshala, King Praptigya of Magadha etc.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 12 to 16)

Devas praying to Lord Vishnu to incarnate: During the Putrakamesthi yagna the devas appear on the firmament to obtain their shares of the yagna. Lord Brahma as well as Lord Vishnu also comes there. The devas pray to Lord Brahma to think of a way to eliminate Ravana who had become very powerful on account of his boon, and was oppressing the devas and the sages. Thereafter the devas with forefather Brahma at the helm prays to Lord Vishnu to incarnate as the son of king Dasharatha and slay Ravana, because Ravana can only be killed by a human being as per his boon. Lord Vishnu consents to their request.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 15)

Yagna Purusha appearing: Then from the fire altar of the yagna appears a divine Yagna Purusha carrying a golden vessel full of Payasam. He tells king Dasharatha to distribute the Payasam to his queens for progeny.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 16)

King Dasharatha distributing Payasam to queens: Entering inside the palace chambers king Dasharatha distributes the Payasam to his wives. He gives half of the Payasam to queen Kaushalya, one-fourth to queen Sumitra, one-eight to queen Kaikeyi and remaining one-eight again to queen Sumitra.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 16)

Devas procreating Vanaras for helping Rama: Before the incarnation of Sri Rama, Lord Brahma tells the Devas to procreate Vanaras from their parts to serve Lord Vishnu during His Incarnation. Lord Brahma had previously created Jambavanta from his yawning. Indra procreates Vali. The Sun-god procreates Sugreeva. Brihaspati procreates Tara. Kubera procreates Gandhamadana. Vishwakarma procreates Nala. Fire-god procreates Neela. The Ashwins procreate Mainda and Dwivida. Varuna procreates Sushena. Parjanya procreates Sharabha. Maruta or Air-god procreates Hanuman. Similarly other celestial beings procreate other Vanaras. Many of them stay in mount Rikshavat.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 17)

Sri Rama incarnating: After six seasons queen Kaushalya gives birth to Sri Rama on the Chaitra Navami tithi, when the presiding Nakshatra was that whose deity is Aditi (i.e. Punarvasu Nakshatra), when the five Grahas were in ascension, when Vakpati (Jupiter) in conjunction with Indu (Moon) was in ascension in Karkata Lagna. Queen Kaikeyi gives birth to Bharata on the dawn of the next day in Mina Lagna. Queen Sumitra gives birth to Lakshmana and Shatrughna. The celestial singers sing in joy, the celestial musicians play drums. Devas shower flowers from heaven. The people of Ayodhya becomes filled with joy and celebrates the incarnation of Sri Rama in the streets. Sage Vashistha performs the naming ceremony after eleven days.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Bala Kanda - 18)

4. Coronation of Sri Rama:

Sri RamaSri Rama getting coronated: After Sri Rama returns to Ayodhya from the forest exile, he was coronated as the king. Sage Vasishtha presides over the coronation ceremony. Sugreeva gets waters from the four seas and holy rivers through his Vanaras. Jambavan, Hanuman, Vegadarshi and Rishabha get waters from five hundred rivers. Sushena brings water from the eastern sea. Rishabha brings water form the southern sea. Gavaya brings water from the western sea. Nala brings water from the northern sea. The Brahmanas and the Devas sprinkes the sap of all the medicinal herbs during the coronation. Sage Vasishtha adorns Rama with that crown with which Manu and the successive kings of the lineage were coronated. On that joyous occasion, the earth bears rich crops and trees bear abundant fruits and fragrant flowers. Sri Rama gives many gifts to the Brahmanas and his Vanara companions. Devi Sita gifts Hanuman a garland of pearls.
(Ref: (Valmiki Ramayana - Yuddha Kanda - 128)

Sri Rama establishing the rule of Dharma: Sri Rama rules for ten thousand years. He propitiates the gods by performing yagnas like Paundarika, Ashvamedha, Vajapeya several times. He rules the kingdom with his brothers as companions. He rules his kingdom following the path of Dharma ensuring that there are no widows to lament, no danger from wild animals and no thieves and robbers to rob the wealth of others. "Rama Rama Rama" becomes the theme around which the subjects discuss their matters. The world becomes filled with the name of Rama. The trees bear fruits on time and were not affected by pests. The clouds rain on time. The wind gives its delightful touch to others. The four classes - Brahmanas (Class of Priest), Kshatriyas (Class of Warriors), Vaishyas (Class of Traders) and Shudras (Class of Servants) discharge their respective duties with joy.
(Ref: Valmiki Ramayana - Yuddha Kanda - 128)



3. Ayodhya - from Ayodhya Mahatmyam:

1. Chakratirtha (River Sarayu) (Vishnuhari):

Sri VishnuVishnu Sharma performing penance: A brahmin by name Vishnu Sharma performs austere penance in Ayodhya worshipping Lord Vishnu and reciting the Dwadasakshari Mantra (Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya). Three years elapse. One day when the brahmin eulogizes Lord Vishnu, the Lord appears before him and gives him the boon. The Lord creates a Tirtha there with his Sudarshana Chakra and brings the waters of river Ganges. This Tirtha becomes known as Chakratirtha. Vishnu Sharma establishes an image of the Lord there for worship after his name. The image becomes known as Vishnuhari.
• Annual festival: Karthika Shukla Dashami to Poornima

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 1)

2. Brahma Kunda (East of Chakratirtha):

Sri Vishnu Sri BrahmaBrahma worshipping Lord Vishnu: Brahma hears that Lord Vishnu is stationed in Ayodhya. He comes there and performs its pilgrimage. Then he creates a Kunda and worships Lord Vishnu. The Kunda becomes known as Brahma Kunda. The devas take bath in that Kunda and becomes pure. They ask about it to Lord Brahma in wonder. Lord Brahma narrates the glory of the Kunda to them.
• Annual festival: Karthika Shukla Chaturdasi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 2)

3. Rinamochana Tirtha (River Sarayu) (North-east of Brahma Kunda):

Sri VishnuSage Lomasha becoming free of debts: A sage named Lomasha comes to Ayodhya and during his pilgrimage takes bath in a Tirtha. After this bath he becomes free from his debts. He proclaims the glory of the Tirtha which becomes known as Rinamochana Tirtha.

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 2)

4. Papamochana Tirtha (River Sarayu) (East of Rinamochana Tirtha):

Sri VishnuNarahari becoming free of sins: A brahmin named Narahari falls in bad company and commits many sins in life. Once he comes to Ayodhya in the company of some good people and takes bath in a Tirtha. He becomes free from his sins and go to Vishnu Loka. The Tirtha becomes known as Papamochana Tirtha.
• Holy Bath: Magha Krishna Chaturdashi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 2)

5. Sahashradhara Tirtha (River Sarayu) (East of Papamochana Tirtha):

Sri AdiseshaLakshmana returning to his divine abode: When his time of departure comes near, Sri Rama calls Kala and discusses with him about his departure. He resolves to punish anyone who sees their discussion. during that time sage Durvasa comes and asks for food immediately. Lakshmana informs Sri Rama (for the fear of the curse of the sage). Sri Rama sends off Kala and feeds sage Durvasa extending his hospitality. As a punishment he abandons Lakshmana. Lakshmana goes to the bank of river Sarayu and after taking bath, meditates on the consciousness. Adisesha appears there piercing the ground in thousand places. Indra and devas also appears there. Indra tells Lakshmana about his divine nature and narrates the glory of the Tirtha. Since Adisesha pierced the ground in thousand places and lit it with the crest-jewel of his hood, the place becomes known as Sahashradhara Tirtha. Indra takes Lakshmana to his divine abode.
• Annual festival: Shravana Shukla Panchami
• Holy bath: Vaishakha

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 2)

6. Swargadwara Tirtha (River Sarayu) (Chandrahari) (East of Sahashradhara):

Sri VishnuSri Rama returning to his divine abode: When the time of departure arrives for Sri Rama, he adorns the dress of brahmachari, takes Kusha grass in his hands and walks towards Swargadwara. His brothers follow him. The residents of Ayodhya follow him. The vanaras and rakshasas knowing of his departure through spies also follow him. Sri Rama instructs Vibhishana to stay back and rule the rakshasas. Sri Rama instructs Hanuman to stay back as long as the name of "Rama" is sung. Sri Rama instructs Mainda and Dwivida to stay back and guide the vanaras, since they are immortal. He tells all the rest to follow him. The celestials watch this great departure from the heaven. When Sri Rama reaches Swargadwara, Lord Brahma eulogizes him as the Supreme Soul. Sri Rama casts off his body and enters the abode of Vishnu (with his brothers). As Lord Vishnu, Sri Rama tells Brahma to bestow higher lokas to his followers who were devoted to him. Lord Brahma tells about Santanika Loka which he decides to bestow them. Lord Brahma then takes them to another Tirtha known as Gopratara Tirtha where the residents of Ayodhya cast off their bodies and attain salvation. (Since Sri Rama departed to his divine abode in this Tirtha, it is known as Swargadwara Tirtha or the "Gateway to Heaven". It is a supreme tirtha where Snana, Dana and Dhyana attain great merit.).

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 6)

Chandradeva performing penance: Knowing the greatness of Swargadwara, Chandradeva performs penance here and secures the grace of Lord Vishnu. Chandradeva installs an image of Lord Vishnu and worships it. The image becomes known as Chandrahari.
• Chandra Sahashra Vrata and Udyapana (performed when a man's life spans thousand moons, i.e. 83 years and 4 months)

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 3)

7. Dharmahari (South-east of Chandrahari):

Sri VishnuDharma dancing in ecstasy meditating on Ayodhya: A brahmin named Dharma comes to Ayodhya on pilgrimage. He was so filled with joy that he starts proclaiming the glory of Ayodhya within himself saying "How great is this place!". Thereafter he starts dancing in ecstasy meditating on Ayodhya. Lord Vishnu appears before Dharma. Dharma starts eulogizing the Lord. Lord Vishnu gives him a boon by which he installs the image of the Lord with his name. This image becomes known as Dharmahari.
• Annual festival: Asadha Shukla Ekadasi
• Holy bath: Taking bath in Swargadwara and visiting Dharmahari

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 4)

8. Swarnakhani (South of Dharmahari):

Lakshmi-KuberaKubera showering gold: King Raghu, an ancestor of Sri Rama performs a Viswajit yagna in which he donates everything. Sage Kautsa comes during that time and asks for gold from him to give guru dakshina to sage Vishwamitra. However, seeing that the king has given away everything in yagna, the sage decides to approach someone else. King Raghu tells him to wait and sets off to conquer Kubera. Kubera out of fear sheds a rain of gold in Ayodhya which becomes known as Swarnakhani. Kautsa takes only whatever was required by him and blesses the king.
• Annual festival: Vaishakha Shukla Dwadasi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 5)

9. Sarayu - Tilodaki confluence (South of Swarnakhani):

Sri Rama creating river Tilodaki: Sri Rama creates river Tilodaki for his horses. Since its water was dark like gingelly seeds it becomes known as Tilodaki. The confluence of Sarayu and Tilodaki becomes a very sacred place.
• Annual festival: Bhadrapada Amavasya

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 5)

10. Sita Kunda (West of Sarayu-Tilodaki confluence):

Devi SitaDevi Sita creating Kunda: Devi Sita creates a Kunda. Sri Rama confers great merit to it. The Kunda becomes known as Sita Kunda.
• Holy Bath: Margashirsha Krishna Chaturdashi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 6)

11. Chakrahari and Guptahari (River Sarayu) (Chakrahari is west of Vishnuhari) (Harismriti or Guptahari is west of Chakrahari):

Sri VishnuLord Vishnu performing penance secretly: Once in a battle between the asuras and the devas, the asuras defeat the devas. The devas start fleeing. Hara stops the devas and takes them to Lord Vishnu in the milky ocean along with Brahmadeva. There, Hara starts eulogizing the Lord. Lord Vishnu becomes pleased and says that he will perform penance secretly to increase the strength of the devas. Thereafter the Lord comes to the bank of river Sarayu to perform his penance. The place where the Chakra of the Lord falls becomes known as Chakrahari. The place where the Lord performs his penance secretly becomes known as Guptahari. Due to the penance of the Lord, the devas gain strength and defeats the asuras. Thereafter the devas come to Guptahari and worships the Lord. Lord Vishnu grants them the boon of protection and narrates the glory of that place.
• Annual festival of Guptahari: Kathika (Poornima)
• Annual festival of Chakrahari: Margashirsha Shukla Ekadasi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 6)

12. Sarayu - Ghagara confluence (Near Guptahari and west of Gopratara Tirtha):

Presence of Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva: The confluence of rivers Sarayu and Ghagara is a very sacred place having many Tirthas. Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva are present there. The Suras, Siddhas and Yogins are also present there.
• Holy Bath: Poornima, Amavasya and Dwadashi
• Bath and Jagaran: Pausha Shukla Tryodashi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 6)

13. Gopratara Tirtha (River Sarayu) (East of Sarayu-Gharghara confluence):

Sri VishnuLord Rama bestowing higher abodes to the residents of Ayodhya: When the time of departure of Sri Rama comes, he goes to Swargadwara. The residents of Ayodhya as well as the vanaras and rakshasas devoted to him follow him. He gives up his body there and returns to the abode of Lord Vishnu. Thereafter, as Lord Vishnu Sri Rama tells Brahmadeva to bestow higher Lokas to the residents of Ayodhya since they are devoted to him. Brahmadeva tells that he will bestow them Santanika Loka. Thereafter Brahmadeva takes them to Gopratara Tirtha. The residents give up their bodies there and attain the higher Loka.
• Holy Bath: Karthika

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 6)

14. Kshirodaka Tirtha (River Sarayu) (North-west of Sita Kunda):

King Dashartha performing Putrakameshti YagnaKing Dashratha performing Putresthi yagna: To get a son, king Dasharatha performs the Putresthi yagna on the bank of river Sarayu. The Kratubhuk appears during the yagna with the havis in a golden vessel. Since the havis of Ksheera emerged in this Tirtha it becomes known as Kshirodaka Tirtha.
• Holy Bath: Ashwina Shukla Ekadasi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

15. Brihaspati Kunda (South-west of Kshirodaka Tirtha):

Sri BrihaspatiBrihaspati performing yagna: Brihaspati performs a yagna beside a Kunda which becomes known as Brihaspati Kunda. The devas take bath here.
• Annual festival: Bhadrapada Shukla Panchami
• Holy Bath: Thursday

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

16. Rukmini Kunda (South of Brihaspati Kunda):

Devi RukminiDevi Rukmini creating Kunda: Devi Rukmini creates a Kunda. Lord Vishnu confers boon on it. This Kunda becomes known as Rukmini Kunda
• Annual festival: Karthika Krishna Navami

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

17. Dhanayaksha Tirtha (North-west of Rukmini Kunda):

Devi LakshmiVishwamitra giving boon to a yaksha: Vishwamitra confiscates the wealth of king Harischandra and posts a yaksha to guard it. By his devoted service sage Vishwamitra becomes pleased and gives him two boons. First, he removes the foul smell of his body and second he makes the Tirtha famous after his name. The Tirtha becomes known as Dhanayaksha Tirtha. The nine Nidhis are present in this Tirtha (Mahapadma, Padma, Sankha, Makara, Kacchapa, Mukunda, Kunda, Nila, Kharva)
• Annual festival: Magha Krishna Chaturdasi (Worship of Devi Lakshmi)

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

18. Vasishtha Kunda (North of Dhanayaksha Tirtha):

Rishi VasishthaPresence of Vasishtha, Arundhati and Vamadeva: In Vasishtha Kunda sage Vasishtha is said to be present along with Devi Arundhati. Sage Vamadeva is also present.
• Annual festival: Bhadrapada Shukla Panchami

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

19. Sagara Kunda (West of Vasishtha Kunda):

Sacred: Sagara Kunda is considered as a very sacred place.
• Holy Bath: Ashwina Poornima (and Parvan days)

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

20. Yogini Kunda (South-west of Sagara Kunda):

YoginiPresence of sixty-four yoginis: In Yogini Kunda, sixty-four yoginis are present.
• Holy Bath: Ashwina Shukla Ashtami

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

21. Urvashi Kunda (East of Yogini Kunda):

Urvashi regaining beauty: Urvashi tries to disturb the penance of a sage named Raibhya in the Himalayas by seducing him (on the bidding of Indra). The sage curses her and makes her ugly. Urvashi asks for forgiveness and redemption from the curse. The sage tells her to take bath in a Kunda in Ayodhya. After taking bath in that Kunda, Urvashi regains her beauty. The Kunda becomes known as Urvashi Kunda.
• Annual festival: Bhadrapada Shukla Tritiya

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

22. Ghosharka Kunda (South of Urvashi Kunda):

Sri SuryadevaKing Ghosha worshipping Suryadeva: King Ghosha of the Solar race goes for hunting in the forest. His hands become infested with worms which is an inauspicious sign. The king becomes devoid of pride. With the guidance of holy men, he takes bath in a Kunda. His body becomes full of divine splendour. Ghosha eulogizes the Sun God reciting its stotra. The Sun god appears before him and gives him an idol for worshipping. Ghosha installs that idol. The Kunda becomes known as Ghosharka Kunda.
• Holy Bath: Sundays, Bhadrapada or Magha Shukla Shasthi, Pausha Sundays specially on seventh day.

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

23. Rati Kunda (West of Ghosharka Kunda):

Rati-KamadevaPresence of Rati: Rati Kunda is the Kunda where one gets the blessings of Rati (the wife of Kamadeva).

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

24. Kusumayudha Kunda (Kandarpa Kunda) (West of Rati Kunda):

Rati-KamadevaPresence of Kamadeva: Kusumayudha Kunda is the Kunda where one gets the blessings of Kamadeva.
• Holy Bath: Magha Shukla Panchami

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

25. Mantreshwara Tirtha (West of Kusumayudha Kunda):

Sri Rama taking bath before consulting Kala: Sri Rama takes bath in this Tirtha before consulting Kala. Sri Rama also installs a Linga here. The Tirtha becomes known as Mantreshwara Tirtha.
• Annual festival: Chaitra Shukla Chturdashi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

26. Goddess Sitala (North of Mantreshwara):

Presence of goddess Sitala: Goddess Sitala is worshipped to avert smallpox and other diseases.
• Worship: Mondays

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

27. Goddess Bandi (North of goddess Sitala):

Presence of goddess Bandi: Goddess Bandi is worshipped to become free from fetters or chains binding ones life.
• Festival: Tuesdays

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

28. Goddess Chudaki (North of goddess Bandi):

Presence of goddess Chudaki: Goddess Chudaki is worshipped to get Siddhis.
• Festival: Chaturdasi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

29. Maharatna Tirtha (East of goddess Chudaki):

Sacred: Taking bath in Maharatna Tirtha confers great merit.
• Annual festival: Bhadrapada Krishna Chaturdashi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

30. Durbhara and Mahabhara lakes:

Shiva-ParvatiWorshipping Shiva and Parvati: Shiva and Parvati is worshipped near the Durbhara and Mahabhara lakes.
• Worship: Bhadrapada Krishna Chaturdasi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

31. Mahavidya Tirtha (North-east of Durbhara):

Devi SaraswatiPresence of Vidya devi: One takes bath in Mahavidya Tirtha to attain knowledge (Vidyas).

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

32. Siddhapitha or Siddhasthana:

Presence of Siddhi devi: One performs Japa and other spiritual practices in Siddhapitha to attain Siddhis like Uccatana and Mohana, as well as Moksha.
• Monthly festivals: Eighth and Ninth days
• Pilgrimage: First nine days of Ashwina Shukla Paksha

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

33. Dugdheshwara (Shiva) (Sita Kunda):

Lord ShivaSri Rama obtaining Shiva Linga from milk of Kamadhenu: When Bharata comes to receive Sri Rama after the forest exile, Kamadhenu also comes there and sheds milk. A Linga emerges from the milk and the milk flows to a Kunda. The rakshasas and vanaras in surprise ask Sri Rama about it. Sri Rama asks sage Vasishtha. Sage Vasishtha tells about Kamadhenu and the Linga of Shiva. Sri Rama worships that Linga. Since the Linga emerged from milk it becomes known as Dugdheshwara.
Devi Sita honouring the Kunda of milk: Devi Sita honours the Kunda where the milk flowed. The Kunda thus becomes known as Sita Kunda.
• Annual festival: Jyestha Chaturdasi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

34. Taponidhi Tirtha (East of Dugdheshwara):

Sri SugreevaSugreeva creating Tirtha: Sugreeva creates the Taponidhi Tirtha.

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

35. Hanumat Kunda (West of Taponidhi Tirtha):

Bhakta Hanuman (Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

36. Vibhishana Saras (West of Hanumat Kunda):

Sri Vibhishana (Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 8)

37. Gayakupa Tirtha (South-east of Jata Kunda):

• Shraddha: Amavasya on Monday, even on other Mondays

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

38. Pisachamochana Tirtha (East of Gayakupa Tirtha):

• Holy Bath: Margashirsha Shukla Chaturdashi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

39. Manasa Tirtha (East of Pisachamochana Tirtha):

• Festival: Bhadrapada Poornima

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

40. Mandavya Ashrama (River Tamasa) (Penance grove) (South of Manasa Tirtha):

Rishi Mandavya (Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

41. Gautama Ashrama (River Tamasa) (East of Mandavya Ashrama):

Rishi Gautama (Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

42. Chyavana Ashrama (River Tamasa) (East of Gautama Ashrama):

Rishi Chyavana (Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

43. Parashara Ashrama (River Tamasa):

Rishi Parashara • Holy bath: Margashirsha Poornima (River Tamasa)

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

44. Sita Kunda (near Dugdheshwara) (River Tamasa):

Devi Sita • Annual festival: Bhadrapada Shukla Chaturthi (Worship of Vigneshwara)

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

45. Bhairava (South of Sita Kunda):

Sri BhairavaProtecting Ayodhya: Sri Rama installs Bhairava for protecting Ayodhya.
• Annual festival: Bhadrapada Shukla Chaturthi (Worship of Vigneshwara)

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

46. Bharata Kunda (Nandigrama) (North of Bhairava):

Sri BharataBharata creating Kunda: Bharata creates the Bharata Kunda at Nandigrama, where he stays like an ascetic and rules Ayodhya for fourteen years when Sri Rama was in forest exile.

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

47. Jata Kunda (West of Bharata Kunda):

Sri Rama removing Jata: After returning from his forest exile, Sri Rama removes his Jata in this Kunda. The Kunda becomes known as Jata Kunda.
• Annual festival: Chaitra Krishna Chaturdashi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 9)

48. Tirtha of Vira (Elephant) (North of Jata Kunda):

Defending Ayodhya: Elephant Vira defends Ayodhya.
• Annual festival: Ashwina Shukla Panchami

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 10)

49. Demoness Surasa:

Defending Ayodhya: Sri Rama brings Surasa from Lanka for defending Ayodhya.
• Annual festival: Navaratri Tritiya

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 10)

50. Pindaraka (Warrior) (West of Surasa):

• Festival: Navaratri

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 10)

51. Vigneshwara (West of Pindaraka):

Sri Ganesha (Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 10)

52. Birthplace of Rama (North-east of Vigneshwara):

• Vow: Navami

Sri Rama (Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 10)



4. Ayodhya - Places to visit:

Ayodhya Tourist Places

1. River Sarayu Ghats:

1. Vasudev or Vasudeo Ghat:

Sri Matsya AvataraManu landing in Ayodhya after deluge: Vasudev Ghat is associated with the legend of Matsya Avatara of Lord Vishnu. The Matsya Avatara carries the boat of Vaivaswata Manu during the great deluge. When the waters of the deluge recedes, everything gets swept off and Manu lands in Ayodhya.

Vasudev Ghat is one of the oldest ghats of Ayodhya. Vasudev Ghat is no more a bathing ghat because river Sarayu has receded northwards and dried up the place. However, the legend of the ghat still remains. Pilgrims still visit this sacred site and perform rituals.

2. Ram Ghat:

Sri Rama Ram Ghat is also one of the oldest ghats of Ayodhya. Like the Vasudev Ghat the bathing ghat is no more there because river Sarayu has receded northwards. Now the entire place is renovated and the Ram Ki Paidi region is now popularly known as Ram Ghat.

3. Janaki Ghat:

Devi Sita Janaki Ghat is also an old ghat existing near the Ram Ghat.

4. Swargadwar Ghat, Naya Ghat and Ram Ki Paidi:

Ram Ki Pairi (Paidi)Sri Rama returning to his divine abode: When the time of departure arrives for Sri Rama, he adorns the dress of brahmachari, takes Kusha grass in his hands and walks towards Swargadwara. His brothers follow him. The residents of Ayodhya follow him. The vanaras and rakshasas knowing of his departure through spies also follow him. Sri Rama instructs Vibhishana to stay back and rule the rakshasas. Sri Rama instructs Hanuman to stay back as long as the name of "Rama" is sung. Sri Rama instructs Mainda and Dwivida to stay back and guide the vanaras, since they are immortal. He tells all the rest to follow him. The celestials watch this great departure from the heaven. When Sri Rama reaches Swargadwara, Lord Brahma eulogizes him as the Supreme Soul. Sri Rama casts off his body and enters the abode of Vishnu (with his brothers). As Lord Vishnu, Sri Rama tells Brahma to bestow higher lokas to his followers who were devoted to him. Lord Brahma tells about Santanika Loka which he decides to bestow them. Lord Brahma then takes them to another Tirtha known as Gopratara Tirtha where the residents of Ayodhya cast off their bodies and attain salvation. (Since Sri Rama departed to his divine abode in this Tirtha, it is known as Swargadwara Tirtha or the "Gateway to Heaven". It is a supreme tirtha where Snana, Dana and Dhyana attain great merit.).

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 6)

Chandradeva performing penance: Knowing the greatness of Swargadwara, Chandradeva performs penance here and secures the grace of Lord Vishnu. Chandradeva installs an image of Lord Vishnu and worships it. The image becomes known as Chandrahari.
• Chandra Sahashra Vrata and Udyapana (performed when a man's life spans thousand moons, i.e. 83 years and 4 months)

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 3)

Swargadwar is the main ghat of Ayodhya. Due to the sanctity of the place, people come here for Snana (Bathing), Dana (Charity), Dhyana (Meditation), Bhajana (Devotional Singing) and Puja (Worship). Swargadwar is specially famous for performing Pinda Dana (Rite for the deceased persons). Mundan Samskar (Tonsure ceremony) is also done here. Naya Ghat and Ram Ki Paidi are relatively new constructions. When river Sarayu receded northwards making the ghats dry, a new ghat (Naya Ghat) was built in 1960s. The place was further renovated later in 1980s with a flight of steps (called Paidi), gardens etc., and took the form of the present Ram Ki Paidi. Ram Ki Paidi is thus a series of newly-constructed bathing ghats of Ayodhya. Pilgrims come here for bathing, performing pujas and also engaging in devotional practices. The entire area is now called Ram Ghat. Pilgrims often bathe in this place before going for darshan of the temples.

5. Sarayu Mandir and Aarti:

Sarayu Aarti The Aarti of the holy river Sarayu is held near the Naya Ghat.

6. Ahalyabai Ghat:

Sri VishnuSri Rama performing yagna: According to legend Sri Rama performed a yagna here.

The Ahalyabai Ghat is near the Tretanathji (Treta Ke Thakur) temple.

7. Sahashradhara or Lakshman Ghat:

Sri AdiseshaLakshmana returning to his divine abode: When his time of departure comes near, Sri Rama calls Kala and discusses with him about his departure. He resolves to punish anyone who sees their discussion. during that time sage Durvasa comes and asks for food immediately. Lakshmana informs Sri Rama (for the fear of the curse of the sage). Sri Rama sends off Kala and feeds sage Durvasa extending his hospitality. As a punishment he abandons Lakshmana. Lakshmana goes to the bank of river Sarayu and after taking bath, meditates on the consciousness. Adisesha appears there piercing the ground in thousand places. Indra and devas also appears there. Indra tells Lakshmana about his divine nature and narrates the glory of the Tirtha. Since Adisesha pierced the ground in thousand places and lit it with the crest-jewel of his hood, the place becomes known as Sahashradhara Tirtha. Indra takes Lakshmana to his divine abode.
• Annual festival: Shravana Shukla Panchami
• Holy bath: Vaishakha

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 2)

There is a temple of Sri Lakshmanji near the ghat.

8. Papamochana Ghat or Gola Ghat:

Sri VishnuNarahari becoming free of sins: A brahmin named Narahari falls in bad company and commits many sins in life. Once he comes to Ayodhya in the company of some good people and takes bath in a Tirtha. He becomes free from his sins and go to Vishnu Loka. The Tirtha becomes known as Papamochana Tirtha.
• Holy Bath: Magha Krishna Chaturdashi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 2)

There is a temple of Lord Rama here known as Papamochana temple.

9. Jhunki Ghat:

Jhunki Ghat is probably named after a saint who meditated here. Sadhus come to this place for meditation.

10. Rinamochana Ghat:

Sri VishnuSage Lomasha becoming free of debts: A sage named Lomasha comes to Ayodhya and during his pilgrimage takes bath in a Tirtha. After this bath he becomes free from his debts. He proclaims the glory of the Tirtha which becomes known as Rinamochana Tirtha.

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 2)

Rinamochana Ghat is the place where devotees bathe to get free of the three debts in life (Rina is debt and mochana is becoming free).

11. Raj Ghat:

Raj Ghat is a comparatively new ghat in Ayodhya. This ghat has the statue of Jain Tirthankara Rishabhadeva. There is also a temple of Sita-Rama in this ghat.

12. Kaushalya, Kaikeyi and Sumitra Ghats:

Kaushalya Ghat, Kayikeyi Ghat and Sumitra Ghat are named after the queens of Dasharatha.

13. Brahma Kunda Ghat:

Sri Vishnu Sri BrahmaBrahma worshipping Lord Vishnu: Brahma hears that Lord Vishnu is stationed in Ayodhya. He comes there and performs its pilgrimage. Then he creates a Kunda and worships Lord Vishnu. The Kunda becomes known as Brahma Kunda. The devas take bath in that Kunda and becomes pure. They ask about it to Lord Brahma in wonder. Lord Brahma narrates the glory of the Kunda to them.
• Annual festival: Karthika Shukla Chaturdasi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 2)


14. Chakratirtha Ghat:

Sri VishnuVishnu Sharma performing penance: A brahmin by name Vishnu Sharma performs austere penance in Ayodhya worshipping Lord Vishnu and reciting the Dwadasakshari Mantra (Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya). Three years elapse. One day when the brahmin eulogizes Lord Vishnu, the Lord appears before him and gives him the boon. The Lord creates a Tirtha there with his Sudarshana Chakra and brings the waters of river Ganges. This Tirtha becomes known as Chakratirtha. Vishnu Sharma establishes an image of the Lord there for worship after his name. The image becomes known as Vishnuhari.
• Annual festival: Karthika Shukla Dashami to Poornima

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 1)


15. Guptar Ghat:

Guptar GhatLord Vishnu performing penance secretly: Once in a battle between the asuras and the devas, the asuras defeat the devas. The devas start fleeing. Hara stops the devas and takes them to Lord Vishnu in the milky ocean along with Brahmadeva. There, Hara starts eulogizing the Lord. Lord Vishnu becomes pleased and says that he will perform penance secretly to increase the strength of the devas. Thereafter the Lord comes to the bank of river Sarayu to perform his penance. The place where the Chakra of the Lord falls becomes known as Chakrahari. The place where the Lord performs his penance secretly becomes known as Guptahari. Due to the penance of the Lord, the devas gain strength and defeats the asuras. Thereafter the devas come to Guptahari and worships the Lord. Lord Vishnu grants them the boon of protection and narrates the glory of that place.
• Annual festival of Guptahari: Kathika (Poornima)
• Annual festival of Chakrahari: Margashirsha Shukla Ekadasi

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 6)

Lord Rama bestowing higher abodes to the residents of Ayodhya: When the time of departure of Sri Rama comes, he goes to Swargadwara. The residents of Ayodhya as well as the vanaras and rakshasas devoted to him follow him. He gives up his body there and returns to the abode of Lord Vishnu. Thereafter, as Lord Vishnu Sri Rama tells Brahmadeva to bestow higher Lokas to the residents of Ayodhya since they are devoted to him. Brahmadeva tells that he will bestow them Santanika Loka. Thereafter Brahmadeva takes them to Gopratara Tirtha. The residents give up their bodies there and attain the higher Loka.
• Holy Bath: Karthika

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 6)

Guptar Ghat is far away from the cluster of other ghats in Ayodhya. It is around 15 km from Ayodhya. This place has immense spiritual significance. There is a temple of Gupta Hari here.

2. Ramkot and surrounding Temples (North of Hanuman Garhi):

Ancient fort: Ramkot or "Fort of Lord Rama" was an ancient fort said to have been built by Sri Rama himself. The fort covered an extensive area and is said to have 20 gates. Now the fort is not there. Only certain remains are visible.

1. Hanuman Garhi:

Hanuman GarhiHanuman protecting Ramkot: According to legend, Hanumanji protected Ramkot (the fort of Rama) by residing in this place in a cave.

Hanuman Garhi is a fort-temple of Sri Hanumanji on a hillock. The pilgrims need to ascend around 70 steps to reach the shrine. The archway at the base of the steps is beautiful. Previously many sadhus used to stay here and meditate in this place. Hanuman Garhi is a very popular temple of Ayodhya. Pilgrims often have the darshan of Hanumanji before visiting other temples of Sri Rama.

- Hanuman Garhi is located around 1 km from the railway station.

2. Sugreev Tila:

Sugreev Tila is a small hillock near Hanuman Garhi with the image of Sugreevji.

3. Angad Tila: Angad Tila is similarly a small hillock near Hanuman Garhi in the name of Angad.

4. Ram Janambhoomi:

Sri RamaSri Rama incarnating: Ram Janambhoomi is said to be the place where Sri Rama incarnated.

So, this place is like the spiritual heart of Ayodhya. There was an ancient temple here which is said to have been destroyed by Babar during his invasion. A new temple is being built. The main purpose of the incarnation of Sri Rama was to slay Ravana and establish Dharma in the world. Ravana disturbed the worship and penance of sages whose wisdom formed the foundation of Sanatana Dharma. Ravana was so powerful by his boon that no one could match his strength. So the incarnation of Sri Rama was needed to eliminate the acts of Adharma of Ravana and also establish Dharma in the world by his personal example. So Ram Janambhoomi is like the place of birth of Dharma itself. On one side of Ram Janambhoomi are the ghats of river Sarayu and on the other side the palace-temples.

- Ram Janambhoomi is located close to Kanak Bhavan (a few hundred meters away).

5. Dasharath Mahal:

Dasharath MahalSri Rama growing up: Dasharath Mahal is the place where Sri Rama grew up amd performed his Bal Leelas.

Dasharath Mahal is the palace of king Dasharatha. This place is of immense spiritual significance because Sri Rama grew up here and performed his Bal Leelas in this place. Coupled with its spiritual significance, the palace itself is grand with large arched gateways and beautiful designs. Dasharath Mahal contains within it the beautiful sentiment of the fatherly love of king Dasharatha towards child Rama. This is augmented by the motherly love of Kaushalya and other queens.

- Dasharath Mahal is located very close to Hanuman Garhi.

6. Kanak Bhavan:

Kanak Bhavan Kanak BhavanSita-Rama staying together: Kanak Bhavan is the place where Sita-Rama stayed together.

Kanak Bhavan or "Golden Palace" is a famous palace-temple of Ayodhya. It is said that queen Kaikeyi gifted this palace to Devi Sita during her marriage. So this is the place where Sri Rama lived with Devi Sita after his marriage. There is a beautiful image of Sita-Rama inside this palace temple. Entering this palace chamber, the devotees chant the names of Sita-Rama before the image.

- Kanak Bhavan is located very close to Dasharath Mahal.

7. Valmiki Ramayana Bhavan:

Valmiki Ramayana Bhavan Valmiki Ramayana Bhavan is dedicated to Maharshi Valmiki and is specially loved by sadhus and saints. There is an image of Maharshi Valmiki inside this temple along with Lava and Kusha who first sang the Ramayana. The whole of Valmiki Ramayana is engraved on the walls of the temple. So this Bhavan as if reverberates with the slokas of Ramayana. Satsangs on Ramayana, recitation of Ramayana etc. are performed here. There is a library and a book stall inside on the first floor of the Bhavan.

8. Choti DevKali Mandir:

Choti DevKaliDevi Sita worshipping goddess: Choti DeviKali Mandir is said to be the temple where Devi Sita worshipped goddess Girija Devi which she brought to Ayodhya after her marriage.

King Dasharatha built a temple for Girija Devi. The temple now houses the image of DevKali. The word Choti is prefixed to differentiate it from another DevKali temple in Ayodhya known as Badi DevKali.

- Choti DevKali Mandir is located close to Ram Ki Paidi.

9. Tulsi Udyan:

Tulsi UdyanSant Tulsidas starting Ram Charit Manas: It is said that Sant Tulsidasji started composing the Ram Charit Manas from here.

Tulsi Udyan is a beautiful garden built by the Government of India and dedicated to Sant Tulsidas. During Tulsi Jayanti, Ram Charit Manas is recited here.

- Tulsi Udyan is located 1.5 km from the Ayodhya Railway station.

10. Ram Katha Sangrahalaya:

Ram Katha Sangrahalaya Ram Katha Sangrahalaya is a museum depicting the excavated artefacts of an old temple found in Ram Janambhoomi, as well as dramatic representation of Ramayana in different traditions of India. There are beautiful statues and pictures related to the life of Sri Rama in this place. This place thus gives a feeling of the holy life of Sri Rama as depicted in Ramayana.

11. Treta Ke Thakur:

Sri Rama performing Ashwamedha yagna: It is said that Sri Rama performed the Ashwamedha yagna in this place.

Treta Ke Thakur temple is an old temple of Ayodhya where Sri Rama is worshipped as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The temple has the images of Sri Rama, Devi Sita, brothers Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna, guru Vasistha and others. This temple has been renovated by the Maharaja of Kullu and later by Ahalyabai Holkar, the queen of Maratha. This temple opens only once in a year, during Karthik Shukla Ekadasi. The Ahalyabai Ghat is near this temple.

- Treta Ke Thakur is located close to Ram Ki Paidi.

12. Nageshwar Nath Mandir:

Nageshwar Nath MandirKusha building this Shiva temple: According to legend, Kusha the son of Sri Rama himself had built the original Nageshwar Nath Mandir.

Nageshwar Nath Mahadev Mandir is a very old temple of Lord Shiva. This temple is one of the main structures which survived the ravages of time till king Vikramaditya arrived in Ayodhya. Seeing this temple and getting guidance from saints, the king rebuilt Ayodhya. Near the Nageshwar Nath temple is an old temple of Sri Rama containing his idol curved out of black stone (Ram Panchatayana). It is said that this idol was preserved by the pujaris when the original Ram Janambhoomi temple was destroyed by Babar.

- Nageshwar Nath Mandir is around 8 km north of Ram Janambhoomi and close to Ram Ki Paidi.

3. Other Temples (South of Hanuman Garhi):

1. Birla Mandir:

Birla Mandir Birla Mandir is a comparatively new temple in Ayodhya. It has a beautiful ambience of green gardens and a silent atmosphere conducive to meditation. Inside the temple are the images of Sita-Rama-Lakshmana in white marble. On the walls of the temple are beautiful pictures depicting different events related to Ramayana.

- Birla Mandir is very close to the Ayodhya Railway station.

2. Vasishtha Kund:

Vasishtha KundAshrama of sage Vasishtha: Vasishtha Kund is the place where the ashrama of sage Vasishtha was said to be located.

Sri Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna attended the gurukula here.

- Vasishtha Kund is located near the Birla Mandir.

3. Mani Parvat:

Mani ParvatDevi Sita sporting: Mani Parvat is a hill which is said to be the place where Devi Sita sported with her companions.

The beautiful view of Ayodhya can be enjoyed from this hill. There is a shrine with the images of Sita-Ram. Lord Buddha is also said to have meditated in Mani Parvat. There are some remains of the ancient Buddhist monasteries here.

4. Outskirts of Ayodhya:

1. Surya Kund:

Sri Suryadeva Surya KundaKing Ghosha worshipping Suryadeva: King Ghosha of the Solar race goes for hunting in the forest. His hands become infested with worms which is an inauspicious sign. The king becomes devoid of pride. With the guidance of holy men, he takes bath in a Kunda. His body becomes full of divine splendour. Ghosha eulogizes the Sun God reciting its stotra. The Sun god appears before him and gives him an idol for worshipping. Ghosha installs that idol. The Kunda becomes known as Ghosharka Kunda.
• Holy Bath: Sundays, Bhadrapada or Magha Shukla Shasthi, Pausha Sundays specially on seventh day.

(Ref: Ayodhya Mahatmyam - 7)

This Kunda is dedicated to Surya deva. Sunday is a special day for taking bath in this Kunda.

- Surya Kund is located 6 km from the main city of Ayodhya.

5. Ayodhya Parikramas:

1. Pancha Krosi Parikrama:

2. Chauda Kroshi Parikrama:

3. Chaurasi Kroshi Parikrama:



Bharatavarsha - The Land of Gods and Sages:

1. Stotras
2. Scriptures
3. Pilgrimages
4. Festivals
5. Saints: Ramakrishna - Vivekananda - Ramana
6. Sadhana
7. Sanskrit
8. Nature

Meditation on Earth and Life: >>



Om, May there be Peace in Heaven,
May there be Peace in the Sky,
May there be Peace in the Earth,

(Shanti Mantra of Upanishad)


Preserve Nature,
And Nature will preserve Us,
Simplify Life,
And help Nature thrive,
Plant Trees,
And make our planet Green.

Next >>

Green Message: The Evergreen Messages of Spirituality, Sanskrit and Nature

Last updated on May-2021

Site Map    Search    Contact    Updates